This article gives a short description of hip joint pain due to arthritis.
The hip joint is one of the major weight-bearing joints in the body. It is subjected to repetitive high stresses during daily activities.
The hip joint is formed by the upper end of the thigh bone (femur) which is ball-shaped and cup-like bone called acetabulum. The ball-shaped head of the femur fits snugly in the socket of the acetabulum. Ends of these ball and cup bones are covered with a thin elastic layer called cartilage. It aids in cushioning and provides friction-less movements of the hip joint.
The inner surface of the joint is lined with synovial tissue which produces synovial fluid this, in turn, nourishes cartilage and also aids in lubrication. The hip joint is stabilized from outside by a thick fibrous capsule, which is again reinforced by ligaments. In addition, muscles and tendons around the hip joint provide stability and mobility.
Causes of Hip Joint Pain:
A common cause of hip joint pain is arthritis. Three common forms of arthritis are
It is the most common form of arthritis. It is gradual wear and tear of the joints, which progresses with age. Gradually, the layer of cartilage and synovial tissue wears off from the edges of bones and joints, leaving bare bone. When the edges of bare bones rub against each other, pain settles in and further damage of bone occurs. Thus a cycle of pain and stiffness follows.
In this condition, the body’s immune system produces substances that target and destroys synovial tissue and cartilage lining of joints. This, in turn, results in joint pains, swellings, and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect any age group but its more common in females.
If a normal hip joint gets injured due to trauma, the joint surfaces lose their smoothness and become irregular. This can cause pain, loss of motion around the hip joint, and stiffness.
Arthritis can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroids, physiotherapy, antirheumatic drugs, and lifestyle modifications.
The causes for hip pain in a woman are:
- Gynecological problems. Hip pain is commonly seen during the menstrual cycle.
- Fractures in the hip.
- Tendinitis and bursitis.
The signs of abnormalities in the hip are:
- Swelling tenderness of the hip
- Hip pain.
- Stiffness in the joint.
You can identify if your hip pain is serious if you are not able to move from one place. This is an indication that your joints are deformed. They should seek medical help and get tested for any infection or swelling.
Rest is the first essential measure to get relief from hip pain. Painkillers are also suggested by doctors to overcome hip pain. The most commonly recommended painkiller medications are:
- Naproxen sodium.
- Acetaminophen or Paracetamol.
If you have constant hip pain for more than two or three days, you need to consult your doctor. If you happen to identify any redness or swelling around your hip joint, then you need to check with your doctor as soon as possible. You can also get help from icliniq.com.
Arthritis in the hip can be identified with the following signs.
- Pain in groin, knee, and buttock.
- Stiffness and pain in the joints.
- Sharp pain in the morning.
- Resting for a long time can increase your pain.
Severe hip pain can usually take more than one or six weeks to heal. If the injury is minor, then it can heal within three weeks of time. If the patient is facing a severe tear in the muscles, then the hip pain can last for more than six weeks.
Intense exercises are bad for your hips. It is not advised to perform heavy lifting practices. You are also asked to refrain from running and jumping activities. Adventurous activities such as hiking should be avoided.
The ideal supplements for hip pain are:
- Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate.
- Vitamin D.
- Omega-3 fatty acids.
Yes, vitamins are helpful for hip pain. A deficiency in vitamin D is associated with conditions like osteoarthritis. So, it is suggested that supplementation with vitamin D, can help in relieving hip pain. You can also get help from your doctor for other treatment options.
The foods that are helpful for relieving hip pain are:
- Fatty fish like salmon, anchovies, herring, mackerel, sardines, and tuna.
- Some plant and nut oils like canola, olive, and flaxseed oils.
- Leafy green vegetables like lettuce and broccoli.
Walking is considered a low impact activity. It is the best way to start a proper exercise regimen. Walking also helps in relieving the pain that is caused by stiffness, swelling, and arthritis.
The triggers of hip arthritis are:
- Heavy weight lifting.
- Cold weather.
- Increase in weight.
- Bone spurs.
If you are facing hip pain while sleeping, you need to follow the below tips to reduce the intensity of pain.
- Change your position while sleeping. Turn to the side that gives you less pain.
- Wedge-shaped pillows can be useful in relieving pain.
- You can sleep with pillows below your knees.
The quickest way to relieve hip pain is to give an ice pack. A warm shower will also help in reducing the pain. It will also prepare the muscles for stretching. In addition to this, the nerves that are in strain are also relieved.
Rest is the first and the foremost requirement of healing from hip pain. If the patient is having any inflammation, ice packs can be given every four hours. Alterations in the diet patterns can be made to improve the strength and stability of the hips. You can also increase the consumption of nuts, flaxseeds, and omega-3 fatty acids.
The non-surgical treatment options for hip pain are:
- Lifestyle modifications.
- Pain medications.
- Injections and infusions.
- Occupational Therapy.
Last reviewed at:
27 Dec 2018 - 1 min read
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