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Thyroid Cancer - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Published on Sep 23, 2021 and last reviewed on May 13, 2022   -  5 min read


Thyroid cancer causes severe hormonal dysfunctions in an individual. Read this article to know about the causes, types, signs and symptoms, and treatment of thyroid cancer.

Thyroid Cancer - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Thyroid Gland:

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that is located below Adam's apple. It is butterfly-shaped. When the gland is in normal size, it is difficult to feel the thyroid. In abnormal conditions, it enlarges in size and can be felt with fingers. Multiple blood vessels supply the gland, and the important nerves which determine the quality of voice lie around this gland. Thyroid glands play a vital role in the secretion of many hormones. The growth and development of an individual and the metabolism of the body are greatly influenced by the thyroid gland.

What Is Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer is a cancerous condition that affects the thyroid gland. In the initial stages, symptoms are not obvious. A fast progression of this condition might result in aggressive stages of thyroid cancer. Recently, an increase in the number of patients with thyroid cancer has been noted. There are several variants of thyroid cancer. Out of which, four types of thyroid cancer are deeply studied and noted. Since the thyroid gland is associated with the body's hormonal balance, the condition of thyroid cancer might result in several alterations in the hormones of the body.

What Are the Causes of Thyroid Cancer?

Genetic mutations are thought to cause thyroid cancer. The exact cause is not identified yet. But the abnormal cells developed in the thyroid gland have the ability to spread to different parts of the body. Deficiency in the level of iodine can also be a causative factor. Abnormally excessive exposure to radiation can serve as a predisposing factor for thyroid cancer.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer?

The various signs and symptoms associated with thyroid cancer are:

What Are the Types of Thyroid Cancer?

The malignancy occurring in the thyroid gland is categorized into six types.

What Are the Features of Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer has the highest possibilities for malignancy only in patients who are more than sixty years of age. In a few cases, people who are less than thirty years of age are also affected. In general, though, thyroid problems are found at a greater level in females due to puberty and its effects, thyroid cancer is detected more in the male gender. A rare variant of follicular carcinoma called Hürthle cell carcinoma is known to affect women. This is particularly noted in females below the age of 40.

How Is Thyroid Cancer Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of thyroid cancer involves thyroid gland function tests.

What Are the Treatment Options for Thyroid Cancer?

The following treatment options are suggested for patients with thyroid cancer.

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Last reviewed at:
13 May 2022  -  5 min read




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