This article describes the process of aging and helps you understand the various causes of premature aging and ways you can avoid it
'How old are you?' she asked.
'I'm forty years young,' he replied, a smug smile on his face.
That cheesy line is from a novel I read sometime back. Most of us want to stay young. However, that seldom happens. So we strive for the next best alternative - feel and look young.
When it comes to looks, as we age, the skin in our face begins to breakdown and signs of aging start to show. The things we neglect in our 20s starts showing up on our face as we enter our 40s and 50s. Before discussing anti-aging treatments, let us see the causes and early signs of aging.
For the skin to remain healthy and young looking, it needs collagen and elastin. With age, the body struggles to produce enough collagen and elastin to maintain healthy skin, which results in wrinkles and makes the skin thinner and dryer.
Skin gets damaged from exposure to sun’s UV rays, which gets accumulated over time and results in fine lines, dark spots, dullness, and other signs of aging. Smoking quickens the aging process, and alcohol dehydrates and damages the skin. Consuming food that contains a lot of sugar and carbohydrate accelerates aging.
The most common changes seen on the face skin are:
Crow’s Feet - Wrinkles in the corner of the eyes are called crow’s feet. It can also occur in the mid-20s as the skin around the eye is thin and lacks oil glands. As aging causes the elasticity of the skin to go down, the skin is unable to go back to its original state.
Wrinkles Around the Eyes - Fine lines and folds under your eyes or between the eyelids and eyebrows are called wrinkles.
Age Spots - Skin discoloration is caused by exposure to the sun’s UV rays, which results in excess melanin production.
Bags Under the Eyes - Mild swelling or puffiness in the lower eyelid is common with age. The muscles supporting the eyelids weaken and the normal fat moves to the lower eyelid, which results in these under-eye bags.
Laugh Lines - Due to repeated facial expressions and movements, lines and folds form on the sides of the nose to the corner of the mouth.
Droopy Eyelids - As the normal fat that helps support the eyes move down, the eyelids become droopy.
Frown Lines - Wrinkles between the eyebrows and forehead are called frown lines.
Loose Skin - The skin starts to sag as the elastin in the skin begins to breakdown, especially the lower cheeks and jawline.
Dull Skin - Due to the buildup of dead skin cells on the face, the skin looks dull.
Crepey Skin - Dry and coarse skin that feels rough to touch is called crepey skin or elephant skin. Repeated stretching and low elastin cause this.
1) Anti-Aging Creams:
Anti-aging cream contains moisturizers and other ingredients like:
Retinoids - They are vitamin A derivatives, and increase collagen production and reduce fine lines and wrinkles. It reduces age spots and improves skin tone.
Epidermal growth factor - It boosts cell renewal and collagen production and has anti-inflammatory properties when applied topically. Thus it is useful in reducing fine lines, wrinkles, and sagging.
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA) - They are used as chemical peels, which exfoliate the skin, reduce fine lines, and improve the skin tone.
Salicylic acid - It is the commonly seen ingredient in many over-the-counter anti-aging creams. It reduces blackheads and whiteheads by penetrating the pores. It also exfoliates the skin and reduces the signs of aging.
Vitamin C - The antioxidants present in vitamin C increases collagen production and reduces wrinkles.
Caffeine - When applied on the skin, it is believed to prevent the growth of skin cancer and reduce wrinkles.
Hyaluronic Acid - Hyaluronic acid is naturally produced in the body, which reduces with age. On topical use, it makes the skin even and smooth.
Coenzyme Q-10 - CoQ-10 is an antioxidant naturally produced by the body. As its production reduces with age, creams containing C0Q-10 reduces crow’s feet and wrinkles.
Sunscreens - Sunscreens protects the skin from the harmful effects of the sun’s UV radiation.
2) Chemical Peels:
Chemical peels, otherwise called derma-peeling or chemexfoliation, uses chemical solutions to remove the outer layers of the skin. The skin that is formed is smooth and younger-looking. The chemicals used are AHAs, BHA, and retinoic acid.
In this treatment, a rapidly rotating brush is used, which removes the surface layer of the skin. After the procedure, the new skin that is formed is smooth and wrinkle-free.
The skin is sandblasted with aluminum-oxide crystals using vacuum suction. Unlike dermabrasion, only a very fine layer of the skin is removed.
For quick results, soft tissue fillers are injected into the skin to give it more volume and to remove wrinkles and fine lines. The fillers commonly used are:
Here, laser beams are used to breakdown the outer layer of the skin, and the heat to the underlying tissue stimulates the growth of collagen. After a few sittings, the skin becomes firmer and fresh.
7) Face Lift:
It is a surgical procedure, where excess skin and fat is removed.
Follow these tips to prevent premature aging:
Protect the skin from sun exposure by using sunscreens of SPF 30 or higher, use sunglasses, and cover yourself with clothing.
Avoid artificial tan, as it can speed-up aging.
Eat a healthy and balanced diet.
