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HomeHealth articlesadvanced 3-d biomodelling technology for complex mandibular reconstructionHow Can Advanced 3-D Biomodelling Technology Be Used for Mandibular Reconstruction?

Advanced 3-D Biomodelling Technology for Complex Mandibular Reconstruction

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Advanced three-dimensional bio-modeling technology has become a revolution in complex mandibular reconstruction procedures. Read below to know more.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Bharat Joshi

Published At November 9, 2023
Reviewed AtNovember 9, 2023

Introduction:

Complex mandibular reconstruction procedures can be done with the help of advanced 3D bio-modeling technology, which helps in giving improved precision, accuracy, efficiency, and better patient outcomes. This modeling technology combines with imaging techniques like computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing or CAD-CAM, which help give an atomically perfect three-dimensional model of the mandibular jaw. It also uses imaging techniques like computer tomography and cone beam computer tomography scanning. This will give detailed visualization and high resolution of the mandible, giving small anatomical structures and visualization of nerves, teeth, bone, and blood vessels. With these imaging techniques, a three-dimensional digital model of the lower jaw or mandible is made using specialized software.

Which Are the Various Imaging Techniques Used for Three-Dimensional Bio-Modeling?

Different imaging techniques are important in three-dimensional bio modeling to know the various anatomical structures. They will give accurate information and data for surgical planning. Some commonly used imaging techniques in three-dimensional bio modeling include the following:

  • Computer Tomography (CT) Scans - CT scans give a detailed, high-resolution cross-sectional image of the mandibular jaw. Computer tomography uses X-ray radiation to get multiple images of the target site, which help reconstruct a three-dimensional image. A CT scan can be helpful in getting bong structures.

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - MRI uses high-field magnetic fields and radio waves to create a detailed image of the targetted area. MRI visualizes soft tissues in the body, like muscles, nerves, blood vessels, and other tissues.

  • Cone Beam Computer Tomography (CBCT) - CBCT is a type of computed tomography scan that gives a higher resolution three-dimensional image of the head and neck region which uses a lower radiation dose when compared with normal CT scans.

  • Intraoral Scanning - Intraoral scanners capture the geometry of teeth and other oral structures. These scanning techniques use laser technology or optical scanners which help in making a digital impression of the mouth that can be used to produce a virtual three-dimensional model for the mandibular reconstruction procedures.

  • Photogrammetry- A technique that involves multiple photographs of a structure of an object from different angulations. It uses specialized software to create a three-dimensional model. It is helpful in capturing surface details and contours.

What Is Computer-Aided Design (CAD) for Mandibular Reconstruction?

Computer-aided design help in the reconstructive procedure of the mandible to plan and design specific and customizable implants according to surgical guidelines. It includes specialized software that will create a three-dimensional model of the lower jaw, which can be customized according to the surgical plan.

CAD help design the implants according to the customer depending on the anatomy and requirement of the patient for the reconstruction procedure. The implants can replace the damaged or missing bony segment, which helps restore the symmetry of the face and give optimal aesthetic and functional outcomes. CAD can be used as a surgical guide during implant surgery. The surgical guide can be created on the basis of the three-dimensional model fabricated by other methods. It also helps provide virtual planning of the surgery in the three-dimensional model. It will help in giving a precise selection of the size, position, and evaluation of the implant. CAD help in giving exceptional precision and accuracy during mandibular reconstruction procedure.

What Is Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) for Mandibular Reconstruction?

Computer-aided manufacturing or CAM, is used in conjunction with computer-aided design. It involved specialized software to fabricate customizable implants based on the virtual three-dimensional model made with the help of CAD. It can help in the fabrication of implants with the help of three-dimensional printing. The model created with the help of CAD can be used for CAM in the fabrication of the implants. CAM can also be used during the surgical procedure to guide the placement of an implant. It also gives exceptional customization and precision during the reconstruction of the mandible.

What Are the Benefits of Advanced Three-Dimensional Bio-Modeling Technology?

The benefits of advanced three-dimensional bio-modeling technology include the following:

  • Precise Surgical Planning - The advanced three-dimensional bio-modeling technology help in giving precise preoperative planning with the help of imaging data produced during the making of virtual three-dimensional models. Surgeons can refer to these models to visualize the structures and anatomy during surgery and simulate the outcome during surgery. The surgical approach will be precise and accurate with the help of the three-dimensional model. There fore, there will be fewer complications and better outcomes.

  • Patient-Specific Implants - These help in making patient-specific implants based on the anatomy of the patient. This help in increasing the success during the reconstructive procedure, reduce the implant-related risks and complications and help in giving better satisfaction to the patient.

  • Surgical Guide - The three-dimensional bio modeling help in giving a surgical guide during the placement of the implant by giving better precision during the surgery.

  • Improved Accuracy During Surgery - They help in giving improved accuracy and precision during the surgical procedure by giving a detailed visualization of the anatomy of the patient by the virtual models made before, thereby giving better outcomes and fewer complications during the surgery.

  • Improved Communication and Education - The advanced three-dimensional bio modeling help in giving better communication and education among the doctors and patients. The three-dimensional models can be used to plan and guide the surgical procedure.

  • Decreased Operating Time and Cost - It helps in decreasing the surgical time by precise planning of the surgery before itself.

  • Better Patient Outcome - The advanced three-dimensional bio-modeling technology help in better patient outcome by giving better function, reduction in the risk and complication, and improving aesthetics and satisfaction of the patient.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, advanced three-dimensional bio-modeling technology has become a game-changing technique in the field of complex mandibular reconstruction surgeries. It helps in simplifying the plan and procedures of surgeons by giving better precision and customization. It creates a virtual three-dimensional model of the lower jaw or mandible which will help in giving a better idea of the surgical site. It helps in improving the outcome after the surgery and decreases risks and complications. The three-dimensional model of the mandible will give a better idea to know the anatomy of the patient, which will help in giving more accurate and aesthetic results. So advanced three-dimensional bio-modeling technology is considered a cutting-edge innovation in the treatment process of complex mandibular reconstruction.

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Dr. Bharat Joshi
Dr. Bharat Joshi

Dentistry

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advanced 3-d biomodelling technology for complex mandibular reconstruction
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