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Ways to Prevent Skin Pigmentation Disorders

Written by
Dr. Rabia
and medically reviewed by Dr. Sneha Kannan

Published on Mar 14, 2019   -  1 min read



Human skin color is due to melanin present in the skin, which is a brown color pigment present inside melanocytes. Different races have different amounts of pigment in them.

Ways to Prevent Skin Pigmentation Disorders

Human skin color is due to melanin present in the skin, which is a brown color pigment present inside melanocytes. Different races have different amounts of pigment in them. Apart from melanin, other substances like carotene and hemoglobin also impart color to the skin. According to the skin color, the skin is divided into 6 different types from white to black, which differentiates between different races.

Types of Pigmentation:

An individual has two different types of pigmentation. The types of pigmentation are:

  1. Facultative - This is inherited.
  2. Exogenous - This occurs due to sun exposure.

Pigmentations that are inherited cannot be altered, but exogenous pigmentation due to excessive sunlight exposure can be controlled. Sunlight exposure can lead to different pigmentary disorders like melasma, freckles, lentigo, etc.

How to Improve the Skin Tone?

For improving skin tone, the most important thing is protection from sunlight. Some tips to protect yourself from the sun and to improve skin tone are as follows:

Diffuse pigmentation in the body can also occur due to any underlying disease and systemic causes like liver disorder, kidney disorder, malignancies, drugs, and endocrine problems.


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Last reviewed at:
14 Mar 2019  -  1 min read


Dr. Rabia

Dr. Rabia

Fcps dermatology , Mbbs

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