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First aid and Emergencies

What to Do If You or Your Child Suddenly Start Bleeding from the Nose?

Written by Dr. Vaishali Mehta.  

Image: What to Do If You or Your Child Suddenly Start Bleeding from the Nose?

Epistaxis means bleeding from the nose.

Nasal bleeding can occur due to various reasons. In a child with a habit of nose picking, it is not uncommon for the nose to bleed. An adolescent male bleeding profusely should be investigated to rule out a tumor called angiofibroma. In an elderly person, a rise in blood pressure usually causes a bleed from the nose. Other causes are common cold, infections in sinuses, change in weather, bleeding disorders and cancers of the nose and sinuses.

What To Do If You or Your Child Suddenly Start Bleeding From the Nose?

The first aid measures to be taken are:

  1. Pinch the soft part of your nose with your thumb and index finger for five to 10 minutes.
  2. Keep your mouth open and breathe.
  3. Rub ice over the bridge of your nose.
  4. Do not panic and reach your doctor for further treatment.

Your doctor will examine your nose and decide on further testing and treatment based on the cause of epistaxis. He may advise nasal endoscopy and cauterization of the blood vessel. If the bleeding is profuse, you may need a nasal packing and hospitalization.

Last reviewed at: 12.Sep.2018

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