Is it safe to take oral contraceptive pill?

Q. Is it safe to take oral contraceptive pill?

Answered by
Dr. Dattaprasad Balasaheb Inamdar
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.
This is a premium question & answer published on Nov 23, 2015 and last reviewed on: Jun 20, 2023

Hi doctor,

My girlfriend had irregular periods and USG pelvis showed PCOD. So, she is taking COCP. In spite of taking the drug properly, she missed her period this month. Is anything wrong with her? What to do now? Does she need to continue the drug? Or should she stop it? I heard that COCP may cause cancer. Is COCP safe for her to use? How long she can use it? Or please prescribe a medication for her which she can continue safely to solve the problem of menstrual irregularity.



Welcome to

Combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is absolutely safe for her. It does not cause cancer (low dose COCP). Just check the content of COCP which she is taking. If dose of Estrogen (Ethinyl estradiol) is 20 or 30 mcg, she can safely continue the medicine. In fact, COCP in such a case prevents endometrial cancer due to its progesterone content. Regarding missed period, it normally does not happen with COCP. Normally period starts between 3 and 15 days of stopping the last tablet in the pack. If it has been more than 15 days since last tablet, consult a gynecologist. If it has been less than 15 days, she can wait till 15 days from last pill for periods to come. In any case, she cannot start next pack without having periods unless instructed by doctor after examination. Do not forget to tell her to use another form of contraception like condom if she is sexually active.

Hi doctor,

Ethinyl estradiol in her tablet is 20 mcg. Is there any serious problem? What are the complications we can expect in her case?



Welcome back to

  • There is no serious problem. But we need a detailed history and previous test reports including ultrasound report to tell the exact prognosis.
  • Estrogen given in dose of 20 mcg is safe and she can safely continue COCP.
  • Such irregular menses can happen in two cases, PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) and POF (premature ovarian failure) or POI (primary ovarian insufficiency). As I do not know the exact diagnosis, it is difficult to tell about expected complications.
  • You can get back with previous investigation reports like ultrasound, hormone assays if done, for exact prognosis.

Revert back with the investigation reports to an obstetrician and gynaecologist online -->

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