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Understanding Low Back Pain

Published on Jan 25, 2019 and last reviewed on Jun 28, 2022   -  4 min read

Abstract

Lower back pain can be caused due to an injury, disease, or a medical condition. This article will discuss lower back pain in detail.

Contents
Understanding Low Back Pain

Introduction:

Low back pain is the second most common ailment, with the common cold being the first. Previously, low back pain was considered age-related, that is, mostly seen in older individuals. So, it was considered a pain due to weak muscles and weak bones. But nowadays, back pain is quite common in the young population and even in small school-going children. There have been a lot of studies going on to reveal the exact cause of low back pain. There have been studies about posture, daily physical activities, work ergonomics, etc.

Going back in time, around 100 years back, when the world had fewer technologies and there were no smart gadgets available, the lifestyle of a normal person was completely different from the present day. A young man used to go to his or her school, college, or workplace on foot. He used to walk for 10 km or more a day. He used to do farming or take care of pets which itself was a heavy job. Keeping in mind that picture, let us talk about the current situation.

These days, we have smart gadgets. With one click, one can have food or a taxi or almost anything at his door. Physical activity has significantly reduced. Automobiles are easily available to everyone. We hardly need to walk the whole day. We give more time on our mobiles as compared to our friends. You must be wondering, we are all aware of this fact, but how is it connected to low back pain?

Our physical activity has reduced which, is responsible for weak core muscles. Most of the time, we are on mobiles or laptops which is responsible for improper posture. Our spine is not made to bear weight in that posture. In one study, it was found that our spine has to bear 50 % more weight in a slump sitting position as compared to a standing position. The slump sitting position is the same as when we are working on computers.

What Are the Symptoms of Lower Back Pain?

A person can experience lower back pain at any instance. In fact, the causes can differ from person to person. One individual may feel lower back pain while bending, and some may feel the pain while sitting.

The most common signs and symptoms of lower back pain are,

What Are a Few Conditions or Diseases That Can Cause Lower Back Pain?

As mentioned earlier, lower back pain can be caused by medical conditions and diseases apart from injuries. The common injuries and diseases that cause lower back pain are,

How to Diagnose the Conditions Causing Lower Back Pain?

The causes of lower back pain can be diagnosed with the help of the following tools.

How to Treat Lower Back Pain?

An orthopedician and physiotherapist together will treat the lower back pain depending on the severity.

What Are the Self-Remedies for Lower Back Pain?

To start, you should know your back pain first.

1. Do regular core muscle strengthening exercises:

2. Maintain proper posture:

3. Walk daily for 4 km at a stretch:

Conclusion:

Lower back pain can be mild and miserable sometimes. Often extreme pain is associated with some serious medical condition. It is always advisable to care for the first sign of lower back pain as, at times, it may progress to cause non-reversible damages.

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Last reviewed at:
28 Jun 2022  -  4 min read

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Dr. Anuj Gupta

Dr. Anuj Gupta

Orthopedics And Traumatology

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