Hair Care

Everything You Need to Know About Hair Transplants

Written by Dr. Pratap Chandra Jena Jena and medically reviewed by Dr. Sneha Kannan

 
Image: Everything You Need to Know About Hair Transplants

Overview

Hair transplants are done to add more hair to a zone on your head that might have hair thinning or hair loss. It is done by taking hair from denser areas of the scalp and joining it to the thinning or hair loss segment of the scalp. Around the globe, around 60 % of men and 50 % of women experience some kind of hair loss. To cover this, individuals use over-the-counter things, including topical drugs like Minoxidil (Rogaine).

Hair transplant is another recovery method. The first transplant was performed in 1939 in Japan with single scalp hair. In the present decades, doctors developed the "plug" strategy. This incorporates transplanting vast tufts of hair. After some time, surgeons started utilizing small miniaturized scale unions to limit the appearance of transplanted hair on the scalp.

Do Hair Transplants Work?

Hair transplants are regularly more effective than over-the-counter hair recovery items. But there are a few factors to consider:

  • Anywhere from 10 to 80 percent of transplanted hair will grow normally in three to four months.
  • Like typical hair, the transplanted hair will thin after some time.
  • People with torpid hair follicles (sacs that ordinarily contain hair underneath the skin, however, no longer grow hair) may have less effective transplants, an investigations suggest that plasma treatment can help up to 75 % of transplanted hair completely grow back.
  • Hair transplants do not work for everyone. They are primarily used to re-establish hair in case you have hair loss or thinning or have lost hair as a result of damage.
  • Most transplants are finished with your present hair, so they are not as fruitful for treating individuals with widespread thinning and baldness, hair loss due to chemotherapy or drug, and thick scalp scars from damage.

How Much Do Hair Transplants Cost?

The cost of hair transplants depend on:

  • The extent of the transplant procedure.
  • Availability of surgeons in your area.
  • Experience of the surgeon.
  • Surgical technique picked.

Since hair transplants are restorative procedures, health insurance will not pay for the procedure.

How Does a Hair Transplant Work?

Fundamentally, a hair transplant takes hair you have and put it in a zone where you do not have hair. It is normally taken from the back of your head or from different parts of your body. Before you start the transplant, your surgeon analyzes the zone where the hair will be collected and numbs it with a local anesthetic. You can likewise ask for sedation to remain calm during the procedure. Your surgeon will perform one of two transplant procedures:

  1. Follicular unit transplantation (FUT).
  2. Follicular unit extraction (FUE).

Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT):

FUT is known as follicular unit strip medical procedure (FUSS). To play out a FUT strategy, your surgeon pursues these means:

  1. Using a surgical blade, the surgeon expels a bit of your scalp, usually from the back of your head. The strip gauge is regularly around 6 to 10 inches long, however, it can stretch out from ear to ear.
  2. They close the zone where the scalp was expelled with sutures.
  3. Your surgeon and their help separate the scalp strips into little pieces with a surgical tool. They may chapter the piece up into the same number of starting at 2,000 littler chapters, called unions. A portion of these unions may contain only a solitary hair each.
  4. Utilizing a needle or bleeding edge, the surgeon makes little openings in your scalp where hair will be transplanted.
  5. The surgeon embeds hairs from the evacuated bit of scalp into the cut gaps. This progression is called joining.
  6. They can cover the surgical site with bandage or cloth.

The number of unions you get relies upon the:

  • Type of hair you have.
  • Size of transplant site.
  • Quality (counting thickness) of hair.
  • Hair shading.

Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE):

To play out an FUE technique, your surgeon makes this means:

  • They shave off the hair on the back of your head.
  • The surgeon by then expels solitary follicles from the scalp skin. You will see little dimples where every follicle was taken.
  • Unite hair follicles into the openings.
  • They at that point cover the surgical site with bandages or dressing.

Recovery

FUT and FUE may each take a few hours to a few days to heal. It relies on the work performed by the surgeon. You will return home around the same time as the procedure. At the point when the medical procedure is done, your surgeon cautiously evacuates any bandage. The area may be swollen, so your surgeon may inject Triamcinolone into the area to hold the swelling down. You will likely feel pain or soreness at the transplant zone similarly as in the region where hair was taken from. For a few days, your surgeon may recommend:

  1. Pain medicines, for example, Ibuprofen (Advil).
  2. Antibiotics to forestall diseases.
  3. Anti-inflammatory, for example, an oral steroid, to reduce swelling.
  4. Finasteride (Propecia) or Minoxidil (Rogaine) to help hair growth.

Things to Do After a Hair Transplant Procedure:

  1. Wait two or three days after the medical procedure to wash your hair. Simply use delicate shampoos for a couple of weeks.
  2. You should almost certainly come back to work in 3 days.
  3. Do not press a brush or search down over the new joins for around 3 weeks.
  4. Do not wear any tops or pullover shirts and coats until your doctor expresses it is fine.
  5. Do not exercise for around seven days.
  6. Try not to stress if a few hair drop out. This is a part of the procedure. Transplanted hair may not develop much.

Hair Transplant Reactions:

The most usual symptom is scarring, and this cannot be prevented by any procedure. The other side effects are:

  • Infections.
  • Pus may form in the surgical site.
  • Scalp pain, tingling, and swelling.
  • Inflammation of hair follicles (folliculitis).
  • Dying.
  • Losing sensation around the surgical areas.
  • Visible zone of hair that does not coordinate the encompassing hair.

Minoxidil and Finasteride can likewise cause side effects like:

  • Irritated scalp.
  • Dizziness.
  • Chest pain.
  • Headaches.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Hand and foot swelling.
  • Sexual dysfunction.

How to Choose a Hair Transplant Surgeon?

Here are a couple of tips for when you are searching for a hair transplant surgeon:

  • Always select an authorized and board certified surgeon.
  • Confirm the record of effective transplant procedure, and demand to see a portfolio.

Takeaway:

Talk with your doctor or a transplant surgeon before you get a hair transplant procedure done. Understand that neither one of the procedures is ensured fruitful and scarring is a hazard. You may likewise not be qualified for either procedure based on your hair volume or quality.

 
Last reviewed at: 17.Apr.2019

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