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Abdominal Pain and Burping

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Abdominal pain can lead to burping if excess gas gets trapped in the stomach. The article sheds more light about abdominal pain and burping.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Ghulam Fareed

Published At April 11, 2023
Reviewed AtApril 11, 2023

Introduction

Abdominal pain and burping are linked if they are due to the accumulation of gas in the stomach. There are many other reason that can cause it to. Abdominal pains seem similar to stomach aches. These pains can originate anywhere, from the chest to the pelvis. It can be dull, achy, or sharp pains.

Burping is an involuntary process that involves the expiration of the gas formed in the stomach through the mouth. It can be noisy, too. It can be due to too much air present in the stomach. Accumulated air in the stomach can cause stomach pain.

What Are the Causes of Abdominal Pain and Burping?

There are many reasons for abdominal pain and burping. Some of them are:

  • Excess Gas: When the stomach or the digestive tract has excess gas accumulated, it can cause discomfort and abdominal pains easily. Gas is not directly related to any medical condition but pressure by the gas in the abdominal tract causes bloating pain in the abdomen. The gasses get collected in the abdomen while eating and drinking. Some carbohydrates rich foods can also cause gas than foods that are protein or fats rich.

  • Eating Foods Too Quickly: When the food is eaten quickly, it can cause burping and abdominal pain. People may intake more air while eating quickly. This also causes more difficulty in digesting the food. If the gas is not eliminated in the stomach, it leads to pain in the abdomen.

  • Certain Food: Food can cause pressure to rise in certain food items and can cause more gas in the abdomen. Some of them are carbonated drinks, beer, starchy foods like potatoes, sugary items like candy, and high-fiber foods items. Some of the vegetables like cauliflower, and onions.

  • Indigestion and Heartburn: When the food is rich in fat it can cause indigestion easily. When there is burning sensation present with burping then it is mainly due to indigestion or heartburn. Some of the other foodstuffs that cause indigestion are fried foods, caffeine, alcohol, and chocolate. Even H.pylori can also cause indigestion.

  • Other Conditions: Some other conditions are also related to abdominal pain and burping. Some of them are:

  1. GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease): When the stomach acid flows back to the food pipe (passage to the the stomach from the mouth causing acid reflux) called GERD. It also causes discomfort and irritates the abdominal lining.

  2. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): It is a disorder that can affect the intestine of the body. It is associated with diarrhea, constipation, excess gas, and bloating.

  3. Infections: Infections in the stomach from H.pylori, can also cause pains in the stomach.

  4. Lactose Intolerance: It is a condition where the body cannot digest lactose-containing dairy products. It also causes abdominal pains and diarrhea.

  5. Celiac Disease: It is a condition in which the body forms an immune reaction to gluten products. Hence, these patients are allergic to gluten-containing items.

  6. Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach is called gastritis.

  7. Peptic Ulcers: Ulcers formed in the stomach.

  8. Hernia: Bulge from the inside lining of the abdominal lining.

  9. Pancreatitis: Infection and inflammation of the pancreas are called pancreatitis.

  10. Gallstones: Stones or calcium deposits in the gallbladder are called gallstones. It also causes pain in the abdomen.

  11. Internal Parasites: Parasite infections like giardiasis.

  12. Cancers: Cancer in the abdominal areas can also cause pain in the abdomen.

How to Avoid Abdominal Pain and Burping?

The remedies to avoid abdominal pain and burping are:

  • Eating the Food Quickly: When the food is eaten slowly it causes less amount of air to be entrapped in the stomach. Hence, causing fewer abdominal pains and burp issues.

  • Avoid Fried or Fatty Foods: Abdominal pains are due to gas issues, which are commonly seen after having fried or fatty foods.

  • Avoid Drinking Quickly After Eating: Drinking quickly after eating can cause abdominal pains.

  • Avoid Spicy Foodstuff: When spicy foods are eaten, it causes stomach pains and burping due to digestive tract issues.

  • Avoid Carbonated Drinks: Soft carbonated drinks are drinks that easily causes gas in the stomach, and hence, avoid sodas and beers.

  • Avoid Chewing Gums: These gums can also cause gas formation.

  • Avoiding Talking While Eating: A person should calmly and quietly eat the food, without talking as while talking air can pass through the mouth to the stomach causing pain in the stomach if pressure occurs.

  • Avoid Lying Down Soon: Lying down soon after eating also causes gastric issues.

How to Treat Abdominal Pain and Burping?

The abdominal pain and burping are treated by:

  • Supplementary Digestive Enzymes: Using a supplementary digestive product or probiotic drinks to digest the food is also one solution to gastric issues like gas.

  • Doing the Knee-To-Chest Position: It is an exercise to expel entrapped gas from the body.

