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Groin Numbness - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Complications

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Groin numbness refers to a loss of sensation or tingling feeling in the groin area, caused by nerve damage. Read the article to know more.

Written by

Dr. Surabhi M

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Abhishek Juneja

Published At July 14, 2023
Reviewed AtJuly 14, 2023

What Is Groin Numbness?

The condition known as groin numbness is characterized by a diminished sense of touch or a tingling sensation in the region encompassing the groin, including the genitals, inner thighs, and lower abdomen. This occurrence can arise from nerve impairment that affects the sensation in the groin area or from the compression of these nerves due to nearby tissues. Groin numbness can manifest as a transient or chronic condition and may present alongside additional symptoms like discomfort, muscle weakness, or challenges in leg and hip mobility.

What Are the Causes of Groin Numbness?

Groin numbness can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from minor to serious conditions. Some common causes include:

  • Sitting or Standing in the Same Position for a Long Time: This can cause pressure on the nerves and lead to numbness in the groin area.

  • Injuries: Any injury to the lower back or pelvis can damage the nerves that supply sensation to the groin area, leading to numbness.

  • Hernia: When an organ or piece of tissue pushes through a weak area in the surrounding muscle or tissue, the condition is known as a hernia. Hernias in the groin area can cause numbness, as they can compress the nerves in the area.

  • Pinched Nerve: When excessive pressure is exerted on a nerve by nearby tissues like bones, cartilage, muscles, or tendons, it results in a condition known as a pinched nerve. If a pinched nerve occurs in the lower back or pelvis region, it can lead to groin numbness.

  • Peripheral Neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is a condition in which the nerves that transmit impulses from the brain, spinal cord, and the rest of the body are damaged or ill. This condition can lead to sensations of numbness, tingling, and pain in different regions of the body, including the groin area.

  • Infections: Some infections, such as shingles or herpes, can cause nerve damage, leading to numbness in the groin area.

What Are the Symptoms of Groin Numbness?

The main indication of groin numbness is the presence of reduced sensation or a tingling sensation specifically in the groin region. This sensation can extend further to include the genitals, inner thighs, and lower abdomen. Other symptoms that may accompany groin numbness include:

  • Pain or discomfort in the groin area.

  • Weakness or difficulty moving the legs or hips.

  • Reduced sensitivity to touch or temperature changes in the affected area.

  • Swelling or inflammation in the groin area.

  • Loss of bladder or bowel control (in rare cases).

If someone is experiencing groin numbness along with any of these symptoms, it is necessary to see a healthcare specialist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

How Is Groin Numbness Diagnosed?

In order to determine the underlying cause of groin numbness, a healthcare professional will likely conduct a physical examination and evaluate the patient's medical history. They may inquire about the onset of symptoms, their duration, and the presence of any accompanying symptoms. These steps help in the diagnostic process. Other diagnostic tests are as follows:

  • Imaging Tests: X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound may be used to get a better look at the structures in the pelvic region.

  • Nerve Conduction Studies: These tests can evaluate the function of the nerves in the groin area.

  • Electromyography (EMG): This test measures the electrical activity in the muscles, which can help diagnose nerve damage.

  • Blood Tests: These can check for infections, inflammatory conditions, or other underlying medical conditions that may be causing groin numbness.

  • Urine Tests: These can check for bladder or kidney problems that may be contributing to the symptoms.

The specific diagnostic tests ordered will depend on the suspected cause of the symptoms. After a diagnosis is made, a healthcare provider can recommend an appropriate treatment plan.

What Is the Treatment of Groin Numbness?

The treatment for groin numbness is based on the underlying cause of the condition. Some treatment options may include:

  • Rest and Activity Modification: If the cause of groin numbness is related to overuse or repetitive strain, rest is recommended, and modify the activity level to reduce pressure on the affected area.

  • Medications: Upon identifying the cause of the symptoms, various medications may be prescribed to address groin numbness and provide relief from associated discomfort. These medications can include anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation, pain relievers to alleviate pain, or specific nerve pain medications designed to target and manage nerve-related discomfort.

  • Physical Therapy: This can help to strengthen the muscles in the pelvic region and improve flexibility, which may reduce pressure on the nerves in the area.

  • Surgery: If the cause of groin numbness is related to a hernia or other structural issue, surgery may be necessary to repair the underlying problem.

  • Lifestyle Changes: Lifestyle changes such as weight loss, smoking cessation, or regular exercise may be recommended to help improve circulation and reduce pressure on the nerves in the pelvic region.

What Are the Complications of Groin Numbness?

Complications of groin numbness can vary depending on the underlying cause and duration of the condition. Some potential complications may include:

  • Loss of Mobility: If the groin numbness is severe or long-lasting, it can lead to weakness or loss of mobility in the legs and hips.

  • Urinary or Bowel Problems: In rare cases, nerve damage in the pelvic region can lead to urinary or bowel incontinence.

  • Sexual Dysfunction: Groin numbness can affect sexual function in both men and women by reducing sensitivity in the genital area.

  • Chronic Pain: If left untreated, chronic groin numbness can lead to chronic pain and discomfort.

  • Complications of Underlying Medical Conditions: If the cause of groin numbness is an underlying disease such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis, there may be additional complications associated with those conditions.


Groin numbness is characterized by a diminished sense of touch or a tingling sensation in the groin area, typically resulting from nerve damage or pressure exerted on the nerves by surrounding tissues. The main symptom is the loss of sensation in the groin region, which can be accompanied by pain, weakness, or difficulties in leg and hip movements. The treatment approach for groin numbness varies depending on the underlying cause and may involve measures such as rest and activity modification, administration of medications, physical therapy, surgical interventions, or lifestyle adjustments. In order to avoid complications and enhance outcomes, it is necessary to get medical attention if someone is experiencing groin numbness.

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Dr. Abhishek Juneja
Dr. Abhishek Juneja



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