The prepuce (foreskin) is a double-layered tissue that forms the anatomical covering of the glans penis in males. In certain conditions, the prepuce is too tight and does not slide over the glans and is stuck in one place, either over the tip or behind.
When the opening of the foreskin is too small for it to be retracted behind, the condition is known as phimosis.
When the prepuce has retracted back and cannot be brought forward again, it is known as paraphimosis.
It can also lead to inflammation of the glans (balanitis) or inflammation of the glans as well as foreskin (balanoposthitis).
The treatment depends on the age, severity, and cause of phimosis.
Circumcision involves surgically cutting off the foreskin that protects and lubricates the head of the penis. Apart from being indicated for religious, cultural and social reasons, medically circumcision has been the traditional treatment for phimosis.
Phimosis is experienced by children and men for different reasons. Surgical intervention is not necessary for all male infants with a non-retractile foreskin. In infants, phimosis is the norm as the foreskin and glans develop as one. With age, the foreskin becomes more pliable and resolves on its own by the time they are seven to 10 years of age. In some boys, it can settle even later. It is not a problem unless there are symptoms. So, there is no need for parents to get anxious and choose circumcision for their healthy baby boys. Maintaining penile hygiene will help with this.
If phimosis is due to an infection (pathological), and other treatments do not help, then it is advisable to consult a urologist who can tell the difference between a normal tight foreskin and a true phimosis and accordingly advise you a treatment plan based on the severity.
For more information consult a urologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/urologistLast reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018