HomeAnswersDiabetologytype 2 diabetes mellitusKindly provide guidance on managing and monitoring my diabetes.

How can type 2 diabetes be effectively managed and monitored?


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Published At February 23, 2024
Reviewed AtFebruary 23, 2024

Patient's Query

Hello doctor,

I have recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and I am looking for guidance on managing the condition. Can you provide insights into lifestyle changes, dietary recommendations, and potential medications that can help control blood sugar levels? Additionally, are there specific monitoring techniques I should adopt to track my progress in managing type 2 diabetes? Kindly help.

Answered by Dr. Raveendran S R


Welcome to icliniq.com.

I read your query and understood your concern. I suggest you follow the below-mentioned instructions:

Exercise: Engage in regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, swimming, or cycling. Exercise helps lower blood sugar levels and improves insulin sensitivity.

  1. Healthy diet: Focus on a balanced diet emphasizing whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Limit intake of refined carbohydrates, sugary foods, and excessive saturated fats.
  2. Weight management: Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight can improve insulin sensitivity. Consult with a healthcare professional to determine a suitable weight loss plan.
  3. Carbohydrate monitoring: Monitor your carbohydrate intake and choose complex carbohydrates with a low glycemic index. This helps in better blood sugar control.
  4. Portion control: Be mindful of portion sizes to avoid overeating. Eating smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day may help stabilize blood sugar levels.

I also suggest you take the below mentioned medications. I suggest you consult a specialist, talk with them, and take the medications with their consent.

  1. Oral medications: Depending on your sugar level.
  2. Insulin: Depending on your sugar level.

I suggest you follow below mentioned monitoring techniques:

  1. Regular blood sugar monitoring: Monitor your blood sugar levels once a month; if sugars are above 200, check weekly.
  2. A1c testing: This blood test provides an average of your blood sugar levels over the past two to three months. It is generally done every three months.
  3. Regular check-ups: Schedule regular check-ups with your doctor to discuss your progress, adjust medications if necessary, and address any concerns.
  4. Eye exams and foot care: Regular eye exams and foot care are important for managing potential complications associated with diabetes.
  5. Stress management: Chronic stress can affect blood sugar levels. Practice stress-reduction techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga.

I hope this has helped you. Kindly follow up if you have more doubts.

Thank you.

Same symptoms don't mean you have the same problem. Consult a doctor now!

Dr. Raveendran S R
Dr. Raveendran S R


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