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Supplements and Prostate Health - An Overview

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4 min read


The prostate is a little gland in front of the rectum and under the bladder. Read further to know more.

Written by

Dr. Aysha Anwar

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Achanta Krishna Swaroop

Published At April 12, 2024
Reviewed AtApril 17, 2024


The prostate may only be the size of a walnut, but if left untreated, it can lead to major health problems. Prostate cancer and an enlarged prostate are two concerning disorders related to the prostate. Prostate cancer is uncommon in those under 40, and these prostate-related problems usually affect men as they get older.

Other risk factors, such as family history, geography, ethnicity, and genetic alterations, can also increase the likelihood of having prostate cancer. Prostate cancer can arise as a result of a variety of factors, including nutrition, smoking, and STDs (sexually transmitted diseases).

What Are Prostate Health Supplements?

Both adults and children frequently consume nutritional supplements, such as vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids, and other substances. Supplements support many positive health outcomes, including strong bones, the prevention of birth abnormalities, heart disease support, and slowing the advancement of age-related macular degeneration. Almost anything may be supplemented, including prostate health.

There is no clear-cut answer to the question of whether or not supplements for prostate health are effective. Prostate health supplements may help prevent and treat prostate cancer, according to certain research. Additionally, some advocate for the prevention of additional prostate illnesses. Men most frequently take the following supplements to support prostate health:

  • Green tea.

  • African cherry.

  • Pomegranate.

  • Modified citrus pectin.

  • Soy.

  • Beta-sitosterol.

  • Selenium.

  • Mineral D

  • Mineral E.

Numerous vitamins and nutritional supplements are designed to promote prostate health; however, two supplements—African cherry and Beta-sitosterol—have demonstrated potential as prostate cancer treatments. However, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has not approved these supplements as medicines. A dietary supplement called palmetto is made from the fruit of shrubby palm trees. One of the most popular supplements for maintaining a healthy prostate is this one. It has been demonstrated that saw palmetto reduces prostate hypertrophy. Dietary supplements are available over-the-counter because they are advertised as food rather than medications.

How Often Should One Take Prostate Supplements?

Vitamins and dietary supplements are included in the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) category of treatments. These can be used instead of conventional therapies. CAM also consists of particular foods, vitamins, minerals, and plants.

  • Prostate Supplement Ingredients: Saw palmetto extract is frequently seen in supplements for the prostate. Other frequently occurring extracts in these supplements include zinc, soy, Urtica dioica nettle, Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), selenium, and vitamin E chemicals not disclosed on the labels of supplements may be included. As an illustration, 27 percent of herbal items are contaminated, usually by heavy metals, toxins, or animal products.

Are Prostate Supplements Safe?

  1. Supplement facts is a label that is usually attached to dietary supplements. All active ingredients, doses, and serving sizes are listed on this label, along with any binders, fillers, and additional tastes. The recommended dosage will also be listed on the label, but one should speak with the doctor to determine how much one should take.

  2. Supplemental active substances may have profound effects on the body. Be cautious and mindful of potential negative effects when taking a new vitamin or supplement. The most prevalent causes of side effects include taking high doses of supplements or multiple supplements at once.

  3. Certain supplements have the potential to increase bleeding risk or interfere with anesthetic during surgery. Discussing new supplement additions with a doctor is always a good idea because some medications, such as birth control, blood thinners, or transplant treatments, can interact negatively with particular supplements.

  4. Since many foods contain additives in vitamins, minerals, and other extra components, one might not be aware that one is taking a higher supplement dose than one should. If one takes vitamins with this kind of food, one may take more of a dosage than intended.

  5. Nursing or pregnant women should exercise caution when taking supplements and see their doctor to determine whether doing so is safe.

  6. It is also important to remember that certain supplements may raise the chance of getting prostate cancer. These supplements contain vitamin E and selenium. However, they are advertised as supporting prostate health.

What Are the Other Additional Things to Think About for Prostate Health?

There are other ways to support prostate health than supplements. Other factors to take into account to maintain the health of the prostate are as follows:

  • Exercise: Physical activity can effectively combat certain ailments, including prostate cancer. The likelihood of an unhealthy prostate can be reduced by ten percent to 30 percent with just a 30-minute physical workout.

  • Increase the Amount of Tomato Sauce: Tomatoes, watermelon, and grapefruit contain the antioxidant lycopene, which may reduce the incidence of prostate cancer. This suggests that tomato-based products cooked or processed can, in a delicious way, lower the risk of prostate cancer.

  • Eat Less Fat: High-fat diets may lower the body's natural antioxidant stores. The prostate needs these antioxidants to stay healthy. One should change one’s diet to include lean proteins, such as fish and poultry, and less fat.

  • Get Screened: The most crucial thing one can do to maintain the health of the prostate is to get screened. Prostate cancer is typically a silent illness, with symptoms developing only as the disease progresses. For this reason, routine physical examinations and tests are essential if one wishes to maintain proactive prostate health.

  • Sip Tea: They are rich in antioxidants; green and hibiscus tea are good for the prostate. Caffeine can irritate the bladder and prostate, so these teas should be caffeine-free.

  • Increase Water Intake: Water is another important beverage that supports prostate health. To reduce the amount of pee one produces, stay hydrated and not cut back on water intake.

  • Minimize Stress: Prostate health is the most important part of health since stress has been demonstrated to adversely affect many other aspects of life. Men frequently experience tightness in their pelvic muscles under stressful situations, which causes them to tighten their muscles unconsciously. Pelvic muscle tightness has been linked to several prostate issues, including chronic prostatitis.


Prostate-related problems are not treatable or cured by supplements. On the other hand, a lot of them assert that they can either prevent or minimize the symptoms related to prostate issues, usually by lowering inflammation. The prostate gland aids in producing semen fluid and encircles the urethra. Similar studies have indicated that vitamin A and multivitamin supplements may raise the risk of prostate cancer, even though this study only included smokers or former smokers. In summary, a chemo-preventive diet that includes vitamin A supplements is not advised to prevent prostate cancer.

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Dr. Achanta Krishna Swaroop
Dr. Achanta Krishna Swaroop



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