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A neurosurgeon is a physician who specializes in the surgical treatment of diseases or conditions that affect not only the brain but any part of the nervous system. The nervous system is made of the central and peripheral nervous system. The brain and spinal cord make the central nervous system (CNS), and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) consists of nerves that connect the CNS to all the other parts of the body.
The common reasons why people need neurosurgery include tumors (involving the brain, nerves, and spinal cord), neck and back pain due to spinal problems, peripheral nerve injuries, stroke, brain hemorrhage, aneurysm, vascular malformation, blood clot in the brain, Parkinson’s disease, brain infection, and traumatic injuries to the brain and spinal cord.
Neurosurgery is a technically demanding field of medical specialty, and the neurosurgeon should have excellent hand-eye coordination and vision to perform the surgeries. A neurosurgeon and neurologist work together and treat patients with complex nervous disorders like stroke, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's, epilepsy, etc. But unlike neurosurgeons, a neurologist does not perform surgeries. Your doctor might refer you to a neurosurgeon if your neurological conditions cannot be treated by medicines alone.
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