How to Easily Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy?
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Prevention of Diabetic Retinopathy

Published on May 29, 2014 and last reviewed on May 10, 2023   -  2 min read


This article talks about the importance of eye examination in diabetics to prevent diabetic retinopathy.

Prevention of Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases and it causes diabetic retinopathy which is one of the leading causes of blindness. The only way to prevent diabetic retinopathy is by having regular eye examinations to look for the onset of symptoms and treat it in the early stages.

Diabetic retinopathy results from microangiopathy affecting the small blood vessels of the retina, resulting in ischemia, new blood vessel formation, and hemorrhages.

The risk factors for the development of diabetic retinopathy are:

  • Duration of diabetes: more the duration of diabetes, more the incidence of diabetic retinopathy.
  • Control of diabetes: better the control of diabetes, less are the chances of development of diabetic retinopathy.
  • Co-existing factors: the presence of a positive family history of diabetes and co-existing diseases like hypertension, hyperlipidemia will increase the chance of diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetic retinopathy will lead to visual impairment depending on the stage. In the initial stages, mild to moderate visual impairment is seen because of retinal edema and retinal hemorrhages. In the advanced stages, severe visual impairment is seen because of vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment.

The treatment of diabetic retinopathy is by the use of laser photocoagulation by a procedure called as pan-retinal photocoagulation to remove the ischemia and to prevent the development of new blood vessels.

Hence all diabetics should undergo eye examination once a year to diagnose diabetic retinopathy in its earlier stages and to treat it by laser photocoagulation, thus preventing blindness.

At each visit, the ophthalmologist performs an examination of the retina by a procedure called indirect ophthalmoscopy to assess the state of the retina. Further treatment is planned depending on the severity of the condition.

Frequently Asked Questions


What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetes retinopathy is a complication of uncontrolled diabetes. It can lead to a state where blindness can also occur. The increased glucose levels in the blood can cause damage to the retina. If you have diabetes, then you have to be extra-careful.


What Are the Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy?

The reason for the occurrence of diabetic retinopathy is increased blood sugar level. This sugar level can cause blockage in the blood vessels of the retina. Even the small blood vessels get damaged. This blockage can result in complicated conditions like diabetic retinopathy.


Are All Diabetic Patients Affected by Diabetic Retinopathy?

All diabetic patients are not affected by diabetic retinopathy. Most of the patients with type 1 diabetes are known to be affected. A small percentage of type 2 diabetes patients are affected by diabetic retinopathy. In untreated cases, the condition proceeds into a more complicated stage and will result in blindness.


What Are the Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy?

The four stages of diabetic retinopathy are categorized as:
- Mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy.
- Moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy.
- Severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy.
- Proliferative diabetic retinopathy.


What Does a Patient Affected By Diabetic Retinopathy See?

A patient with diabetic retinopathy might see spots floating in the vision. It might give blurred vision, and the vision would not be stable for an individual. You can get help from an ophthalmologist to improve your vision.


Is It Possible to Reverse Diabetic Retinopathy?

No, it is not possible to reverse diabetic retinopathy. It is possible to take precautionary measures to prevent the ill effects. By practicing certain exercises, blurred vision can be overcome.


Can You Drive With Diabetic Retinopathy?

Medical reports suggest that patients who are affected by diabetic retinopathy have poor night vision. Most of them manage to drive well during the morning time. Due to the alterations in the vision during the day and night time, they are not recommended to drive.


How to Improve the Condition of Retinopathy?

The condition of retinopathy can be treated with the help of the following options.
- Vitrectomy. It is a surgical procedure in which vitreous humor is removed.
- Photocoagulation. The method of photocoagulation is a laser treatment that can prevent the leakage of the fluid and blood.
- Panretinal photocoagulation.


What Is the Cause for Blurred Vision in Diabetic Patients?

The blurring of the vision is usually seen in diabetic patients. When there is an elevation in the level of blood sugar, the water in the body is dragged into the eyes that might result in swelling. This swelling will cause the vision to get blurred. It might take more than six weeks for the swelling to subside.


What Happens in the First Stage of Diabetic Retinopathy?

The first stage of diabetic retinopathy is known as mild nonproliferative retinopathy. It is also known as background retinopathy. It might result in bulging of the tiny blood vessels that can result in leakage of the blood into the retinal areas.


Can Diabetic Retinopathy Be Cured?

Diabetic retinopathy is very hard to cure. There is no complete cure for diabetes in most cases, so there is no recovery from diabetic retinopathy. It is necessary to follow preventive measures to overcome the ill effects of the condition.


What Is the Treatment Option for Diabetic Retinopathy?

There are two best methods for treating diabetic retinopathy. They are:
- Injections in the eye. The injections in the eye can help in treating maculopathy.
- Laser Treatment. The laser treatment in the eye is beneficial for relieving the proliferative conditions of diabetic retinopathy.

Article Resources

Last reviewed at:
10 May 2023  -  2 min read




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