Hiv Testing

There are different tests available to detect HIV. They may test for antibodies alone or antibodies as well as p24 antigens from blood, saliva or urine of the person. While some tests may give immediate results, some require more time, up to a few weeks.

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Can HIV be transmitted by coming in contact with the vaginal fluid of a sex worker of unknown status?

Query: Hi doctor, I need some clarifications on the HIV issue. I had penetrative vaginal sex with a sex worker of unknown status. It was protective. I am worried because I fingered the girl, and after that, I put on my condom. I am afraid my glans penis might have come in contact with vaginal fluid o...  Read Full »


Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The chances of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by single protected intercourse with an HIV-positive person are almost nil if the condom is used correctly. If you doubt that there is a slight chance of coming in contact with vaginal secretion, t...  Read Full »

Will taking Prednisolone affect the HIV combo test results after sexual exposure?

Query: Hello doctor, I had sexual intercourse four and a half months back. I had taken the HIV Combo test after 46, 70, 124, and 138 days and the results came negative, respectively. I have a previous history of asthma and have been taking 5 mg Prednisolone daily for the past one year. Now, I have the fol...  Read Full »


Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. It is good that the fourth-generation HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) antibodies test is negative repeatedly and after 138 days of risk exposure. Prednisolone (a steroid medication) can alter the antibodies to some extent. In my opinion, the test can be consid...  Read Full »

I regularly consume alcohol. What is the recommended HIV screening test for me?

Query: Hi doctor, I have read that drinking alcohol affects the HIV test results. Does increased alcohol intake delay seroconversion time? If so, then how long one should wait? Three or six months? For such cases, can we take HIV DNA PCR as a screening test? Whether this test is also affected by much more ...  Read Full »


Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The answers to your queries are: It is unlikely for a test result to be affected by alcohol intake. It will not have any effect. There is no need to wait to get the test. Recommendations are to get tested at four weeks by HIV antibody test and if the result is negativ...  Read Full »

Is the ELISA test challenging to perform?

Query: Hi doctor, Before 16 years, I had two high-risk exposure with sex workers, and the risk was condom break in both situations. After three months from my last exposure, I did an ELISA test for HIV 1 and 2. It came back negative. Again, after one year, I made the same mistake of condom break with a se...  Read Full »


Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is very easy to perform and has a sensitivity of around 99%, which means out of 100 HIV-positive persons, it will come positive in 99 of them. One person may come negative despite him being HIV positive. So, at first insta...  Read Full »

Is testing for HIV after 77 days with a rapid test card conclusive?

Query: Hello doctor,I had a protected intercourse with a girl twice in a single day. After that, the girl and I tested HIV negative using the fourth generation CMIA at 66 days. I again tested at 77 days using the rapid card method and that was negative as well. Is it conclusive? Also, can deep lip kissing ...  Read Full »


Dr. Richa Agarwal

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read your query and understand your concern. Yes, the test is conclusive. Deep lip kissing transmits HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) through the saliva. Feel free to ask more information. Good luck. Regards. For further queries consult an obstetrician and g...  Read Full »

I have redness and swelling underneath my bottom lip after oral sex. Why?

Query: Hello doctor,I am a 22-year-old female. I generally have good health, but I was diagnosed with herpes simplex when I was 17. I never had any cold sores on my face, but recently I have seen not a rash but redness and swelling underneath my bottom lip. I do not have a primary doctor, and I cannot get ...  Read Full »


Dr. Zubayeralam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for the query. I can understand your concern. According to your statement, you have been suffering from a swollen and reddish lower lip. You had a history of herpes simplex infection when you were 17 years old. According to the pictures (attachment removed to...  Read Full »

I had oral sex with a man and started PEP within 56 hours after exposure. Can I be HIV positive?

Query: Hi doctor, I had oral sex with another man a month back. The partner never finished in my mouth. I started to feel symptoms of a sore throat the next day and developed a night sweat that night. I also had swollen lymph nodes. I started PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) within 56 hours of exposure. I n...  Read Full »


Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi,Welcome to icliniq.com.Thank you for the query.The chances of transmission of HIV by single unprotected oral sex is almost nil unless there are bleeding wounds in your oral cavity. The risk is low to nil. When PEP has been initiated within 56 hours of exposure, the risk is even further reduced. I...  Read Full »

Can anyone get infected with HIV by getting a handjob?

Query: Hi doctor, Can anyone get infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) by getting a handjob? The person's health status is unknown. What is the earliest test someone can have to know the status?   Read Full »


Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for the query. The chances of HIV transmission by handjob is nil. The test can be HIV 1 and 2 RNA PCR (Real-Time Polymerase chain reaction) after 12 to 14 days exposure.  Read Full »

Could you please explain to me the HIV RNA PCR test report?

Query: Hello doctor, I have done the RNA PCR test (viral load test) done from a lab here. I am attaching the report. Kindly let me now the status of the report.  Read Full »


Dr. Sumit Srivastava

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The report suggests that you have a negligible amount of hepatitis B viral load and the interpretation is negative. It means that you do not need medication for treatment. Only symptomati...  Read Full »

What is the reason for testicular pain and my body feeling hot after unprotected sex?

Query: Hi doctor, I got a complete panel and RNA PCR tests after 53 days of unprotected vaginal sex. The results were negative, except HSV-1 was reactive. So, I went to meet my doctor with the reports, who told me to get an HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibody fourth generation test. The results were negative again. B...  Read Full »


Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. The test kits used to diagnose HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) are highly sensitive and specific. It gives accurate results. You can surely rely on your 53-day result. The majority of people who are infected with HIV, develop HIV antibodies by 4 to 6 weeks of exposu...  Read Full »

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