This article gives a short description of hip joint pain due to arthritis.
The hip joint is one of the major weight-bearing joints in the body. It is subjected to repetitive high stresses during daily activities.
The hip joint is formed by the upper end of the thigh bone (femur) which is ball-shaped and cup-like bone called acetabulum. The ball-shaped head of the femur fits snugly in the socket of the acetabulum. Ends of these ball and cup bones are covered with a thin elastic layer called cartilage. It aids in cushioning and provides friction-less movements of the hip joint.
The inner surface of the joint is lined with synovial tissue which produces synovial fluid this, in turn, nourishes cartilage and also aids in lubrication. The hip joint is stabilized from outside by a thick fibrous capsule, which is again reinforced by ligaments. In addition, muscles and tendons around the hip joint provide stability and mobility.
Causes of Hip Joint Pain:
A common cause of hip joint pain is arthritis. Three common forms of arthritis are
It is the most common form of arthritis. It is gradual wear and tear of the joints, which progresses with age. Gradually, the layer of cartilage and synovial tissue wears off from the edges of bones and joints, leaving bare bone. When the edges of bare bones rub against each other, pain settles in and further damage of bone occurs. Thus a cycle of pain and stiffness follows.
In this condition, the body’s immune system produces substances that target and destroys synovial tissue and cartilage lining of joints. This, in turn, results in joint pains, swellings, and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect any age group but its more common in females.
If a normal hip joint gets injured due to trauma, the joint surfaces lose their smoothness and become irregular. This can cause pain, loss of motion around the hip joint, and stiffness.
Arthritis can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications, corticosteroids, physiotherapy, antirheumatic drugs, and lifestyle modifications.
Last reviewed at:
27 Dec 2018 - 1 min read
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