Q. Kindly explain the tests and precautions to be taken for HIV after unprotected sex.

Answered by Dr. Kiran Anaparthi and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.


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Hi doctor,

Yesterday night I had sex with some unknown person. While doing sex my condom got tear and I had removed my penis at the same time and I had lip lock kiss too. I am scared of HIV, could you please guide me what all the precautions I have to take and what all tests I have to take to get to confirm that I have not got infected with any virus.

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Dr. Kiran Anaparthi
Family Physician, HIV/AIDS Specialist


Welcome to icliniq.com.

As I can see that the episode is recent in time, I would suggest you use post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) as early as possible within 72 hours of exposure. The chances of HIV transmission are related to the status of your partner and viral load of partner (if she is positive). In general, transmission is very low that is 1 in 10000 contacts with protection, as I can see that there is a break in the condom, it is wise to start PEP. You need to wait at least two weeks for the tests and you can get fourth generation HIV test and DNA PCR test for confirmation.


Thank you doctor,

I have taken a few tests. Please find the attached and let me know the result and this test was taken one week after I had sex. Is this test fine or do I need to take any other test after some time? Please advise.


Dr. Kiran Anaparthi
Family Physician, HIV/AIDS Specialist


Welcome back to icliniq.com.

Tests are negative (attachment removed to protect patient identity). But they are too early. One week is not enough time to be detected. You need two weeks minimum.

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