Published on Apr 13, 2017 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018 - 4 min read
Through proper nutrition and lifestyle modifications, we can easily reduce the risk of many diseases and spend a long and healthy life.
Everyone wants a healthy life and strong body that may fight with infections and wear and tear phenomenon of life as age advances. Diet and nutrition is the vital part of our daily life. When we eat healthy, we definitely get our teeth and bones strengthened and the risks of diseases that make our bony skeleton weaker and more prone to fracture, decreases to a great extent. There are many sources of getting the essential nutrients necessary for our body. Some are taken from diet and some are made by our own body.
A nice approach towards healthy life is to keep some vital nutrients on top of our minds when planning daily diet charts.
(A) Dietary Calcium:
Fish, calcium fortified foods, waffle, mineral water, animal source milk, yogurt, cheese, fresh brown breads, breakfast cereals of a good brand, properly cooked rice, almonds and other nuts and beans, salads, green leafy fresh vegetables like spinach and juices (for example: fresh orange juice), all provide calcium to the body. Better is to rinse and properly wash the fresh available fruits and make juices at home.
Adults should take almost 990 mg/day of calcium. Females (more than 45 years) and males (more than 65 years) may need 220 mg/day more than usual. We need calcium on daily basis in our diet as there is no metabolic pathway inside the human body which may be able to manufacture body's own calcium.
Regarding calcium one should remember that it is always best to grab from natural diet source. But if not enough, or if you have a disease named hypocalcaemia (low level of serum calcium) or if you are suffering from thyroid/ parathyroid gland disease or gastrointestinal disease hindering absorption processes, your treating physician may prescribe you with some supplemental calcium that may best suit your bodily needs according to the deficiency you have.
(B) Do you need something else in diet, other than getting enough calcium?
1. Vitamin D:
Vitamin D is necessary to get calcium absorbed through our gastrointestinal tract's absorption system. We need vitamin D for our daily life activities. We need at least 420-820 IU of vitamin D/day. As we get older, we need more of vitamin D and for every 10 years of age, an increment of 10 IU/day of vitamin D than usual recommended dosage is needed.
Unlike calcium, our body is self sufficient in making its own vitamin D from sunlight, when our skin is exposed to sunlight. So, we have a factory of vitamin D that starts from our skin and gets to the final assembly in the kidneys. People with kidney disease may need vitamin D as a supplement according to the guidance of the treating physician. Unnecessary exposure to the outside in direct sunlight may cause sunburns and even certain cancers of the skin. So, use sunscreens and wear sunglasses when on outside chores for longer time periods.
2. Dietary Proteins:
We always need proteins in a good amount to strengthen the normal bones in our skeletal system. Almost everything in our body is made up of proteins. We need almost 60 mg/day of dietary proteins that you may grab from eggs, fish, meat, chicken, vegetables like beans, milk and yogurt.
3. Magnesium and Potassium, Vitamins A, K, and C:
Spinach and beans being good sources of magnesium and potassium slow down the loss of bony skeleton thus improving our overall health and strength of the body. Citrus fruits contain good amounts of vitamin C. Carrots are rich in vitamin A. Meat, eggs, vegetables, dry fruits all contain these minerals and vitamins in abundance.
Needed in trace amounts, zinc is also good for health. Children need it for proper body height and it also improves wound healing process in humans. Muscles, bones, eyes, male and female sexual health depend on zinc as a vital trace element. Erectile dysfunction patients may also get benefits from zinc and it is in practice.
Important Facts Regarding Human Diet and Lifestyle:
For general health queries, consult an internal medicine physician online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/internal-medicine-physician
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