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Skin Care and Use of Cosmetics in Acne Patients

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Skin Care and Use of Cosmetics in Acne Patients

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Acne is a chronic problem that usually occurs in adolescence. It is a main cosmetic concern. Read the article below to learn more.

Written by

Dr. Suvash Sahu

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Preetha. J

Published At November 22, 2016
Reviewed AtMarch 13, 2024

What Is Skin?

Skin is the largest part of the human body; it is a sense organ present over the whole body, also known as the integumentary system. Skin is made up of minerals, water, protein, and fats. The skin comprises nerves that help to feel hot and cold sensations, hair follicles, and sweat glands. The anatomical structure of the skin consists of three layers: epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis.

The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin that is seen and touched. It functions as a protective barrier and consists of a protein called keratin, which forms the new skin cells, and melanin, which provides color to the skin. The dermis is the second layer of skin, making up around 90% of the thickness of the skin.

The dermis layer is composed of collagen, which strengthens the skin, and elastin, which makes the skin flexible. It also consists of hair follicles, oil, and sweat glands. The hypodermis layer is the skin's bottom layer, also known as the fat layer. The bottom layer is composed of fatty tissues, which provide a cushioning effect to the bones and muscles of the body.

What Is the Importance of Skin Care?

Skincare is very important as the skin provides protection from heat and harmful substances, so taking care of the skin enhances the texture and makes the skin younger. There are several points to remember that will help protect the skin.

Protect the Skin from the Sun -

Sunlight can damage the skin as harmful rays penetrate it and may lead to wrinkles, dark spots, tanning, and other skin problems.

To prevent the damage caused by sunlight, applying sunscreen and avoiding going out in strong sunlight are important. It is also recommended that the skin be protected from the sun.

Quit Smoking -

Smoking can lead to many health-related problems and may cause adverse effects on the skin as well. Smoking tobacco releases harmful substances into the body, which may affect the skin by making it older and more pigmented. It can damage the collagen and fibrin fibers present in the skin.

Stress Management -

Stress management is important. Stress can cause acne and dark spots. It is, therefore important to have a healthy state of mind.

Healthy Eating -

Eating healthy plays a vital role in preventing skin pigmentation; several superfoods are filled with all the nutritional values required for healthy skin. A healthy lifestyle with good food habits will increase skin quality.

Fatty Fish - Fish is good for healthy skin because it is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and zinc, preventing skin pigmentation.

Seeds and Nuts - Eating seeds and nuts brings great nutritional value to the body and skin, as they are loaded with vitamins, proteins, and minerals.

Avocados - Avocados help as an antioxidant for the skin that protects the skin from harsh sunlight damage.

Citrus Fruits - Citrus fruits contain antioxidants and vitamin C, which are important for healthy skin.

Sweet Potatoes and Carrots - They have antioxidant properties with provitamin A, vitamin C, and carotene, which prevent skin damage.

Drinking Water - The skin is a sensitive organ, and it is essential to keep it hydrated by drinking enough water.

What Is Acne?

Acne is a chronic problem that usually occurs in adolescence. The main cosmetic concern in acne patients is the unappealing blemishes produced by active acne lesions and the formation of hyperpigmentation and scars. Acne arises in different forms, and the classification of acne depends on its severity. It could be whitehead, blackhead, small pimple, large solid lumps, or painful pus-filled lumps.

What Is Acne Prone Skin?

People with acne-prone skin experience skin outbreaks more frequently. This type of skin disease does not go away on its own; it may need some treatments regularly. Various factors lead the skin to be susceptible to or break out. This can be produced when a person's skin secretes more sebum, and some dead cells are not cleared.

It results in oil buildup, bacteria, blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples in the pores frequently occurring. Pores are filled with bacteria that lead to overproduction of the organism and cause inflammation. The body's immune system fights against this inflammation by producing inflammatory mediators that appear as a red spot on the skin. The pressure damages the pores or spots and produces pus on the skin. One of the best skin care routines for acne is using natural products and washing the face many times daily with normal water.

Which Cosmetic Should Be Used in Acne Patients?

In older days, it was suggested to acne patients that they should avoid cosmetics for fear of aggravating acne lesions. But, nowadays, due to water-based cosmetics and increased awareness, cosmetics can be offered to those who desire them for camouflage and other purposes. If an individual has oily skin, they should be advised to adopt a healthy cleansing habit and remove cosmetics as soon as possible.

  • Water-based cosmetics should be preferred. Cream or paste formulations should be avoided.

  • Cosmetic usage should be restricted to necessary social engagement.

  • Facial cosmetics, astringents, and toners containing alcohol should not be used regularly.

  • Non-comedogenic cosmetic products can cause acne aggravation since individual susceptibility varies.

