Diabetes is a metabolic disease that affects the way your body uses blood sugar. Learn about the types, symptoms, and treatment of diabetes here.
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder. In this disorder, there is increase in blood sugar level. The cause may be lack of insulin or cells fail to respond and utilize insulin. It is considered as one among lifestyle disorders as unhealthy lifestyle is the major cause. Leading a healthy life style is necessary to manage diabetes.
Types of Diabetes Mellitus:
Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus:
Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus:
Diabetes is diagnosed by testing sugar levels in your blood.
Tests include: Glycated hemoglobin test (HbA1c), Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), Random Blood Sugar (RBS), Postprandial Blood Sugar (PPBS).
Urine test, in which the urine sample is tested for sugar and ketones.
Normal Blood Sugar Values:
Complications of Diabetes Mellitus:
There are two types of complications namely the acute and chronic complications.
Acute Complications: It includes sudden occurrence of life threatening complications like hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.
The symptoms of hypoglycemia are:
Management of hypoglycemia:
Symptoms of hyperglycemia are:
Management of hyperglycemia:
Occurs after many years of onset of diabetes. Prolonged elevation in blood sugar causes damage to blood vessels leading to following complications.
If you are diagnosed as diabetic, you should remember the below key points always.
Consult a diabetologist online for queries regarding diabetes mellitus --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/diabetologist
Last reviewed at:
03 Aug 2019 - 3 min read
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