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Gout-Causes, Symptoms, Diagnoses, Causes, Prevention

Published on Aug 06, 2019   -  4 min read

Abstract

Do you have burning pain in your big toe at night? It can be a sign of gout. Read the article to know ways to get rid of this pain

Contents
Gout-Causes, Symptoms, Diagnoses, Causes, Prevention

What Is Gout?

Gout is a complex form of arthritis, which results from the buildup of uric acid in the body. It causes sudden pain, swelling, and redness in the joints, most commonly the big toe. You might feel like your big toe is on fire, suddenly in the middle of the night. Gout causes bouts of severe pain and tenderness in your joints. It commonly affects men, and it affects woman usually after menopause.

Quick Facts

What Causes Gout?

Hyperuricemia (excess uric acid in the blood) causes gout. Uric acid is produced when purines, which are naturally found in the body and food like seafood and organ meats, breakdown. Usually, the uric acid that is produced, gets excreted through the urine.

But if the body produces too much uric acid or the kidneys are not able to efficiently excrete it, then excess uric acid builds up in the body. The excess uric acid form urate crystals, which get accumulated in the joints. These urate crystals result in inflammation and intense joint pain.

Eating too much of foods like shellfish, red meat, sweet juices, and salt can also result in gout. Kidney problems, thyroid diseases, and medications (diuretics and Cyclosporine) can affect the body’s ability to eliminate uric acid.

What Are the Symptoms of Gout?

Patients usually experience sudden and intense pain, mostly in the night. The symptoms are:

What Are the Stages of Gout?

The four stages of gout are:

  1. Asymptomatic hyperuricemia - This stage is when the uric acid in the blood is high, but no other symptoms are seen.

  2. Acute gout - In this stage, the high uric acid results in the formation of uric acid crystals in one joint. This causes pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected joint. The pain will develop suddenly and last for 3 to 10 days. A person may have multiple such attacks over months or years.

  3. Interval gout - Otherwise called intercritical gout, is the time between two attacks of acute gout.

  4. Chronic tophaceous gout - If gout is left untreated for many years, hard nodules (tophi) form in the joints and surrounding tissue. This permanently damages your joints.

What Are the Risk Factors for Gout?

How Is Gout Diagnosed?

Depending on the clinical presentation, medical history, and physical examination, your doctor will come to a diagnosis. If necessary, you might need to do the following tests:

What Are the Treatment Options for Gout?

Medications:

Home Remedies:

How to Prevent Gout?

Steps to prevent gout are:

What Are the Complications of Gout?

Some of the complications are:

If your pain is getting worse and gout attacks are becoming frequent, consult a rheumatologist online now.

 

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Frequently Asked Questions


1.

What Can Trigger An Attack Of Gout?

Some of the main triggers are joint injury, surgery, chronic illness, infection, taking Cyclosporine and diuretic medications, and chemotherapy. The other causes are fasting, crash diet, alcoholism, dehydration, and sweet beverages.

2.

What Is The First Sign Of Gout?

The first signs of gout are sudden and severe joint pain, joint tenderness, and joint stiffness. It usually affects the joint of the big toe.

3.

What Foods Get Rid Of Gout?

Foods like fruits, vegetables, soy items, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products might help in lowering uric acid levels and prevent gout.

4.

What Is The Best Thing To Drink If You Have Gout?

Drinking coffee and cherry juice regularly has shown to reduce the risk of gout.

5.

What Is The Best Painkiller For Gout Pain?

Painkillers like Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Colchicine, and Prednisone are effective in relieving gout pain.

6.

How Long Does Gout Last?

The acute attacks of gout can last anywhere between 3 to 10 days.

7.

How To Get Rid Of Gout?

Making lifestyle changes and avoiding foods that trigger gout will prevent acute attacks. During acute attacks, painkillers like Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Colchicine, and Prednisone are used.

8.

What Foods Cause Gout?

Food items that need to be avoided are alcohol, red meat, organ meat (kidney, liver), seafood (shrimp, lobster), and sweetened beverages.

9.

How To Treat Gout Naturally?

Some natural treatment includes cherries, magnesium supplements, ginger, apple cider vinegar, and hibiscus.

Last reviewed at:
06 Aug 2019  -  4 min read

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