Q. What are the reasons for vomiting blood?

Answered by
Dr. Muhammad Majid Hanif
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.
This is a premium question & answer published on Dec 13, 2016 and last reviewed on: Feb 24, 2023

Hello doctor,

My brother is 32 years old. He is suffering from a strange medical problem. For the last couple of years, he has been vomiting blood. The problem has got worsened recently, with the blood coming from the nose and the mouth. This happens at least three to four times a week. Because of this problem, he has become really weak and has lost a lot of weight in the past six months. He also has grade 3 hiatus hernia and PAN gastritis. We have seen many doctors to find out the root cause of his problem, but it was of no luck. I had taken him to a gastroenterologist, who asked us to see a hematologist as he did not find any reasons for vomiting blood. After a few tests, the hematologist asked us to see an ENT and now we are visiting an ENT specialist. He has recommended septoplasty for his nose as he thinks that will solve the problem. Several tests, including CT scan of the chest, ultrasound and endoscopy of the abdomen, CT scan of the PNS, blood tests like PT, PTT, fibrinogen and factor XIII have been done in the past for this problem, but nothing came out. Currently, he is taking Nasomist nasal spray and Liquid Paraffin. I am still not convinced if the procedure recommended by the ENT doctor will cure the root cause of the problem. Please help.



Welcome to

I have thoroughly gone through your case and can well understand your genuine health concerns. I want to assure you that, you do not have to worry as everything is going to be fine if proper care and treatment is opted.

The Probable causes:

This looks to me a case of epistaxis (bleeding from the nose) and it is not a simple one.

It has got two important medical reasons attached to the disease history.

1. His deviated nasal septum.

2. He has nasal polyps in the sinuses.

These two are the main concerns that need to be treated on a selective basis and surgery is the best option. As he also has GERD (gastroesophageal reflux) and hiatal hernia, he needs a proper time to time follow up with a gastroenterologist.

Treatment plan:

1. Endoscopic nasal septoplasty and polypectomy are the surgical procedures needed. It can be handled with care by experienced hands of an otorhinolaryngologist.

2. I suggest him Pantocid-L (Pantoprazole) for the stomach and esophagus issues. It will help to maintain normal motility of the stomach and will relieve acidity in the stomach. Consult your specialist doctor, discuss with him or her and take the medicines with consent.

Regarding follow up:

For further information consult an internal medicine physician online -->

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