Gastro Health

Parasitic Worm Infestations and Deworming

Written by
Dr. Vasantha K S
and medically reviewed by Dr. Madathupalayam Madhankumar

Published on Jun 04, 2018 and last reviewed on Feb 11, 2019   -  2 min read



Worm infestations are one of the major causes of stomach pain in children. Worms tend to live in the digestive tracts and feed off of the host's nutrition. This article talks about worm infestation and the importance of deworming.

Parasitic Worm Infestations and Deworming

Worms are parasites living in the different organ systems of the hosts and feed off of their nutrition. There are certain parasites, whose hosts are us, humans. They may also infest other organs of the body, but in humans, most commonly they infest the digestive tract. While parasitic infestations are not as predominant in developed countries, it is endemic to developing countries in the tropics and sub-tropics, especially in areas that are overcrowded and without proper sanitation.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Perianal itching.
  • Abdominal discomfort.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Sudden weight loss.
  • Nausea.
  • Fever.
  • Rashes.
  • Bloody stool.
  • Worm in the stool.

What Are the Causes?

The parasites which cause severe symptoms are:

  • Hookworm.
  • Tapeworm.
  • Pinworm.
  • Flukes.

How Do Worms Spread?

As children are exposed to the environment during outdoor play, they are most susceptible to get infested. They frequently get exposed by the following modes:

- Touching contaminated soil.

- Petting infested animals.

- Lack of personal hygiene.

- Not following proper handwash routine and techniques.

- Intake of contaminated food or water.

How Is It Treated?

Once worm infestation is confirmed by the doctor using blood tests, stool examination or imaging tests, deworming treatment in the form of anti-parasitic medications such as Albendazole, Mebendazole, and Ivermectin are prescribed by the doctor to be taken once. A repeat dose after a period of six months may be given.

How to Prevent Worm Infestation?

Since these parasites depend on our nutrition for their survival, they can cause anemia, malnutrition, and stunted growth periods. It is therefore imperative to prevent them in the first place or they can have long-term effects on the health. Prevention is through the maintenance of proper hygiene measures:

  1. Encourage the child to wash the hands thoroughly after play, after using the toilet and before eating, every single time.
  2. Teach kids about the importance of maintaining personal hygiene through bathing every day.
  3. Use effective disinfectants while cleaning the floor of the house.
  4. Frequently change bedcovers and pillowcases in your child's room.
  5. Trim your child's fingernails short always.
  6. Discourage them from putting their hands in their mouth as a habit.
  7. Do not allow them to share clothes, towels, and undergarments with friends.
  8. Avoid eating out in places you are unsure of.
  9. Ensure vegetables and meat are thoroughly washed and cooked at all times.
  10. Drink only boiled, cooled water that you carry from home.

For more information consult a worm infestation specialist online -->

Last reviewed at:
11 Feb 2019  -  2 min read




Related Questions & Answers

What is the reason for increase in eosinophil count?

Query: Hi doctor,Yesterday I have given my blood sample for a random test. When reports came I got shocked. Is there any big health issue? Do I need to consult the doctor for this? See below lab report: RDW-CV 14.4 high 11.6-14.0 %, Eosinophils 9.1 high 1.0-6.0 %, Absolute eosinophil count 0.70 high 0.02-0...  Read Full >>

Dr. Mahmoud Ahmed Abelrahman Abouibrahim
Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Regarding the eosinophils increase, it could be due to allergic condition or parasitic infection. So do you have any remarkable symptoms like for example coughing,sneezing, etc.? As for the elevated TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone), it is subclinical hypothyroidism...  Read Full

Is it safe to give Albendazole twice in a short interval?

Query: Hi doctor, My son is 1 year 5 month old now. He was treated with Albid suspension for worm before two months. Again he has same symptoms of worm infection now. What can I do? Is it safe to give him Albid or other medicine for worm within short interval of two months? Please suggest.  Read Full >>

Dr. Deepak Patel
Child Health Specialist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Yes, you can give him Albid (Albendazole) 10 ml at night before sleep. But, I suggest you to give syrup Bandy Plus (combination of Albendazole and Ivermectin) 10 ml at night before sleep. Because, Albid contains only Albendazole while Bandy Plus contains Albendaz...  Read Full

Why has my 11 month old baby not put on weight from the last three months?

Query: Hi doctor, My 11 month old baby has not put on any weight. Her weight is 6.5 kg now. She has been in the same weight with no increase from the past 3 months. She does not eat any other solid or semi-solid food except breast milk. Please advice.  Read Full >>

Dr. Deepak Kishore

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The amount of food eaten would vary from child to child. Decreased intake, fussy child, and worm infestation are commonest causes for decreased weight gain. I would suggest a deworming for your baby. A single dose of Syrup Albendazole 400 mg will suffice. Also, I wo...  Read Full

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Deworming or Parasitic Infection?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.
Enter Your Health Query
You can upload files and images in the next step.



Disclaimer: All health articles published on this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.