Published on Jun 26, 2015 and last reviewed on Aug 03, 2019 - 3 min read
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that affects the way your body uses blood sugar. Learn about the types, symptoms, and treatment of diabetes here.
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder. In this disorder, there is increase in blood sugar level. The cause may be lack of insulin or cells fail to respond and utilize insulin. It is considered as one among lifestyle disorders as unhealthy lifestyle is the major cause. Leading a healthy life style is necessary to manage diabetes.
Types of Diabetes Mellitus:
Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus:
Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus:
Diabetes is diagnosed by testing sugar levels in your blood.
Tests include: Glycated hemoglobin test (HbA1c), Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), Random Blood Sugar (RBS), Postprandial Blood Sugar (PPBS).
Urine test, in which the urine sample is tested for sugar and ketones.
Normal Blood Sugar Values:
Complications of Diabetes Mellitus:
There are two types of complications namely the acute and chronic complications.
Acute Complications: It includes sudden occurrence of life threatening complications like hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.
The symptoms of hypoglycemia are:
Management of hypoglycemia:
Symptoms of hyperglycemia are:
Management of hyperglycemia:
Occurs after many years of onset of diabetes. Prolonged elevation in blood sugar causes damage to blood vessels leading to following complications.
If you are diagnosed as diabetic, you should remember the below key points always.
Consult a diabetologist online for queries regarding diabetes mellitus --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/diabetologist
Article Overview: Diabetes is one of the leading cause for permanent blindness. It is very essential for us to know to avoid the complications of diabetes. Micro-vascular complications will involve eyes, kidneys and nerves in common. But early detection and prevention will avoid permanent disability. Read Article
"EYES are the most beautiful organs created by nature which enables us to have vision. It is very important factor for individuals to be independent in their life" Diabetes is a metabolic syndrome entity which is characterized by hyperglycemia, high blood pressure and dyslipedemia. It causes variou... Read Article
Query: Hello doctor, I have diabetes since the last 11 to 12 years, and I started taking medicines given by my family doctor. Presently, I am taking Glimisave M2 (one tablet in the morning and evening), Dynaglipt 20 (one tablet in the morning), and Absolut 3G (one in the evening). My health is fine, and I... Read Full »
Query: Hi doctor, I am a diabetic. Does chewing nicotine gum will increase sugar level? Does stress in the heart increase the sugar level? Read Full »
Do you have a question on Diabetes or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?Ask a Doctor Online