Hiv Testing

There are different tests available to detect HIV. They may test for antibodies alone or antibodies as well as p24 antigens from blood, saliva or urine of the person. While some tests may give immediate results, some require more time, up to a few weeks.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

Can HIV get transmitted through small cuts at the base of the penis?

Query: Hello doctor,I have had a sexual encounter (risky one) in which I wore a condom. At the base of the penis, I had three small cuts, which I sustained during shaving 5-6 hours before the encounter. The cuts were very small and not bleeding (bled a little bit when I sustained them, and two days later, ...  Read Full »


Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Community Medicine Physician, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Preventive Medicine Physician, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The chances of transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) by protected intercourse with an HIV-positive person is almost nil if used in the right manner. Here if there is an open or bleeding wound that has likely come in contact with infected fluid, there is ...  Read Full »

Can an HIV-negative tested person turn positive after 6 months?

Query: Hello doctor,I have participated in protected intercourse in 2009, and I did not participate with anyone until 2019. Before getting into a relationship in 2019, I have undergone few tests like pre-marital tests, including HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), VDRL (venereal disease research laboratory...  Read Full »


Dr. Kiran Anaparthi

Family Physician, HIV AIDS Specialist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. One episode of the sexual act without a condom is having a chance of 3 times in 10000 sexual acts. So, with condom, it is very low chances of acquiring HIV. There are fewer chances of she is negative. With a condom, you have very low chances of one sexual encounter. ...  Read Full »

What is the window period for HIV testing?

Query: Hello doctor,Three months back, I had an exposure with a girl whose HIV (human immunodeficiency syndrome) status is unknown. During the intercourse, my condom is halfway slipped, and I stopped doing it when I masturbate. I felt pain and had a slight injury under my foreskin. What are the chances of ...  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. The window period is 12 weeks after the exposure, and any test done beyond this is considered definitive. The 4th generation HIV test detects both p24 antigen and antibodies as well. Hence the test does not rely only on antibody production and is more accurate even a...  Read Full »

Does continuous masturbation cause bumps on the penis?

Query: Hi doctor, I have attached the image. Please check the image of my private area and give me a suggestion.  Read Full »


Dr. Raveendran Sr

Sexologist, Diabetologist, Andrologist, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I checked your picture (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity), and it does not look like an ulcer or fungal infection. It can be bacterial infection or friction rash due to continuous masturbation. You can apply T-bact ointment (Mupirocin) twi...  Read Full »

Can vesicles on the arms be a sign of HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I had unprotected sex about 7 to 8 months ago. I got tested on the 12th day using a PCR test. Then I had the "Anti-HIV 1/2" test. Both came back negative. Now I saw that I have four little bumps on my arms. Should I get tested more, and is it a sign of HIV? I also have acne and frequent ...  Read Full »


Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Community Medicine Physician, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Preventive Medicine Physician, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for the query. HIV PCR test negative results after 12 days is sensitive. But it would be better to go for an HIV antibody test for conclusive results. It will be conclusive if you undergo tests now as it is 7 to 8 months post-exposure. The vesicles noted on t...  Read Full »

Can I get HIV if the blood of a patient splashed in my eyes?

Query: Hello doctor, I am doing my medical internship. Today, when I was flushing a boys (10 years) cannula, normal saline mixed with few drops of blood splashed all over, and I felt a small droplet fell in my eye and on my forehead, so I immediately did rapid tests on HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), ...  Read Full »


Dr. Parth R Goswami

Family Physician, General Practitioner, Hematologist, Pathologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. First of all, answer the following question. Have you investigated for yourself or the blood of that boy? Do you have any unbroken skin where blood splashed? The attached rapid test are negative (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity), so do not wo...  Read Full »

Please mention the exact window period for HIV.

Query: Hello doctor,Before 16 years, I had lots of high-risk exposures. Before seven years, I started having lots of various symptoms that I have to this day. At that time, I ceased my activities and got tested. All STDs tests were negative, but I continued to have symptoms. I can say that I have had many...  Read Full »


Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. HIV infection has a window period of one to three months during which the tests can be a false negative. According to WHO (World Health Organization), all tests for HIV are considered conclusive at 12 weeks after the last high-risk exposure. For syphilis, the window peri...  Read Full »

Is HIV RNA PCR quantitative test conclusive at 69 days?

Query: Hi doctor,I have done an antibody test for HIV1 and 2 after 63 days of exposure. I have done some rapid screening tests. It showed me a negative result. Then I did HIV RNA PCR quantitative test at 69 days. It also showed me a negative result. I read that PCR is very sensitive and conclusive. Is it t...  Read Full »


Dr. Ramchandra Lamba

Psychiatrist, Sexologist, Psychologist Counsellor

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. As the result was negative at 69 days, you are free from HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection and you do not need to repeat the test. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) tests should not be used routinely. An antigen-antibody test can detect all cases taken afte...  Read Full »

How conclusive is HIV CMIA test result on 26th day?

Query: Hi doctor,I have taken an HIV CMIA test on the 26th day after a sexual encounter. The result came back negative. After that, I had protected sex. But I saw some blood on the inner parts of my partner. At that time, I had two pimples on my penis at the end. I am concerned about it. Does this HIV test...  Read Full »


Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

HIV AIDS Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) test taken on the 26th day of post-exposure is quite assuring but a confirmatory HIV antibody test is required to be taken at three months of last exposure. You do not have any specific symptoms to diagnose HIV. Your present sympto...  Read Full »

Is irritable bowel syndrome related to HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I had unprotected sex with a sex worker before 16 years. Before two years, I got sick with IBS and loss of appetite. I got tested for HIV by ELISA, combo test, tri-dot, and RNA-PCR. My wife has also done tests for HIV. I am depressed. Why HIV is not shown in my blood?   Read Full »


Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

HIV AIDS Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. First, the tests that you had undergone for diagnosing HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) are highly sensitive and specific. It gives accurate results. It is good to hear that you have a negative result for HIV done under varying time periods. The p24 combo is highly se...  Read Full »

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Disclaimer: All health Q&As published on this website are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.