Published on Jul 16, 2014 and last reviewed on Sep 10, 2018 - 1 min read
This article discusses vertigo, a sensation of spinning, dizziness, unsteadiness, and lightheadedness.
Dizziness, unsteadiness, lightheadedness are symptoms expressed by the patient. But all these indicate that the patient is having a problem of balancing. Balancing is the outcome of a reflex mechanism where vestibule of ear, eyes and sensory receptors of joints and muscles send sensory impulses to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). The integration takes place here and finally ordered impulses travel through motor nerves to postural muscles for the maintenance of posture and balance.
So, vertigo is divided into two depending on the site of lesion in the above reflex mechanism:
Central vertigo - Includes diseases of the brain like brain tumors, etc.
Peripheral vertigo - Includes diseases of the vestibule of the ear. This is very important because most of the patients of vertigo are found to be of vestibular origin. In a majority of the cases, it is reversible and patients are found to be having a good spontaneous recovery. Recovery takes place in about two to four weeks.
A few common vestibular diseases causing vertigo are:
Query: Hello doctor, I am a 22 year old female. I have always suffered from migraines. Recently, it seems like it has been getting worse. Last year, I gave birth to my son vaginally. Now, when I lay on my abdomen or even turn my head, I notice a heartbeat sound in my ear. My nurse practitioner thought it ... Read Full »
Article Overview: Stroke is the third leading cause of death today. There are many complications associated with a stroke, which will disturb the day-to-day activities of a person or the family members. Every person must be aware of the signs and symptoms of stroke to save the patient's life. For better protection, a person should know the risk factors of stroke, how to reduce the risk factors, warning signs, and what to do if warning signs appear. Read Article
Stroke is also referred to as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or brain attack. It means that there is an insult or disturbance in the blood supply of the brain, which leads to neurological function loss. Stroke may cause permanent disability to one or two or all four extremities. Complications wit... Read Article
Query: Hello doctor, For a couple of days now I have been ill and the symptoms are getting worse. First, it started off with a swollen throat (which I still have but is not as bad) which gives me a phlegm cough but has reduced. I constantly have dizziness and blackouts with pulsating sensations not only g... Read Full »
Do you have a question on Migraine or Transient Ischemic Stroke?Ask a Doctor Online