Women's Health

How to Cure Bacterial Vaginosis Effectively?

Written by
Dr. Vasantha K S
and medically reviewed by Dr. Veena Madhankumar

Published on Sep 11, 2018 and last reviewed on Mar 11, 2019   -  1 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Bacterial vaginosis, although more common in women who are sexually active, can also occur in women who have never had sexual contact. So, it is not classified as a typical STI and is easily treatable.

How to Cure Bacterial Vaginosis Effectively?

There are both good and harmful bacteria present in a healthy vagina. They live together in a delicate balance. But, certain situations can cause the number of harmful bacteria to go up and cause trouble. This condition is known as bacterial vaginosis (BV).

Causes

Bacterial vaginosis is caused by an imbalance in the levels of any of the naturally occurring bacteria such as Lactobacillus, Bacteroides, Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium, Eubacterium, etc.

Signs and Symptoms

  1. Excessive vaginal discharge which is thin and watery in consistency and greyish white in color.
  2. Foul odor in the vagina.
  3. Noticeably increased discharge and fishy odor after sexual intercourse.
  4. Increased vaginal pH.

Risk Factors

The situations which increase the risk of a woman developing BV are as follows:

  • Being sexually active.
  • Having a new sex partner.
  • Having multiple sex partners.
  • Cigarette smoking.
  • Vaginal douching.
  • Using intrauterine birth control devices.
  • Engaging in oral sex.
  • Engaging in anal sex.
  • Antibiotic usage.
  • Use of vaginal deodorants.

Investigations

  • Pelvic examination.
  • Manual examination of ovaries and uterus.
  • Swab sample examination.
  • Whiff test.

Treatment

Antibiotic tablets and gels are prescribed by the doctor to treat the condition. Metronidazole is the antibiotic of choice. But, if the infection recurs, Clindamycin or Tinidazole may be prescribed. The duration of the antibiotic course may vary from one-day or five-day to a seven-day course depending on the severity and rate of recurrence of the infection.

It is not necessary for male partners to be treated simultaneously but female partners with symptoms are to be treated simultaneously as it can pass on from one woman to another.

Last reviewed at:
11 Mar 2019  -  1 min read

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Related Questions & Answers


Am I having recurrent BV because of unprotected sex?

Query: Hello doctor,I have recurring BV and I do not know why. I have stopped taking baths, I do not douche, I never use any scented products. I am in a monogamous relationship. I just realized that my fiance washes his penis with shampoo, and we have unprotected sex. Could this be why I cannot seem to get...  Read Full >>


Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Hassan Shoukat
Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. BV (bacterial vaginosis) is not a sexually transmitted disease. It is just an abnormal change in your normal bacterial flora. I would recommend using tablet Metronidazole 2000 mg once or you can use Clindamycin 5 % vaginal creams once for five days. That is available ov...  Read Full

May I know the treatment for vaginal infection?

Query: Hi doctor, I have got some vaginal infection. I feel itching, burning and some kind of cut and marks on my vagina. I would like to know the treatment for this. Please help.  Read Full >>


Dr. Neha Singh Rathod
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Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Please get yourself checked by a gynecologist internally.¬†Also, get a vaginal swab test done. I suggest you apply the Candid B cream (Clotrimazole and Beclomethasone dipropionate) locally till then. Please consult your doctor, discuss with him or her and take the medicin...  Read Full

What is the problem for having vaginal discharge, itching and irritation while peeing?

Query: Hi doctor, I have bleeding after sex. I have pain while having sex. I have vaginal discharge and irritation while peeing and itching. Is this an infection or something else? I took an Unwanted 72 before three days.  Read Full >>


Dr. Sameer Kumar
Family Physician, Obstetrician And Gynaecologist, Infertility Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Post-coital bleeding often occurs due to cervical erosions or cervicitis. It shows increased vaginal discharge, and it can lead to secondary urinary tract infection with burning sensation and irritation during urination. So meet your gynecologist for a speculum examinat...  Read Full

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