Avoid excess consumption of alcohol.
Wash your face gently and avoid scrubbing roughly, as it can irritate your skin.
Wash your face with a gentle cleanser twice a day.
Always moisturize your skin after washing it.
Do not use skin products that sting or burn on application.
If you already have signs of premature aging, a few changes in your lifestyle can help you. To know more about anti-aging treatments, book real-time video consultations with professionally trained dermatologists online.
You can follow the following tips while selecting an anti-aging cream.
- Sunscreen lotions and moisturizers have the best anti-aging property. Choose a sunscreen lotion with SPF 30.
- Buy a cream that would suit your skin type. You can get help from your dermatologist for this.
- It is good and safe to choose a product that does not cause any allergic reactions.
The dermatologists recommend an anti-aging product that would have the following ingredients:
- Vitamin C.
- Hyaluronic acid.
- Salicylic acid.
The brand name might vary according to the availability and recommendations of the dermatologists.
The below tips can help your face from aging:
- Use a sunscreen lotion when you prefer to go outdoors.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol as it can provide you an aged look.
- A self-tanner can help you stay safe from harmful ultraviolet rays.
- If you are sweating too much, you need to wash your face with gentle soaps.
- It is good to avoid several facials as the creams used in the facial might not be suitable for repetitive usage.
- Vaseline can be used as a preventive option for slowing down the process of aging.
The anti-aging creams are totally based on an individual's preference. The recommended cream that is suitable for one person might not be favorable for another as the skin type might vary from one person to another. It is better to get advice from a dermatologist to avoid complications like rashes and skin allergies. It is also essential for you to inform the doctor about your medical history so that they can recommend appropriate creams.
Collagen-based facial creams can help in tightening the skin. Collagen will help in maintaining the elasticity of the skin. It also maintains the skin in a soft texture. Creams containing vitamin C can also help in this purpose. Lotions and creams that contain lactic acid can help in reducing the wrinkles on the face.
In some people, an aged look approaches during the later part of 60 years. But in some, wrinkles and sagging muscles can be noted in the early times of 40 years. The process of aging is more pronounced in women as a natural metabolic phenomenon. In most cases, it is not possible to note down when the aging starts as it is a progressive process.
There is a tendency of the body's metabolism to show a more aged look for women than men. The loss of tonicity of the muscle is the main reason for an aged look in both men and women. This muscular tonicity is lost at a greater rate in females. This is particularly noted in 50-60 years of age.
A survey from the United States of America suggests that both men and women are attractive during their thirties. Another study suggests that women are very beautiful and attractive during the age of 20-25. However, a young and attractive look depends on the physical fitness and diet pattern of the individual.
A few facial features can make a person look younger. They are:
- A full-face with good volume.
- A neckline that is very firm.
- Smooth and clear skin.
- Prominent and high cheekbones.
- Higher facial contrast.
- Fuller lips.
Yes, it is possible to reverse the aging process. Foods like blueberries, papaya, spinach, and red bell pepper are known to provide nourishment to the body. This will give a glowing skin. In addition to this, a healthy and well-balanced diet can help in the premature aging of the skin. Regular exercises can slow the aging process.
Foods that help to fight against the aging process are:
- Red bell pepper. They are filled with antioxidants that control aging.
Natural home remedies are beneficial in removing wrinkles. Applying coconut oil and sunscreen lotions provide better results. Certain lifestyle changes like avoiding cigarettes and alcohol, would help. It is recommended to consume lemon balm leaf tea and foods that are rich in beta carotene.
It is necessary to avoid the below-mentioned factors to look young.
- Junk foods.
- Repetitive washing of the face.
- Multiple facial appointments.
- Oily foods.
- Excessive exposure to the sun.
- Sleeping on your side.
Vitamin D plays a vital role in providing a youthful appearance to the skin. In addition to this, vitamin C, E, and K are also helpful in maintaining healthy skin. It is possible to easily get vitamin D supplementation by standing in the sunlight for 10 to 15 minutes.
Keeping your skin moist and hydrated all the time will prevent drying and adds moisture to the skin. Use coconut oil for hydrating the skin. Eat fish regularly as it can provide a shiny appearance to the skin. You can also drink fruit juices as it helps in maintaining the muscle tone.
Beetroot juice is one of the excellent natural remedies to prevent aging of the skin and wrinkles. It is rich in vitamin A, carotenoids, and folate. This helps in increasing blood circulation throughout the skin. As a result, wrinkles in the skin can be prevented.
Carrot juice is the best option for improving skin tone. The vitamin A present in the carrot helps in preventing pigmentation and irregular skin tone. Wrinkles can be prevented by consuming beetroot juice. In addition to this, a red apple smoothie can also help in maintaining good tonicity of the muscle.
Below mentioned juices are most recommended to make your skin glow.
- Green apple.
- Cherry juice.
- Aloe vera.
Last reviewed at:
07 Nov 2019 - 5 min read
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