Topical corticosteroids are the cornerstone therapy for many inflammatory skin conditions. So, the judicious use of topical steroids is necessary. This article discusses the potency, uses, systemic and topical side effects of topical corticosteroids.
Corticosteroids are naturally-occurring or synthetic compounds with cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene ring. The major naturally occurring corticosteroid is cortisol, which is synthesized by the adrenal cortex. The synthetic corticosteroids are of different types and are used to treat various problematic skin conditions.
Once applied to the skin, they are absorbed into the skin surface and thereby reduce the swelling, suppress immunity, and constrict the blood vessels of the skin.
Depending on the severity of the inflammation, following corticosteroids of different potencies can be used.
Topical corticosteroids are primarily used in the treatment of:
Topical corticosteroids are not recommended for use if there is a skin infection, acne, ulcers and open wounds. Abstain from using potent and very potent topical corticosteroids like Clobetasol, Halobetasol, and Betamethasone in children, on the face and neck, in body folds, for prolonged periods or over a large area.
Side effects are more commonly seen in the area of application. They may also be seen systemically (in the body).
For more information consult a skin disorders specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/dermatologist/skin-disorders
Last reviewed at:
03 Jan 2020 - 2 min read
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