Dermatologists and Skin Care Data Verified

Ways to Prevent Skin Pigmentation Disorders

Published on Mar 14, 2019 and last reviewed on Aug 08, 2022   -  2 min read


Human skin color is due to melanin present in the skin, which is a brown color pigment present inside melanocytes. Different races have different amounts of pigment in them.

Ways to Prevent Skin Pigmentation Disorders

Human skin color is due to melanin present in the skin, which is a brown color pigment present inside melanocytes. Different races have different amounts of pigment in them. Apart from melanin, other substances like carotene and hemoglobin also impart color to the skin. According to the skin color, the skin is divided into 6 different types from white to black, which differentiates between different races.

Types of Pigmentation:

An individual has two different types of pigmentation. The types of pigmentation are:

  1. Facultative - This is inherited.
  2. Exogenous - This occurs due to sun exposure.

Pigmentations that are inherited cannot be altered, but exogenous pigmentation due to excessive sunlight exposure can be controlled. Sunlight exposure can lead to different pigmentary disorders like melasma, freckles, lentigo, etc.

How to Improve the Skin Tone?

For improving skin tone, the most important thing is protection from sunlight. Some tips to protect yourself from the sun and to improve skin tone are as follows:

Diffuse pigmentation in the body can also occur due to any underlying disease and systemic causes like liver disorder, kidney disorder, malignancies, drugs, and endocrine problems.


Last reviewed at:
08 Aug 2022  -  2 min read




Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers

How to treat yellow color skin pigmentation caused by eating excess fennel seeds?

Query: Hi doctor, A few months ago, I ate lots of fennel seed. Due to which my skin becomes yellow and show extreme pigmentation of yellow color in sunlight.Please suggest me the treatment. Thanks.  Read Full »

Can I use Calamine lotion for hyperpigmentation?

Query: Hi doctor, The forehead portion above my eyes and the portion of face around eyes became black around four years ago. Please find the photo of my face attached here. I never took any medicine. For the last four months, I am taking some natural remedies such as turmeric, aloevera, etc. Please sugge...  Read Full »

Is Tezcort 3S advisable for yellow skin and melasma?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 28 years old, a female and I have yellow skin and have melasma on both the cheeks and nose and its been for four years. I have shown it to 3 to 4 doctors within these years and applied many different creams which did not work much. Finally, someone suggested me to apply Tezcort 3S w...  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Skin Care or Melasma?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.