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Your Child's Dental Health

Published on Sep 09, 2021 and last reviewed on Nov 24, 2022   -  7 min read


Enforcing good dental habits in your child’s day-to-day activity is the most important thing in their overall development. Learn more about kids’ dental health.

Your Child's Dental Health


Enforcing good dental habits in your child’s day-to-day activity is the most important thing in their development. Poor dental health leads to halitosis, caries, infection, or other diseases and also leads to the development of low social confidence, which may affect the development of their personality.

Yellow teeth, bad breath, or pain in teeth hamper the social bonding of kids and may make them isolated or lower their social confidence. Habits of dental hygiene should be an interesting activity for your kids. Things and activities should be planned so as to make dental hygiene fun.

What Tricks Should Be Followed to Make Kids Develop Interest?

Some tricks and fun activities for kids to develop interest:

What Are the Ways To Improve Dental Health?

The role of fluoride in making stronger dentition:

One can get fluoride from:

- Drinking water.

- Or one has to add fluoride to tap water.

- When drinking water does not contain fluoride, then one has to take oral fluoride supplements from dental offices in the form of fluoride varnish or fluoride applications on children’s teeth.

- When thinking of water filters then one should not use reverse osmosis water filters.

Fluoride level:

When using fluorides or fluoride supplements, the quantity of fluoride must be controlled. Excess of fluoride may cause fluorosis that leads to staining of teeth and is also harmful to a child’s health. So it is important to monitor drinking water fluoride levels, and also children should not swallow toothpaste containing fluoride.

How To Maintain Dental Hygiene?

Dental or oral hygiene should begin when your child is a baby. It is a myth that practicing dental or oral hygiene should be started when your child is having a full set of teeth. The practice of dental or oral care starts with taking care of the child’s gum pad, tongue, palate, and lips. One should do the cleaning of gum pads with a wet cotton ball or cotton cloth after feeding infants or newborns. Massage of gum pads with fingers is beneficial.

Start brushing and cleaning a tooth when your kid has the first tooth in the oral cavity. When a child is 1 to 2 years old, then one should start using a kid-size soft bristle toothbrush of their choice. Let kids choose their own color and shape of the brush so that they will develop an interest in brushing. When children are unable to spit out at an early age, then it is better to use non fluoridated toothpaste. Later, when your child starts spitting out, then one can use a fluoride-containing toothpaste with an appropriate fluoride percentage for that age. Use pea size toothpaste and make them brush their teeth at least for two minutes. On visiting a dentist, make sure your child learns the correct technique of brushing from your dentist. After having sweet sticky food, make a habit of rinsing your mouth with water, as it will not leave any food residue on teeth that may lead to caries on teeth.

Children will need your help in brushing their teeth until 7 to 8 years of age. When bristles of brush get worn out or around 4 to 6 months, you should change their toothbrush. Flossing is an important part of dental hygiene care; it helps in cleaning in between the teeth. Make a habit of flossing at least once a day as a part of a routine hygiene procedure. Dental floss with a handle will be easy to use. Cleaning of the tongue is also important as it reduces food debris on the tongue and it reduces the number of bacteria in the oral cavity. So make sure that your child cleans your tongue while brushing. Children should brush their teeth every morning and evening before going to bed right from the beginning.

What Are Caries Or Cavities?

Caries are decaying of teeth that lead to blackish discoloration and hole formation on teeth. Caries occurs because of prolonged accumulation of food particles on teeth surfaces that cause acid formation on teeth surfaces that eat away the tooth surfaces, leading to cavities. Caries, even on deciduous teeth, should be taken into consideration and should be treated on a priority basis. Many of us listen from the parent's side that it is fine if caries on deciduous teeth are left untreated, but it is not good for your child’s dental health.

How Does Diet Play A Role In Maintaining Healthy Dentition?

Diet plays an important role in keeping dentition healthy. Following foods are responsible for increasing the risk of cavities:

Fibrous food, vegetables, fruits, and dry fruits should be preferred. Milk and milk products, Vitamin C, are good for the health of teeth and gums. In most of the situations when these foods are unavoidable, then make a habit that your child brushes his or her teeth or rinses their mouth thoroughly after eating this food.

In slightly older kids, chewing gums is useful. It provides benefits such as:

As chewing gums also contain sugar, sweet chewing gums should be avoided in children as they are caries prone. Sugar-free gums should be preferred in kids.

How Is Dentition From Deciduous To Adults?

Teeth start erupting between 5 to 7 months of age. The most commonly erupting tooth is the lower front teeth. In deciduous dentition, kids have 20 teeth by about three years of age. Twenty teeth contain:

Deciduous dentition does not contain premolars in it. Permanent dentition has 32 teeth. That contains premolars and wisdom teeth in extra than deciduous dentition. Permanent dentition starts to appear at around six years of age. Children start losing their deciduous teeth from 6 years of age till 12 years of age. During this age, they will have both sets of dentitions in the oral cavity that are deciduous dentition and permanent dentition, so it is called the mixed dentition phase. In this phase, your dentist can appropriately tell about your child’s dentition and can tell possible dental problems. He may tell whether your child needs orthodontic treatment or not. Dental checkups at this age may prevent you from future complicated dental treatments.

What Are the Malfunctional Habits That Needs To Be Considered?

When To See a Dentist?

Ideally, when your kid is one year old, then you should visit the dentist on their first birthday. Your dentist can see for probable early dental problems in your kid so as to prevent further complications and also explain to you about proper oral care. Pediatric dentists are specialists in kid's dental care. The child should visit the dentist twice a year. An early dental visit at a young age will help the child to be more comfortable with a dentist and the dental environment. There is a dental emergency in the following conditions:

What Are the Questions You Should Ask a Dentist For Your Child?

  1. Need oral fluoride supplements?

  2. The best type of toothbrush for my child?

  3. Is my child at high risk for cavities?

  4. What is the current status of caries?

  5. Are dental X-rays safe for my child?


Last reviewed at:
24 Nov 2022  -  7 min read




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