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Skin Types - Scales for Classification

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Knowing the skin types is essential for planning a cosmetic treatment or skin care regimen. Read the article to know about scales used to classify skin.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Filza Hafeez

Published At March 15, 2023
Reviewed AtMarch 26, 2024


Each individual has a different skin type. So using common products for all skin types is the error that most of them make. But that's completely wrong, and everyone should know the different skin types and characteristics to know what products suit them. In addition, there are different scales available that measure different skin characteristics.

What Is the Fitzpatrick Skin Scale?

The Fitzpatrick scale classifies skin based on its reaction to sunlight, depending on the amount of melanin pigment in the skin. The Fitzpatrick skin type is characteristic present at birth. This scale can determine the amount of protection required against sunlight for each skin type.

For example, sunlight can easily affect white skin and needs sun exposure protection.

How Is Skin Classified on Fitzpatrick Scale?

The skin is classified based on its features and tanning ability on the Fitzpatrick scale as follows,


What Are the Risk Factors and Preventive Measures for Skin Types on Fitzpatrick Scale?


What Is a Baumann Skin Typing System?

In the Baumann skin typing system, four parameters are used to categorize skin as follows,

  • Oily or dry.

  • Sensitive or resistant.

  • Wrinkled or tight.

  • Pigmented or nonpigmented.

How Is Skin Classified in the Baumann System?

In the Baumann system, skin is classified in the following manner -

  • OSPW - Oily, sensitive, pigmented, and wrinkled.
  • OSNW - Oily, sensitive, non-pigmented, and wrinkled.
  • OSPT - Oily, sensitive, pigmented, and tight.
  • OSNT - Oily, sensitive, non-pigmented, and tight.
  • ORPW - Oily, resistant, pigmented, and wrinkled.
  • ORNW - Oily, resistant, non-pigmented, and wrinkled.
  • ORPT - Oily, resistant, pigmented, and tight.
  • ORNT - Oily, resistant, non-pigmented, and tight.
  • DSPW - Dry, sensitive, pigmented, and wrinkled.
  • DSPT - Dry, sensitive, pigmented, and tight.
  • DRPW - Dry, resistant, pigmented, and wrinkled.
  • DRPT - Dry, resistant, pigmented, and tight.
  • DSNW - Dry, sensitive, non-pigmented, and wrinkled.
  • DSNT - Dry, sensitive, non-pigmented, and tight.
  • DRNW - Dry, resistant, non-pigmented, and wrinkled.
  • DRNT - Dry, resistant, non-pigmented, and tight.

What Are the Suitable Products for Each Skin Type?

Based on the type of skin, the skin products would also vary, such as -

  • Oily Skin: Non-foaming cleansers and moisturizers.
  • Dry Skin: Products containing alpha hydroxy acid and foaming cleansers and moisturizers.
  • Sensitive Skin: Avoid products containing active ingredients and use products with vitamin E and tea tree oil.
  • Resistant Skin: Skin is immune to any substance, so any product with active ingredients can be used.
  • Wrinkled Skin: Use products that stimulate collagen and elastin production.
  • Tight Skin: Use broad-spectrum sunscreen for extreme protection from sun damage.
  • Pigmented Skin: Use products containing lightening ingredients.
  • Non-pigmented Skin: No special care is required, and applying sunscreen is sufficient.

What Is EP Global Skin Classification Scale?

The Fitzpatrick scale fails to classify skin based on the individual’s race and complexion, which EP Global Skin Classification Scale fulfills. The scale categorizes based on race. country, complexion, skin features, skin type, and precautions -

1. Caucasian I -

  • They have a pale with a freckled complexion.
  • Their skin burns easily, never tans, is sensitive, and ages rapidly.
  • It is hypersensitive and acne-prone.
  • Such people should avoid excess sun exposure and abrasive treatments.

2. Caucasian II -

  • They have fair skin with light olive undertones.
  • Their skin first burns and then tans.
  • Their skin also experiences premature aging, is sensitive, and acne-prone.
  • Lasers and peels can be used with caution in such individuals.

3. Caucasian III -

  • They have fair skin with medium olive undertones.
  • Their skin tans easily but burns rarely.
  • Their skin is acne-prone and excessive sun damage.
  • Such individuals should avoid sun exposure as it may lead to hyperpigmentation.

4. Hispanic -

  • They have medium to dark olive undertones.
  • Their skin tans easily but rarely burns.
  • Their skin is hyperpigmented, acne-prone, and exposed to environmental damage.
  • Such individuals can use peels and lasers with caution.


The scales for classifying skin types more than those used for planning a skin care regimen are used to assess the progress and severity of cosmetic disorders in clinical studies. The physicians who treat an individual’s skin benefit more from these scales.

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Dr. Filza Hafeez



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