HomeAnswersCosmetologyhiv risk factorsI stepped on a sharp needle. Can I get HIV?

Can HIV be transmitted by stepping on a needle on the road?


The following is an actual conversation between an iCliniq user and a doctor that has been reviewed and published as a Premium Q&A.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. K. Shobana

Published At August 7, 2018
Reviewed AtMay 6, 2024

Patient's Query

Hello doctor,

Is it possible for someone to get HIV by stepping down on a needle thrown on the road? A few days back, I stepped down on something, but I am not sure if that was an injection or something else. When I came home, I saw there was a blood clot in my foot. I am worried. Can I go for a test and which test is conclusive after one month and what is the window period of the fourth generation an/ab test? After taking fourth generation test after one month, is there need of retesting? What is the actual window period, some say one month and others says three months?


Welcome to icliniq.com.

Theoretically, it is possible, but practically no such cases have been reported. So, no need of testing and retesting too.

Patient's Query

Thank you doctor,

Does it mean no need to worry and no need for testing? I see on the internet that the virus dies within seconds outside the body. Is it possible a horizontally lying needle can pass through my slipper and hurt my foot? I am not sure what that was and I did not feel anything.


Welcome back to icliniq.com.

HIV virus can survive for weeks under suitable conditions but not in such cases. Even if the needle pricked, there is nothing to worry. Needle pricking only matters in occupational settings where doctors and nurses are pricked by a needle which is being used in HIV positive persons. So, nothing to worry at all.

Same symptoms don't mean you have the same problem. Consult a doctor now!

Dr. Atishay Bukharia
Dr. Atishay Bukharia


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