Q. How to prevent stroke?

Answered by
Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.
This is a premium question & answer published on May 20, 2017

Hi doctor,

Kindly give some tips on the ways to prevent stroke.

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiology General Medicine Internal Medicine


Welcome to icliniq.com.

Here are some tips to prevent stroke.

  • Regular exercises like brisk walking and jogging according to your capacity for at least 30 minutes a day and five to seven days a week in nearly all peoples. Regular exercises help in reducing weight, decrease lipid level and blood pressure and also assist in controlling blood sugars.
  • Healthy diet like avoiding fat, oil and a high-calorie diet. Individuals should consume five or more servings of fruits and vegetables daily.
  • Individuals should replace refined grains like white bread, rice with whole grains, whole bread, and brown rice. Should avoid red meat and instead have sea foods, eggs, beans, nuts and seeds as a source of protein.
  • It is very important to prevent and treat hypertension. Because high BP is an important cause of hemorrhagic stroke. Blood pressure should be regularly monitored, and medicine should not default.
  • The recommended dietary sodium intake for the general population is less than 2.3 g of sodium or 6 g of sodium chloride. Low sodium intake is associated with decreased risk of hypertension and stroke.
  • Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol. Smoking puts one at a high risk of stroke and heart diseases.
  • One should not get abdominal fat deposition or obesity. Yoga should be included in daily routine and has multiple health benefits.
  • Prevent diabetes with a healthy lifestyle, early diagnosis, and regular treatment.
  • The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends testing at three-year intervals for diabetes in all adults with BMI more than or equal to 25 kg/m2 and one or more additional risk factors for diabetes family history, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, etc., and in individuals without risk factors, testing begin at age 45 years.
  • The individual with risk for stroke like family history and obesity should be screened for lipid abnormalities and started on lifestyle modification and drugs.
  • Aspirin especially in those with moderate to high risk of stroke, which will be assessed by the doctor and prior history of stroke.
  • Patients with irregular heartbeats should be evaluated with ECG and other investigation urgently and started on blood thinners to prevent clot formation and stroke. So, if someone has it, then they should get themselves evaluated.
  • Polypills consisting of combinations of drugs like Aspirin, statins and blood pressure medication as advised by the doctor should be consumed on a regular basis.

For further information consult a cardiologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/cardiologist

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