Hiv Testing

There are different tests available to detect HIV. They may test for antibodies alone or antibodies as well as p24 antigens from blood, saliva or urine of the person. While some tests may give immediate results, some require more time, up to a few weeks.

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Does having balanitis and seborrheic dermatitis confirm that a person is HIV positive?

Query: Hello doctor, I had unprotected sex with a commercial sex worker, and my HIV duo test after four months, rapid antibody screening test after six months, and one year are negative. I experienced severe flu two weeks after the sexual encounter, and for the last three to four months, I have been suf...  Read Full »

Dr. Arpit Varshney

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have read your concern in detail and understand it. 1) It is true that seborrheic dermatitis (a skin disease that causes scaly patches and red skin) and balanitis (inflammation of the foreskin and head of the penis) can be caused due to HIV (human immunodeficiency...  Read Full »

Can a purple blotch on the nose mean that I have Kaposi's sarcoma?

Query: Hello doctor, I had protected sex with a sex worker last year. After sex, I forgot to clean my scrotum and did not realize until 30 minutes later. I had a negative OraQuick at six months and a negative rapid blood test at 10 months, but I read that false negatives can happen. I do not remember havin...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The test kits used these days to diagnose HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) are highly sensitive and specific and gives accurate results. Your negative HIV test results (attachments removed to protect the patient's identity) at six and then at ten months of exposure...  Read Full »

Is my RNA HIV early detection test conclusive?

Query: Hello doctor,I have a question about RNA HIV early detection test. I took this test 16 days after exposure, my results were negative. Is that conclusive?  Read Full »

Dr. Atishay Bukharia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to No, it is not conclusive. Go for fourth generation testing at four weeks interval. Nevertheless, what was the exposure?   Read Full »

After sexual intercourse with a sex worker, I developed a dry cough for nearly three months. Is this due to an HIV infection?

Query: Hello doctor,I had sexual intercourse with a sex worker 23 weeks ago. And it was protected and was my first time, and it did not last more than 10 minutes. After a few days, I fell sick for a day or two, and it was gone. But then my friend told me condoms are not 100 ℅ protective. So that scared m...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Firstly, your symptoms could be due to various reasons and not necessarily represent HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection. Your HIV test results are conclusive. Chronic smoking can be the cause of cough. You do not require more tests for HIV if there has been ...  Read Full »

Will consuming liquor affect HIV test result?

Query: Hi doctor, I want to ask that I drank some liquor (two bottles of beer) 11 hours before taking HIV test. My result was negative. It was ELISA test. Can I be conclusive of my result? Should I test again? Will consuming liquor affect HIV test result? Please help me.  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Consumption of alcohol will not affect the test result for HIV. However, HIV has a window period of one to three months during which the test result can be a false negative. The result can be considered conclusive if done after 12 weeks of the last suspected exposure. I h...  Read Full »

I have been exposed to HIV, and the test results came negative, but I have been experiencing a few symptoms now. Should I retest again?

Query: Hello doctor, I have been exposed to HIV and took two tests on the 17th day after exposure. The first test was the 4th generation, and the second was the HIV-1 RNA qualitative test. Both of these tests came back negative from the first day of the exposure till today. I experienced some HIV symptoms....  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Thank you for your query. I understand your concern. Unprotected sexual exposure is a risk factor for multiple STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), including HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). However, the risk depends upon the exposure, whether there was any homo...  Read Full »

Can I have unprotected sex after nonreactive HIV duo test?

Query: Hello doctor, I had unprotected oral sex with a sex-worker as well as rimming and protected vaginal sex. After 28 days, I did HIV duo test and it came nonreactive. Can I have unprotected sex with my wife now? Is duo test at 28 days conclusive? Do I need a further test?  Read Full »

Dr. Sushil Kakkar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Unprotected insertive oral sex carries a negligible risk of transmission of HIV. Rimming too is not a high risk and protected sex is safe as far as risk of HIV is concerned. However, a fourth generation HIV screening test is considered conclusive at six weeks by most H...  Read Full »

I have severe anxiety due to fear of HIV. Please help me.

Query: Hello doctor, I had sex with a sex worker with a condom on but at that time, I had itching problem in my hip joints. I had sex for four to five minutes. That was my first time having sex. I am in too much fear of HIV. I tested tri-dot on the 31st day and it was negative. Before the test, I had a ski...  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The chances of transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) by protected intercourse is nil if used in a right way. Tri-dot being negative after one month is good. The chances of HIV tests coming positive later is almost nil. It would be better to go for HIV...  Read Full »

I have performed HIV 1 RNA PCR test and duo combo test post-exposure for HIV. Are they conclusive?

Query: Hello doctor, I have done HIV 1 RNA PCR 12 days after exposure, followed by a duo combo test on the 37th-day post-exposure, and both came negative and non-reactive. Can I take these two tests as conclusive? Do I need further testing? I have taken the opinion of 2 other HIV specialists, and they both...  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I can understand your anxiety, and the fear of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is pretty much a stressful state. HIV has a window period of 12 weeks post-exposure. During the test, results can be false negative. However, the 4th generation combo test has very hig...  Read Full »

Does unprotected oral sex put someone at risk of HIV?

Query: Hi doctor,I spent three nights with a girl I met online a week ago. There was no intercourse, but we had unprotected oral sex, mutual masturbation, and kissing. I later found out that she has had a pretty crazy sexual history (unprotected anal sex and vaginal sex). Am I at risk of HIV? My worry is t...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Unprotected oral sex carries negligible to low risk for HIV acquisition especially if there are fresh cuts or sores or lesions or bleeding gums. Mutual masturbation and kissing are quite safe. Rubbing vagina without entry, I do not think will cause any harm. Overall, I ...  Read Full »

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