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Q. Is it necessary to shave beard before a general anesthesia?

Answered by
Dr. Jadhav Yatish Anant
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.
This is a premium question & answer published on May 11, 2018 and last reviewed on: Oct 09, 2018

Hello doctor,

I am scheduled next week for out-patient surgery to have a malignant tumor removed from my bladder via a catheter inserted into my urethra. Before that, the anesthesiologist will administer a general anesthetic as well as a muscle-relaxant to keep me from kicking when under. The procedure also involves administration of something. I am not clear whether it is anesthetic or just oxygen via face mask. Here is my question. I have invested the past couple of years in growing a full, bushy beard. The RN assigned by my HMO told me I would have to shave, or trim down (way down), my beard in order to get a good seal for the mask. Is this really necessary? Is it possible that the nurse was speaking on the basis of a hygienic or even aesthetic concern about my beard rather than on the basis of a sincere concern about the possibility of a little gas (be it anesthetic or oxygen) escaping out the side of the mask? I mean, if the concern is really a hygienic one, I will be happy to shampoo the beard the night before as I had planned to do anyway.

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Hi,

Welcome to icliniq.com.

That is worth a concern for both for your anesthesiologist and you too. Let me elaborate it to you. General anesthesia involves making a person unconscious and making him totally relaxed by giving a medication called muscle relaxant. With unconsciousness and muscle relaxation, a person cannot breathe by himself under general anesthesia so he has to be administered oxygen with help of a bag and mask ventilation supplying positive airway pressure so that his lungs expand during controlled inspiration and relax during passive expiration. Hence this procedure requires a good mask fit on your face so that your anesthesiologist is able to ventilate your lungs with life-sustaining oxygen.

Also as I read in your history you are weighing 97.52 kg with a BMI of 41.99. You are considerably overweight which means you would require more concentration of oxygen during general anesthesia. So an overweight patient with a bushy beard is always a challenge for an anesthesiologist. To achieve a good mask fit in such a patient is always difficult in order to provide oxygen and other inhalational anesthetic agents effectively. So, it is not that hygiene is a concern but it is a safe administration of general anesthesia a major concern in your case. I would suggest, consult your anesthesiologist for a spinal anesthesia which involves anesthetizing lower half of your body in which bladder tumor surgery can be performed. This would avoid general anesthesia and would also save your beard.

For more information consult an anesthesiologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/anesthesiologist


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