COVID-19 pandemic has affected so many people, and many of them are advised for home care. This article explains the precautionary measures at home when someone has turned COVID positive.
COVID-19 has turned to be a pandemic, and hospital availability and medical care are becoming very challenging. Doctors can ask you to take home care in the following situations:
If you turned COVID-positive and have minor or no symptoms.
If you have given for testing and not got the results yet.
Have symptoms associated with COVID-19.
It is recommended that anyone who is suspicious or has COVID should stay at home unless and until they need medical care. This will help in the limitation of the spread of infection. While staying at home, there are certain measures that you should be taking, and they are mentioned below.
Isolate yourself or at least try keeping away from others at home or even pets.
Always wear a mask. Those who have breathing difficulties or children younger than 2 years can avoid wearing a mask.
It is important to cover coughs and sneezes with tissue paper or your elbows. If you have used tissue paper, throw it right away in the dustbin and wash your hands immediately. You can wash your hands using soap and water and scrub for at least 20 seconds. Another option is the usage of hand sanitizer, which is alcohol-based.
Isolation is the best option whenever possible. Also, I prefer staying in a separate bedroom and separate washroom.
Also, all your utensils should be separate, like glasses, cups, eating utensils, dishes, etc. Do not share it with other house members. Make sure that you wash them by running through a dishwasher, or you can use hot soapy water to wash them.
The next thing is to use individual towels and bedding. Do not share these also with others.
If the child is very young or the person is very sick and not able to wear the mask, the caregivers who are attending them or who are in the same room should wear it.
Avoid any visitors. It includes both children and adults.
There should be good ventilation or airflow in the house. This can be achieved using opening the windows or turning on the air conditioner and air filters.
Everyone in the house needs to wash their hands quite often. They can use soap and water to wash their hands for at least 20 seconds, or alcohol-based hand sanitizers can be used.
While washing the clothes, towels, etc., of the affected person, it is important to wash them in extremely hot temperature water and detergent. Also, you can wear gloves while collecting them. After handling the laundry, wash the hands with soap water properly.
The household cleaner should be used to clean the entire house every day, especially anything that gets touched more often. The toys of sick children should be kept separately.
Anyone who is affected or anyone who suspects he infection or came in contact with the infected person should isolate or quarantine themselves to prevent public transmission of the virus.
If anyone who is affected or caretaker or anyone who is in the same home develops severe symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.
Apart from the above-mentioned general measures, there are certain guidelines and preventive measures for the following. (For more information, you can visit CDC and WHO websites).
a) Babies and Children-
Children under the age of 1 year might have a higher risk of contracting this infection. If the child is positive for COVID or cannot be tested or is not having any symptoms, then he or she should be discharged, and home care should be given. Baby’s caregivers should wear masks and wash their hands frequently. Avoid masks in children younger than 2 years due to suffocation. Frequently the child’s follow-up should be done with their physician by physical visits or phone or virtual visits for the first 14 days. Infants who are tested negative should also be sent home.
b) Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers-
Still, there is no such evidence supporting pregnant women or lactating mothers to be at higher risk of contracting the virus. But, those pregnant women who have got infected have shown severe illness than those who did not. Also, post-pregnancy, mothers should be careful for at least 42 days from the end of pregnancy. Not many studies are available about the transmission of COVID infection from mother to child during pregnancy or breastfeeding, but a few cases have been reported post-delivery.
When tested positive, most of the pregnant women and lactating women are sent for home care. It is advisable to take a lot of fluids and rest. Wash hands regularly with soap and water. Wear a mask even when expressing breast milk. Avoid breastfeeding during home isolation. Get a regular follow-up and get a consultation before choosing home care. In case of any emergency, get medical care immediately.
c) People With Comorbidities, Immunosuppression, Elderly, and Respiratory Disorder Patients-
Fighting with COVID for such patients is comparatively challenging, and they are at higher risk of contracting the infection too. Keep checking the vitals, especially SpO2 and the symptoms. Continue regular medicines. You can take over–the–counter medicines only after a prescription by your physician. Take care of diet, exercise, and fluids, and also adequate rest. Contact your healthcare physician before choosing home care. In case you develop severe symptoms, contact your physician immediately.
Prevention is always better than cure. It is necessary for the caretakers also to be very careful and hygienic, along with following the guidelines to avoid getting the infection.
COVID-19 has taken a big face of a pandemic, but most of the cases are not that severe. Hence, now the recent guidelines recommend homecare for a varied number of patients. It is necessary to contact the physician when you suspect or get COVID. Also, you should know what has to be done during home care to recover fast and keep others also safe from the spread of the infection. To know more about the home care tips following COVID-19 positive test results, contact a physician or specialist online.
Last reviewed at:
01 Jul 2021 - 4 min read
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