Antenatal Ultrasonography

Antenatal ultrasonography is a diagnostic test performed with the help of sound waves to create images of the developing fetus. It provides valuable information about the health of the mother, progression of the pregnancy, and the health of the developing fetus.

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What do my NT scan and double marker reports say?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 31 year old female. I am 12 weeks pregnant. I have received my NT scan and double marker reports. Below are the details: NT 0.70 mm, trisomy 21 and NT 1:675, trisomy 13/18.  Read Full »


Dr. Balakrishnan. R

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. How are you doing? Let me start by saying that you and your baby are absolutely fine. First of all, 31 years is not at all a risk factor. Only after 35 years, the risk of these genetic problems increases a lot, much more after 40 years. These factors are calculated usi...  Read Full »

Should I be worried about my second-trimester anomaly scan, which is positive for two markers?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 31 year old female. My first trimester NT and double marker test showed a very low risk of 1:3690 for DS and 1:100000 for two other abnormalities. During the second-trimester anomaly scan, the doctor found two markers, CP cyst and mild RPD 4 mm and 4.5 mm. I have given blood fo...  Read Full »


Dr. Deepti Verma

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your question and understand the concerns. The risk in serum screening is low. Choroid plexus cyst usually resolves by 26 weeks, if present as a normal variant. A renal pelvis more than 7 mm is abnormal, but more than 4 mm is doubtful. Hence, There ...  Read Full »

Is 4.77 mm nasal bone size normal for a nineteenth-week fetus?

Query: Hi doctor, During my TIFFA USG at 19 weeks and 1 day, the fetal nasal bone measured 0.44 mm. Will the fetal nasal bone develop after few weeks, or it indicates a short nasal bone? Or is it too early to conclude? The scan report showed the following: prominent bilateral pelvis, more on the right ...  Read Full »


Dr. Sameer Kumar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The standard thickness of the nasal bone ranges between 1.5 to 2.5 mm. Your fetal nasal bone thickness is less for the gestation period, and the presence of echogenic focus in the left ventricle indicates endocardial cushion defect, which is seen in the case of Down's syn...  Read Full »

Does absence of fetal heartbeat on ultrasound confirm abortion?

Query: Hello doctor, My wife is six weeks and five days pregnant. In the fourth week, she got pain in the stomach and back. So, there were two ultrasound reports. The first was taken in five weeks and six days where the gestational sac was 2.33 cm with no heartbeats found. The second ultrasound was six w...  Read Full »


Dr. Sravanthi Nuthalapati

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. This looks mostly look like a missed abortion. Usually by six weeks or later, the heartbeat appears on the scan provided. You seem to have regular periods. For more information consult an obstetrician and gynaecologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-d...  Read Full »

Can my baby still be normal even when the lateral ventricle size enlarges above 12 mm?

Query: Hello doctor,My wife is 26 weeks pregnant now. During her 20-week scan, the ultrasound showed 9 mm of lateral brain ventricle, and now 26 weeks of ultrasound is showing 11.5 mm of the lateral ventricle. So till the time of birth, can it be enlarged to more than 12 mm? So what should we do in this ca...  Read Full »


Dr. Manwani Saloni Dilip

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your concern regarding the size of the lateral ventricles. The lateral ventricle size between 10 to 15 mm is a mild increase, so it does not need any intervention. After the baby's birth, further evaluation might be done if needed. The only thing to...  Read Full »

My pregnancy USG reports indicate a bilateral choroid plexus cyst and echogenic intracardiac focus. What to do?

Query: Hello doctor,I am a 23-year-old female and 19 weeks pregnant. The ultrasonography reports are - a bilateral 5 mm choroid plexus cyst and a small echogenic intracardiac focus in the left ventricle. What does this mean? Please help. I take vitamin C tablets daily and had a double marker test during my...  Read Full »


Dr. Deepti Verma

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your query and understand your concern. I reviewed the report (attachment removed to protect patient's identity). In this situation, I suggest you go for an amniocentesis to confirm the fetal karyotype and rule out trisomy of 21 or Down's syndrome. The echogenic...  Read Full »

Why is the fetal heartbeat sounds not heard in my sister's ultrasound?

Query: Hi doctor, I want you to interpret the results of my sister's pregnancy test and ultrasound. She is six weeks pregnant now. Last time the doctor said he could not hear the baby's heartbeat. Can you help?  Read Full »


Dr. Reetika Joshi

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can fully understand your concern and will surely help you. I have gone through the details presented by you (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity). The blood test report and the hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) values are fine.The ul...  Read Full »

Kindly provide an opinion on my NT scan and double marker test.

Query: Hi doctor, I am 12 weeks 3 days pregnant. I got my NT scan and double marker blood test results. NT value 1.7 mm at CRL of 52.6 mm, free beta hCG 1.29 MOM, PAPP-A 0.37 MOM, trisomy 21+NT risk 1:513, trisomy 21 1:214 and trisomy 13/18+NT. What is your opinion?  Read Full »


Dr. Sameer Kumar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The NT value (nuchal translucency) is normal as it is less than 2.5 mm, but the overall trisomy 21 risks being 1:214 and together risk 1:513. This ideally calls for a quadruple test after one week. If the cut-off bar in the graph is over the cut-off line, then it calls...  Read Full »

Why did my wife's ultrasound show that the baby's growth was lagging by a month?

Query: Hi doctor, My wife is three months pregnant, and the doctor is telling that the baby is lagging in growth for about one month. The fetus heartbeat is good as per ultrasound, but the fetal growth is less. My wife's weight also dropped from 57 to 55 kg and recently, she is having stomach ache and back...  Read Full »


Dr. Sameer Kumar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The ultrasound report (attachment removed to protect patient identity) shows a baby of 9 weeks and 5 days. With the EDD and calculated date of conception, it is a case of delayed conception where the child is not lagging growth. It is likely that the mother had delayed...  Read Full »

My wife did a mammogram without knowing that she is pregnant. Kindly suggest.

Query: Hi doctor, My wife had a mammography test last month. It was around 26 days after LMP. She did not get her periods then. Now, after a month of mammography, her doctor has confirmed that she is pregnant. Please suggest.  Read Full »


Dr. Shravana Kumar Chinnikatti

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Mammogram delivers less dose and fetus will be far away from the radiation field. However, a close follow-up with ultrasound of the fetus and obstetrician is necessary. For further information consult a radiation oncologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doc...  Read Full »

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