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Otolaryngology is the branch of medical specialty that deals with the diseases of the ear, neck, and throat (ENT). The doctor that specializes in the medical and surgical treatment of the ear, neck, and throat is called an Otolaryngologist or an ENT specialist. An otolaryngologist performs many surgical and medical procedures on the ear, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, etc. They also perform cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries of the head and neck region.
You need to consult an ENT specialist if you have a sore throat, cold, cough, nose block, ear infection, hearing problems, dizziness, ringing in the ear (tinnitus), sinus problems, tonsillitis, snoring, deviated nasal septum, etc. Routine surgeries performed by an otolaryngologist are biopsies, tonsillectomy, inserting tubes in the ear in case of an infection, and sinus surgery.
If you are suffering from any of the condition mentioned above, it is best to consult an ENT specialist at the earliest. It is becoming difficult to find time to visit doctors in person because of our lifestyle. In such a scenario, medical platforms providing online consultations come to the rescue.
The branch of medical science that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases affecting the ear, neck, and throat is called otolaryngology. A doctor trained in otolaryngology is called an otolaryngologist or an ENT specialist. He or she performs medical and surgical procedures on the ear, nose, salivary glands, sinuses, throat, etc. They are also trained to perform reconstructive and esthetic surgeries of the head and neck.
If you or your kid is suffering from a sore throat, cough, cold, blocked nose, ear pain, hearing problems, loss of balance, dizziness, ringing in ears, pain over the sinuses, inflamed tonsils, snoring, etc., it is best to consult an ENT specialist.
The common conditions that an otolaryngologist treats are:
- Ear infection.
- Hearing loss.
- Loss of balance.
- Throat infection.
- Nasal growth or polyps.
- Voice problems.
- Sleep apnea.
- Cancer of the head and neck region.
Yes, ENT specialists are trained to identify and treat ear problems like ear infection, hearing impairment, balance problems, tinnitus, and ear pain.
The doctor will try to see the back of your mouth and tonsils by retracting your tongue. And to see the throat, the doctor might perform laryngoscopy. Here, a laryngoscope (a small flexible tube with a camera) is inserted into the throat through your mouth.
An ENT specialist might suggest you get the following tests done:
- Ear, throat, and nose examination.
- Audiometric testing (for hearing impairment).
- Nasal endoscopy.
- Allergy testing.
- Culture studies.
- CT scan or MRI.
To understand the cause and your unique situation, the doctor will take a complete medical and family history. He or she will make a note of all the symptoms you are experiencing and will perform a physical examination of the nose, throat, and ear to look for other signs. Depending on your problem, the doctor will suggest you get some tests. If you have an infection or allergy, the doctor will prescribe appropriate medicines.
Yes, an otolaryngologist or an ENT specialist can perform surgeries. Some of the common procedures that they perform are:
- Blepharoplasty - to remove excess skin from a droopy eyelid.
- Sinus surgeries - for sinus infections and inflammation.
- Biopsy - to collect a sample from a growth in the ear, throat, and nose region.
- Plastic surgery of the face.
- Septoplasty - to correct deviated nasal septum.
- Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy - to remove chronically inflamed tonsils and adenoids.
- Tympanoplasty - to repair defect in the eardrum.
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