  • Maintaining a Healthy Diet: It is required only to lower abdominal pain and burping but to encourage a better living and long life expectancy.

  • Drinking a Lot of Water: It causes people to have less abdominal pain and burp issues.

Is Abdominal Pain and Burping a Big Problem?

No, abdominal pain and burping are not a big problem unless they are frequent and accompanied by vomiting, abdominal pain that can last for longer periods, fever, headaches, a burning sensation in the mouth or chest pains. The individual should go to the doctor if bloody stools, severe pains in the stomach, weight loss, and loss of appetite are also present with abdominal pains and burping issues for more than a week.

Conclusion:

Abdominal pains and burping are issues of the gastric tract and are present due to gas-causing pressure in the stomach or abdominal areas. These abdominal pains are due to reasons like excess gas, quick eating, indigestion, and conditions like hernia, celiac disease, gallstones, irritable bowel syndrome, infections, and cancers. They can be prevented by avoiding quick eating, fried foods, fatty foods, spicy foods, carbonated drinks, and chewing gum. They can be treated by using probiotic drinks for digestion, having a healthy diet, doing exercises like knee-to-chest stretches, and drinking a lot of water.

Frequently Asked Questions

1.

What Could Be the Reason for Constant Burping Along With Stomach Pain?

Constant burping could indicate an inflammation in the stomach lining or an infection caused by H.pylori. It is a bacteria responsible for stomach ulcers. Stomach pain is usually accompanied by burping in case of similar infections. Appropriate treatment must be provided to prevent further complications. 

2.

Is Burping an Indication of Gastritis?

The symptoms may vary from person to person. However, burping and hiccups are common signs of gastritis. Loss of appetite, upper abdominal pain under the ribs, nausea or indigestion, etc. are the other signs of gastritis. The patient always feels bloated in case of gastritis.

3.

What Are the Three Types of Stomach Pain?

There are three types of abdominal pain. They are visceral, parietal, and referred pain. When the nerves that run through the organ get stretched, it causes visceral pain. It is usually dull and not well localized. When the wall of the stomach is affected, it causes parietal pain. A pain that has a cause elsewhere in the body, when causes pain in the stomach, is called referred pain.

4.

Is Burping a Sign of Pancreatitis?

Yes, burping can be a sign of pancreatitis. The pancreas plays an important role in the digestion of food. Any disease associated with it can cause digestion issues. This causes burping and bloating.

5.

How Can Stomach Ache Due to Gas Be Diagnosed?

The diet consumed in the previous days should be considered, to check if any of them are a causative factor. Blood tests, stool tests, and X-rays will be done to know the exact reason. Additional tests might be advised if the healthcare provider feels that some condition like a celiac disease.

6.

Is Burping a Sign of Acidity?

Acidity can be caused by gastroesophageal acid reflux. One of the common signs of acid reflux is burping. It usually occurs when the food is swallowed very fast. However, it might not be a very serious sign.

7.

What Symptoms of Abdominal Pain Should Should Be Considered Serious?

An abdominal pain lasting more than a week should be taken care of. If the pain in the abdomen worsens with time, it should be given appropriate attention. If any other signs like bloating, burning sensation while urinating, etc. are seen, it must be considered serious.

8.

How Long Would Discomfort Due To Gas Last?

Discomfort due to trapped gas may last for a few hours. Others might require home remedies or over-the-counter medications. Avoiding food or drinks that cause gas and bloating should be avoided. 

9.

What Is a Natural Cure for Gastric Discomfort?

Sometimes, gastric discomfort can be due to dehydration. Drinking water can be helpful in such cases. Home remedies like ginger, lying flat on the stomach, etc can help to get rid of gas. Walking for a few minutes can help eliminate bloating due to a sedentary lifestyle.

10.

What Medication Is Effective for Stomach Pain and Burping?

If stomach pain and discomfort are due to acidity issues, an antacid can relieve the discomfort. Bismuth subsalicylate can be helpful in conditions where burping has a sulphur-like smell. Simethicone can be helpful in eradicating discomfort due to gas.

11.

Does Stomach Ache Cause Harm?

Generally, stomach pain does not have many complications and resolves by itself. However, medical attention must be considered if it persists for long days or worsens. Abdominal pain is considered an emergency in only five percent of cases. 

12.

Does Burping Benefit the Stomach?

Burping is a naturally occurring phenomenon to expel the excess air trapped in the stomach. A little amount of air gets trapped every time one swallows food. However, if it is excessive, it should be considered. 

13.

Is Burping an IBS Symptom?

Burping can be a sign of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Bloating, constipation, etc. are other signs of IBS. IBS is a common disorder of the stomach and the intestines. The exact cause behind it is still unclear. 
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Dr. Ghulam Fareed
Dr. Ghulam Fareed

Medical Gastroenterology

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