Fever has many causes viral being one of them. Viral fever is very common during the change of seasons. Different viruses like influenza virus, flavivirus, etc., can cause febrile illnesses. The viral infection can be acquired either through direct contact with the patient (droplet infection) or by a vector as in case of dengue and chikungunya, where one acquires the infection by a mosquito bite.
Chikungunya is caused by the bite of Aedes aegypti mosquito. It bites usually during day time, while malaria, which is a Plasmodium disease, occurs through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito.
- Chikungunya is characterized by high fever, severe joint pain, nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite. The most remarkable feature is joint pain which is sometimes so severe that it renders the patient unable to walk.
- Fever usually subsides in 5-7 days, however, in few patients it may take even up to 14 days. Joint pain may persist for up to four weeks.
- Chikungunya serology is the only diagnostic test.
- Treatment is symptomatic with Paracetamol and NSAIDS (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). NSAIDS should be given only after confirming a normal platelet count.
- Lots of fluids should be taken by the patient for a quick recovery. In patients who are HLA-B27 positive, the symptoms might persist for a longer period of time.
To know more about chikungunya fever consult an infectious diseases specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/general-medicine-physician/infectious-diseases
Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018
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