Published on Oct 24, 2013 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018 - 2 min read
PVD is very common in the elderly, especially smokers and hypertensives. This causes pain in the legs and even open wounds. When found early, medication can help. Severe cases need an angioplasty or even open surgery.
Peripheral Vascular Disease or PVD is a disease of the arteries of the legs caused by deposition of cholesterol and other fats. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the most common form of PVD.This causes less blood to flow through the arteries and causes symptoms from this reduced blood supply.
Depending on the severity, symptoms can be
Mild disease can be treated by lifestyle modification and medications. Severe disease can be treated by Angioplasty and Stenting. This is done in a Cath Lab (catheterization laboratory) and is done via a small pin hole access in the groin. Small instruments like catheters and wires are used to reach the blocked artery and blocks are opened by inflating appropriately sized balloons across the blocks. Stents can also be placed to scaffold the treated segments and help the artery to remain open. Long segment occlusions can need surgical bypass graft placement.
Typically the patient gets admitted the day before the procedure, certain tests are done to determine the Kidney and Cardiac function. The procedure is done the next morning. Since the angioplasty is done via a small pin hole over the groin, there is very little down time. You can walk around 6 hours after the procedure and go home the next day.
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