Published on Mar 05, 2019 and last reviewed on Oct 10, 2019 - 3 min read
Is the tip of your penis red and swollen? It can be a type of balanitis. This article will help you understand the causes and treatment needed.
Swelling or inflammation of the glans penis is called balanitis. And inflammation of the prepuce (foreskin) alone is called posthitis. As the swelling of both the glans penis and foreskin occur together, it is called balanoposthitis. It is a very common condition that affects 1 in every 20 men. It is painful and is commonly seen in uncircumcised men. It can be seen even in circumcised men with minimum symptoms. It is treatable and is caused due to poor hygiene and tight foreskin.
The three types of balanitis are:
Zoon’s Balanitis - It is commonly seen in middle-aged uncircumcised individuals, and causes localized lesions on the glans and foreskin.
Circinate Balanitis - It is the most common skin condition seen in reactive arthritis. The skin of the penis becomes inflamed and scaly.
Pseudoepitheliomatous Keratotic and Micaceous Balanitis - It mostly affects elder uncircumcised men, and presents as a hyperkeratotic plaque with a thick micaceous scale on the glans penis.
The factors that contribute to or cause balanitis are:
The common signs and symptoms include:
Balanitis is usually diagnosed by clinical examination. If the doctor notices inflammation and redness of the penis, they will think of all the possible irritants. After advising to prevent potential irritants, the doctor might also educate you about practicing good hygiene, safe sex, and about latex condoms.
The doctor might also rule out other health condition that might cause balanitis.
If the condition is not resolved even after following the above methods, your doctor might suggest you get the following tests done:
It is essential to get proper treatment for balanitis as early as possible. If left untreated, it can cause:
Some hygiene tips are as follows:
As soon as you notice any abnormality or changes in your penis, consult your doctor immediately. If treated early, balanitis does not cause permanent damage or complication. Your doctor will suggest the best treatment option for your condition. Self-medication is never good, as it might worsen the situation.
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