'How old are you?' she asked.
'I'm forty years young,' he replied, a smug smile on his face.
That cheesy line is from a novel I read sometime back. Most of us want to stay young. However, that seldom happens. So we strive for the next best alternative - feel and look young.
When it comes to looks, as we age, the skin on our faces begins to break down, and signs of aging start to show. The things we neglect in our 20s start showing up on our faces as we enter our 40s and 50s. Before discussing anti-aging treatments, let us see the causes and early signs of aging.
What Causes the Skin to Age?
For the skin to remain healthy and young looking, it needs collagen and elastin. However, with age, the body struggles to produce enough collagen and elastin to maintain a healthy skin, which results in wrinkles and makes the skin thin and dried up.
Skin gets damaged from exposure to the sun’s UV rays, which accumulate over time and result in fine lines, dark spots, dullness, and other signs of aging. Smoking fastens the aging process, and alcohol dehydrates and damages the skin. Consuming food that contains a lot of sugar and carbohydrates accelerates aging.
What Are the Signs of Aging Skin?
The most common changes seen on the skin of the face are:
1. Crow’s Feet:
Wrinkles in the corner of the eyes are called crow’s feet. It can also occur in the mid-20s as the skin around the eye is thin and lacks oil glands. As aging causes the elasticity of the skin to go down, the skin is unable to go back to its original state.
2. Wrinkles Around the Eyes:
Fine lines and folds under the eyes or between the eyelids and eyebrows are called wrinkles.
3. Age Spots:
Skin discoloration is caused by exposure to the sun’s UV rays, which results in excess melanin production.
4. Bags Under the Eyes:
Mild swelling or puffiness in the lower eyelid is common with age. The muscles supporting the eyelids weaken, and the normal fat moves to the lower eyelid, which results in these under-eye bags.
5. Laugh Lines:
Due to repeated facial expressions and movements, lines and folds form on the sides of the nose to the corner of the mouth.
6. Droopy Eyelids:
As the normal fat that helps support the eyes move down, the eyelids become droopy.
7. Frown Lines:
The wrinkles between the eyebrows and forehead are called frown lines.
8. Loose Skin:
The skin starts to sag as the elastin in the skin begins to break down, especially in the lower cheeks and jawline.
9. Dull Skin:
Due to the buildup of dead skin cells on the face, the skin looks dull.
10. Crepey Skin:
Dry and coarse skin that feels rough to touch is called crepey skin or elephant skin. Repeated stretching and low elastin cause this.
What Are the Anti-Aging Treatment Options?
1) Anti-Aging Creams:
Anti-aging cream contains moisturizers and other ingredients like:
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA) - They are used as chemical peels, which exfoliate the skin, reduce fine lines, and improve the skin tone.
2) Chemical Peels:
Chemical peels, otherwise called derma-peeling or chemexfoliation, use chemical solutions to remove the outer layers of the skin. The skin that is formed is smooth and younger-looking. The chemicals used are AHAs, BHA, and retinoic acid.
In this treatment, a rapidly rotating brush is used, which removes the surface layer of the skin. After the procedure, the new skin formed is smooth and wrinkle-free.
The skin is sandblasted with aluminum-oxide crystals using vacuum suction. Unlike dermabrasion, only a very fine layer of the skin is removed.
For quick results, soft tissue fillers are injected into the skin to give it more volume and remove wrinkles and fine lines. The fillers commonly used are:
Here, laser beams break down the outer layer of the skin, and the heat to the underlying tissue stimulates collagen growth. After a few sittings, the skin becomes firmer and fresh.
7) Face Lift:
It is a surgical procedure where excess skin and fat are removed.
What Are the Ways to Reduce Premature Skin Aging?
Follow these tips to prevent premature aging:
To know more about anti-aging treatments, book real-time video consultations with professionally trained dermatologists online.
Aging is a natural process that occurs over time. No one can stop the aging process. However, one can delay the onset of aging by taking proper care of the skin. In addition, various anti-aging treatments can also diminish the signs of aging.
Frequently Asked Questions