  • Skin cleanser and frequent washing of the face with antibacterial soaps are required to keep oily skin clean and dry. Oil-based cleansing creams and lotions should be avoided.

  • Liquid foundations, which are oil-free or have low oil contents and have a matte or semi-matte finish, should cover blemishes, uneven facial colors, and scars.

  • The facial powder is a transparent or loose powder available in pink, yellow, or brown tones that absorbs oil and can be used alone.

  • Moisturizers are recommended for combination skin, such as if an individual has dryness in the outer zone of the face. Depending on the degree of dryness, oil in water or water in oil preparation is chosen for combination skin type moisturizer.

  • Alpha hydroxy acid helps peel on active acne lesions and reduce hyperpigmentation caused by acne scars.

Conclusion:

Skin is a delicate and sensitive organ of the body, requiring proper care and protection from harmful substances. Acne-prone skin needs more attention and care. It is always advisable to consult a professional healthcare provider to get appropriate treatment for acne and other skin-related problems.

Frequently Asked Questions

1.

Can Cosmetics Lead To Acne?

Acne is a chronic problem that usually occurs in adolescence. It is a main cosmetic concern. In older days, it was suggested to acne patients that they should avoid cosmetics for fear of aggravating acne lesions. But, nowadays, due to the availability of water-based cosmetics and increased awareness, cosmetics can be offered to those who desire them for camouflage and other purposes.

2.

Which Is the Best Way to Care for the Skin and Prevent Acne?

Skin is a very delicate and sensitive organ of the body, and it requires proper care and protection from harmful substances. Acne-prone skin requires more attention and care. If an individual has oily skin, then they should be advised to adopt a healthy cleansing habit and should try to remove cosmetics as soon as possible.

3.

What Ingredients Correct Acne?

Skin cleanser and frequent washing of the face with antibacterial soaps are required to keep oily skin clean and dry. Alpha hydroxy acid is helpful by doing peeling action on active acne lesions and reducing hyperpigmentation caused by acne scars.

4.

What Leads to Acne on the Face?

Acne is a chronic problem that usually occurs in adolescence. The main cosmetic concern in acne patients is unappealing blemishes produced by active acne lesions and the formation of hyperpigmentation and scars. Acne arises in different forms, and the classification of acne depends on its severity. It could be whitehead, blackhead, small pimple, large solid lumps, or painful pus-filled lumps.

5.

How to Prevent Acne Naturally?

Skincare is very important as the skin provides protection from heat and harmful substances, so taking care of the skin enhances its texture and makes the skin younger. Non-comedogenic cosmetic products can cause acne aggravation since individual susceptibility varies, and thus they should be avoided. Staying  hydrated all the time is another way to avoid acne naturally.

6.

Do Moisturizers Help Acne?

Moisturizers are recommended for combination skin. For example, if an individual has dryness in the outer zone of the face. Depending on the degree of dryness, oil in water or water in oil preparation is chosen for combination skin type moisturizer.

7.

What Is the Difference Between Acne and a Pimple?

Acne is a chronic problem that usually occurs in adolescence. The main cosmetic concern in acne patients is unappealing blemishes produced by active acne lesions and the formation of hyperpigmentation and scars. On the other hand, pimples are a symptom of acne which is the key difference between the two.

8.

Do Stress Cause Acne?

Skincare is very important as the skin provides protection from heat and harmful substances, so taking care of the skin enhances the texture and makes the skin younger. Stress management is also essential. Stress can cause acne and dark spots. It is, therefore, important to have a healthy state of mind.

9.

How to Remove Acne Scars?

Facial cosmetics, astringents, and toners containing alcohol should not be used on a regular basis. Skin cleanser and frequent washing of the face with antibacterial soaps are required to keep oily skin clean and dry. Oil-based cleansing creams and lotions should be avoided. Alpha hydroxy acid is helpful by doing peeling action on active acne lesions and reducing hyperpigmentation caused by acne scars.

10.

How Does Hormonal Acne Look Like?

 
- Papules that are tiny raised red bumps due to inflammation or infection.
- Pustules that are tiny red pus-filled pimples.
- Nodules that are similar to papules but bigger in size, in addition to being dense and painful.

11.

What Are the Types of Acne Scars?

Acne is a chronic problem that usually occurs in adolescence. The main cosmetic concern in acne patients is unappealing blemishes produced by active acne lesions and the formation of hyperpigmentation and scars. Acne arises in different forms- whitehead, blackhead, small pimple, large solid lumps, or painful pus-filled lumps. The scars can be of four types- hypertrophic, boxcar, rolling, and icepick.
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Dr. Suvash Sahu
Dr. Suvash Sahu

Dermatology

Tags:

hyperpigmentationoily faceacne scarssyndet soapnon-comedogenic cosmetic products
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