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Drug Addiction: Why Does It Occur and What Can We Do About It?

Written by
Dr. Alok Vinod Kulkarni
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Nov 27, 2014 and last reviewed on Sep 20, 2018   -  1 min read

Abstract

This article discusses the pathological basis of addiction and evidence-based treatment approaches.

Drug Addiction: Why Does It Occur and What Can We Do About It?

Drug dependence is on the rise and is viewed as the new age epidemic.

Drug Dependence, a Disorder of the Brain Circuitry:

A host of brain areas (multiple brain circuits) are involved in the genesis of addiction. But, the nucleus accumbens is the most often studied target. This brain structure is involved in the reward and motivation pathway.

Drug dependence is not a moral weakness, but a disorder of the brain circuitry. Drug addiction is a complex illness.

It is characterized by an uncontrollable desire to take the drug (craving), along with compulsive drug seeking that persists despite devastating consequences.

Addiction has far-reaching health and socioeconomic consequences. Drug abuse and addiction increase a person's risk for a variety of other psychiatric and physical illnesses.

Some individuals are more vulnerable than others to develop drug dependence, and this depends on the interplay between genetic makeup, the age of exposure to drugs and other environmental influences.

Treatment for Drug Addiction:

To know more about Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Motivational Enhancement Therapy, consult a psychiatrist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/psychiatrist

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Last reviewed at:
20 Sep 2018  -  1 min read

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