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Montelukast - Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Drug Warnings, and Precautions

Published on Feb 23, 2022 and last reviewed on May 06, 2022   -  7 min read

Abstract

Montelukast is a leukotriene inhibitor, which is used for treating asthma attacks in adults and children. Learn about its uses, dosage, drug warnings, side effects, precautions, drug interactions, and more.

Contents
Montelukast - Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Drug Warnings, and Precautions

Overview:

Montelukast was introduced in 1990, and it was approved for clinical use by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) with the brand name Singulair. This drug belongs to the class leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA). Leukotrienes are chemical substances that the body releases when inhaling allergens. As it was realized that cysteinyl leukotrienes are essential mediators of bronchial asthma, efforts were made to develop their antagonists and synthesis inhibitors. Now, three leukotriene receptor antagonists, Montelukast, Pranlukast, and Zafirlukast, are available.

Montelukast is used in addition to inhaled corticosteroids, demonstrating its effectiveness in asthma therapy. In addition, it may cause serious life-threatening mental changes when it is misused or stopped abruptly.

Composition:

This tablet contains

  1. Active Ingredient: Montelukast sodium.
  2. Inactive Ingredients:

Drug Group:

Montelukast belongs to the class of drugs called leukotriene receptor antagonists (LRAs). This drug stops the narrowing of airways caused by inflammation, thus promoting easier breathing. Also, it helps to prevent episodes of asthma and other allergies.

What Is Montelukast Used For?

The uses of Montelukast are as follows,

  1. Prophylactic in Bronchial Asthma: It helps prevent asthma symptoms such as wheezing and shortness of breath.
  1. It is useful in Aspirin-induced asthma.
  2. It is useful in exercise-induced asthma (bronchospasm) and is usually taken before starting exercises to prevent breathing problems.
  3. It helps to decrease the number of asthma attacks.
  4. It decreases the usage of the rescue inhaler.
  5. It is helpful to relieve hay fever symptoms.
  6. Allergic rhinitis - It is used in perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis to relieve,

Note: It is not useful in COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

How Does Montelukast Work?

  1. Bronchodilation.
  2. Reduced sputum eosinophil count.
  3. Suppression of bronchial inflammation.
  4. Discharge of mucus.
  5. Hyperreactivity.
  1. Bronchoconstriction.
  2. Stimulate mucus secretion.
  3. Increase capillary permeability, which leads to pulmonary edema.
  4. Increase in population of eosinophils.

Actions:

In asthmatics, Montelukast helps to -

Onset Of Action:

Montelukast has 64% of oral bioavailability and is well absorbed orally. It is highly bound to plasma protein and is metabolized by CYP2C9 and CYP3A4 as well. It reaches its peak plasma concentration at 3 to 4 hours of taking the drug, which helps to reduce leukotriene levels in the body.

Expiry Date:

Avoid taking this medicine after it expires. The Montelukast tablet does not work and may lead to serious side effects when it is taken beyond the expiry date. So before taking medicine, verify the expiry date printed on the back of the pack or ask your pharmacist or doctor in case of any doubts.

What Is the Dosage and Administration of Montelukast?

Dosage and administration of Montelukast depend on the following,

Preparations and Doses:

The available forms of Montelukast for both adults and children are,

Montelukast for both adults and children

Usual Dosage of Montelukast:

Usual Dosage of Montelukast

Montelukast Dosage for Elderly patients:

Patients with Both Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis:

For patients above 12 years of age, suffering from asthma and allergic rhinitis, one dose to be taken at bedtime.

How to Use Montelukast?

  1. Before using this medicine, ask your doctor if you have any questions or doubts.
  2. As directed by the doctor, this medicine is taken by mouth with or without food.
  3. Chewable tablets - Before swallowing, chew them thoroughly and if your child cannot chew, consult the doctor for more advice.
  4. Every day, take medicine at the same time.
  1. Taking more than one dose in 24 hours.
  2. Taking a dose before exercise if already taking this medication for asthma or allergies.
  3. Suddenly stopping the medicine or increasing or decreasing the dose by yourself.

Missed Dose:

Usually, Montelukast is taken as instructed by the doctor, and in case if your doctor has instructed you to take it regularly, the missed dose can be taken as soon as you remember it. But if it is time for the next dose, you do not want to take the missed dose, and you can continue with your regular dosing schedule. Also, do not take a double dose in order to compensate for a missed one.

What Are the Drug Warnings and Precautions?

  1. Montelukast should not be given for acute asthma attacks, including status asthmaticus.
  2. Chewable tablets of Montelukast may contain Phenylalanine, so talk to your doctor before using it if you have phenylketonuria.
  3. Do have appropriate rescue medication.
  4. Do not take Montelukast with aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) when you are aspirin-sensitive.
  5. Do not take Montelukast when bronchoconstriction has resulted from Aspirin or NSAIDs.
  6. Do not abruptly substitute Montelukast for corticosteroids, and it should be gradually reduced.
  7. Do not take the medication on your own or change the dosage because it is reported to have neuropsychiatric events.
  8. Pregnancy - Montelukast has no acceptable risks when used during the period of pregnancy.
  9. Lactation - Using Montelukast during lactation should be discussed with the doctor because it is unknown whether it is excreted in breast milk.
  10. Keep it out of children’s reach because it can lead to behavioral changes and serious life-threatening side effects when it is misused.

What Are the Side Effects of Montelukast?

The following are the most common side effects, and they usually go within a few days to weeks. But if it becomes severe and persists for more than a couple of weeks, seek a doctor.

Serious side effects should be given care and treated immediately. If you feel any of the symptoms for a prolonged period, get emergency medical care as these symptoms are life-threatening. Serious side effects are,

  1. Numbness of the arms and legs.
  2. Fever.
  3. Cold sweats.
  4. Swelling of the sinuses.
  5. Muscle aches.
  1. Red rashes.
  2. Swelling of the face.
  3. Skin pain.
  4. Hives.
  5. Swelling of the tongue.
  1. Fever.
  2. Muscle aches.
  3. Numbness of the arms and legs.
  4. Cold sweats.
  1. Skin - From cuts.
  2. Urine.
  3. Feces.
  1. Tremors.
  2. Bad dreams.
  3. Anxiety.
  4. Confusion.
  5. Hallucination.
  6. Sleepwalking.
  7. Restlessness.
  8. Agitation.
  9. Sleeping trouble.
  10. Suicidal thoughts.

What Are the Drug Interactions of Montelukast?

  1. Certain drugs can change their effect when it interacts with other drugs or herbal products, increasing the risk of serious side effects and causing the medications not to work properly. So, it is essential to tell your doctor all the prescription, nonprescription, and herbal medicines you are taking.
  2. If you have already faced drug interactions with this drug and even though you have instructed the doctor, you have been prescribed with Montelukast, do not stop or change the dosage because the doctor will take you on a follow-up or have close monitoring of the drug.
  3. Montelukast does not cause severe interactions but is known to have serious interactions with,

4. Always keep a list of all the medications you take, and share with your doctor or pharmacist to know health questions or concerns.

5. Ask your doctor for additional medical advice, concerns, or more information about this medicine.

What Are the Common Brand or Trade Names of Montelukast?

The common brand or trade names of Montelukast are,

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Last reviewed at:
06 May 2022  -  7 min read

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