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Nasal Polyps - Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Complications, Diagnosis and Treatment

Published on Apr 27, 2022 and last reviewed on Jun 23, 2022   -  5 min read

Abstract

A nasal polyp is a painless condition that can occur in the nose but requires treatment. Read the article below to know more.

Contents

What Are Nasal Polyps?

Nasal polyps are often a soft and painless growth that can happen in the nasal passages and sinuses. They are noncancerous growth that can occur from any allergy, immune problems, sensitivity to drugs, asthma, and other related infections. The nasal polyps can differ in size and shape. If the nasal polyps are very small, symptoms are not noticeable. The larger growths might cause discomfort in the nose. Nasal polyps can occur at any age. Treatment can be given with the help of both medications and surgery.

How Does a Nasal Polyp Occur?

In general, the nasal mucosa is a moist environment. It serves as a protective covering for the sinuses and nose. It also helps in the humidification of the air that one breathes. When there is a continuous irritation or inflammation in the nostril, it can result in the swelling of the nose. This can make the nasal mucosa appear red and inflamed. The fluid starts dripping out from the nose. This affected nasal mucosa can result in the formation of nasal growth called nasal polyps. It can appear like a cyst and can block the airway.

What Are the Causes of Nasal Polyps?

Some people are known to develop nasal polyps without any problems in the nose. The common causes (and associations) of nasal polyps are:

What Are the Symptoms of Nasal Polyps?

Due to the nasal polyps, the areas of the nose, eyes, and cheek bones are affected. Many people do not realize they have a small nasal polyp because of the absence of nerve sensations. If the patient has sinus infections, then they might experience a headache.

The common symptoms of nasal polyps are:

What Are the Risk Factors Associated With Nasal Polyp?

The risk factors that are associated with nasal polyps are:

What Are the Complications of Nasal Polyps?

Complications due to nasal polyps can occur due to the inflammation and blockage of the nose. The fluid drainage is also restricted in some patients.

The known complications of nasal polyp are:

How Is a Nasal Polyp Diagnosed?

Nasal polyp requires a physical examination by the doctor. The medical history of the patient is also carefully recorded.

The various techniques that are employed for the purpose of diagnosis are:

What Are the Treatment Options for Nasal Polyps?

Nasal polyps require great effort to get treated completely. The main aim of the treatment is to reduce inflammation and other swellings.

What Are the Precautionary Measures to Be Followed?

By following the below tips, it is possible to prevent conditions like nasal polyps.

When Does the Patient Require Medical Help?

The patient requires emergency medical help in the following circumstances:

Conclusion:

Nasal polyps are treatable conditions with a good outcome. These can cause discomfort and interfere with normal breathing. Do not postpone your doctor's appointment if you have strained breathing and suspect some growth or blockage inside your nose. Identifying it early when they are small can help treat them with medications. Consult an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist online for further queries.

Frequently Asked Questions


1.

How to Remove a Nasal Polyp?

A nasal polyp can only be removed by surgery. However, medications are given initially to avoid its increase in size.

2.

What Is the Appearance of a Nasal Polyp?

A nasal polyp appears like a grape on its stalk. Due to this, it is also known as a pedunculated polyp.

3.

What Are the Symptoms of a Nasal Polyp?

Following are the symptoms of a nasal polyp:

A runny or stuffed-up nose.

Sneezing.

Loss of taste or smell.

Mouth breathing.

Snoring.

Headaches.

Pain (in some cases).

4.

What Feeling Does a Nasal Polyp Give?

Nasal polyps are soft and are devoid of sensation, particularly the small ones. However, large or multiple nasal polyps may block the nasal passages and sinuses.

5.

What Is the Duration of a Nasal Polyp Surgery?

Depending on the size and location of the nasal polyps, the surgery takes approximately 30 minutes or more.

6.

Why Do Nasal Polyps Bleed?

Nasal polyps do not usually bleed. However, slight bleeding can occur from capillaries sometimes. If there is more bleeding, then the doctor should be consulted immediately.

7.

What Diet Can Be Taken After a Nasal Polyp Surgery?

After a nasal polyp surgery, cool and bland food should be consumed for the first 24 hours; then, for the next few days, soft and simple food is advised.

8.

What Are the Complications of an Untreated Nasal Polyp?

The complications of an untreated nasal polyp are as follows:

Nasal blockage.

Difficulty in nasal breathing.

Frequent sinus infections.

In severe cases, nasal widening can occur, and if left untreated for a long period, the continuous pressure can cause the narrowing of the space between the eyes, and the face appears enlarged.

In rare cases, polyps can grow uncontrollably and cause damage to the structures in the vicinity, like the eyes or brain.

Polyps can also cause bleeding and may even lead to anemia.

Polyps, in a few cases, can affect the olfactory sensation permanently.

Nose polyps can also cause more serious issues like:

Chronic sinus infections.

Asthma flare-ups.

Obstructive sleep apnea.

Meningitis.

Blood clots.

Aneurysms.

In some uncommon conditions, polyps can even compress nerves and may affect vision.

9.

Are Nasal Polyps Dangerous?

No, nasal polyps are not usually serious.

10.

Can Nasal Polyps Vanish on Their Own?

No, nasal polyps do not go away on their own and need to be surgically removed.

11.

How to Reduce Polyps at Home?

Nasal polyps cannot be shrunk completely at home. However, there are certain methods that can help reduce them slightly. They are as follows:

By using nasal irrigation or neti pot.

Steam inhalation.

Tea tree oil.

Chamomile solution.

Butterbur.

Peppermint oil.

Eucalyptus oil.

By including garlic, ginger, and turmeric in the food.

12.

Can Nasal Polyps Be Felt With a Finger?

Yes, nasal polyps can be felt with a finger. They are soft and have a tear drop-like shape.

13.

What Is the Fastest Way to Reduce Nasal Polyps?

Nasal drops of antibiotics and corticosteroids help in shrinking nasal polyps in 7 to 15 days, depending on their size.

14.

For How Long, Do Nasal Polyps Stays?

As the first line of treatment, drugs are given to reduce the polyps for around four to six weeks.

15.

Which Is the Best Drug Used as a Spray for Nasal Polyps?

Corticosteroids like Fluticasone Propionate and Mometasone Furoate in the form of spray are considered the best for treating nasal polyps.

16.

Which Is the Best Drug for Nasal Polyps?

For treating nasal polyps, oral corticosteroids are the best medicine.

17.

Which Conditions Predispose Nasal Polyp Surgery?

Nasal polyps need to be surgically removed if the non-surgical treatment does not show results and if the polyps severely affect the quality of life.

18.

Is Nasal Polyp Surgery Painful?

Nasal polyp surgery is done under anesthesia. However, bleeding and pain can occur for three to five days post-surgery.

19.

What Happens After Surgical Removal of Nasal Polyps?

After surgical removal of nasal polyps, symptoms are relieved. However, bleeding and pain occur for a few days after surgery, and the polyps may even regrow after some years.

20.

Is Nasal Polyp Removal Regarded a Surgery?

Nasal polyp removal is done by a technique known as sinus surgery, which is less invasive and is an outpatient procedure.

21.

What Do You Understand by Grade 3 Nasal Polyps?

Grade 3 nasal polyps mean that the polyps extend beyond the middle meatus of the nose.

Last reviewed at:
23 Jun 2022  -  5 min read

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