Published on Apr 02, 2019 - 2 min read
Cancer is a disease that has been misunderstood for ages and is an enemy that can be thwarted with the right approach. Still, it is an enemy which should be avoided whenever possible.
Cancer is a disease that has been misunderstood for ages and is an enemy that can be thwarted with the right approach. Still, it is an enemy which should be avoided whenever possible. Many medical experts have defined cancer accurately, after understanding and elucidating the basic principles of cancer biology.
However, to a non-medical person, cancer still is a disease to be feared, which is not understood and something at which doctors have failed to find a definite cure, in other words, cancer is thought to be a disease which embarks a death sentence and its just a matter of time. During my residency, my senior consultant used to say that "Cancer is one disease which no patient will brag." Unfortunately, these fears are not absurd, since it is known to recur even after a decade.
How Is Cancer Formed?
Cancer results from a single cell gone rogue. For basic understanding purpose, a cell is the smallest unit of any living organism. Normally these cells multiply and grow under controlled circumstances and in absolute synchrony so that the result is our body can perform all the functions without any discomfort. This control resides in our genes. However due to any reason, if the cell starts disrespecting this control and multiplies at its own free will, it gives rise to a group of cells which grow, feeds upon nutrition destined for our normal cells, and spread to different areas of our body via different channels. This group of cells is called cancer. Another special feature of cancer is that it never dies on its own and has to be killed.
What Are the Causes of Cancer?
The reason for any cell turning rogue is multifactorial, but the basic principle is an insult to the normal cell. Certain reasons are non-modifiable, such as faulty genes, like having a car with faulty brakes. Cancer controlling genes are usually of two types-
These two types of genes work in harmony such that the cell growth is controlled. However, due to fault in either one of them can result in cancer. Consider a car with faulty brakes and increased acceleration, such a car is doomed.
These genes can be faulty because of heredity or because of personal habits. These personal habits are modifiable factors which we should avoid as much as practically possible. These habits include:
Our actions result in our destruction. These habits cause constant damage to the cells until one cell reverts with a do not care attitude and forms an army against us. Being a part of our body, this cell knows everything about us, but we know very little. Nevertheless, many great doctors, researchers, scientists, and cancer patients have contributed and improved our understanding of this disease, which has finally challenged the dogma of imminent death once diagnosed with cancer.
Query: Hello doctor, Is it possible to have testicular cancer for five years and not know it? I have had a small lump near my right testis for five years now and my doctor says it is nothing to worry about. However, my lymph node on that side is swollen and I have frequent stomachaches. But it has been thi... Read Full »
Article Overview: Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the developed world and is on the rise among all age groups and social strata. The eye is also not spared from cancerous afflictions and has a whole plethora of cancerous and precancerous conditions that require proper evaluation and care by ophthalmologists. This article looks at the main cancers of the eye and has been written to be a basic guide to the common man about what important symptoms s/he will need to be concerned about and those problems that would need an immediate consultation with an ophthalmologist. Read Article
Cancer is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the developed world and is on the rise amongst all age groups and social strata. The eye is also not spared from cancerous afflictions and has a whole plethora of cancerous and precancerous conditions that require proper evaluation and care by ... Read Article
Query: Hello doctor, I am 29 years old and I am worried about bone cancer. I have had two CT scans for kidney stones around my abdomen area as a total of 7 msv. I also had a CT scan of my head. I read that the radiation can cause bone cancer. Should I be worried? Is it a low dose and not to worry? There i... Read Full »
Do you have a question on Cancer or Treatment Of Cancer?Ask a Doctor Online