It has been said that depression is a common cold of psychiatry and it is very common in our society. There is 12% to 16% risk of developing depression to any individual during his or her lifetime. And it is more common in women than in men.
The etiology is on the basis of bio-psycho-social model; -- meaning there is a genetic component, there are neurotransmitter changes, daily hussles, chronic life stressors -- all these work in the development of depression.
If a person develops depression then, it does not mean that he is weak from his mind. Every individual is susceptible to it. Depression is diagnosed according to cluster of symptoms like duration of more than 14 days, with symptoms like:
- Persistent sadness most of the time of day
- Decreased interest in previously pleasurable activities,
- Sleep disturbances,
- Appetite changes,
- Easy fatigability,
- Decreased concentration in work,
- Excessive inappropriate guilt,
- Death wishes and
- Suicidal thoughts.
The last 2 symptoms(Death wishes and Suicidal thoughts) when present, it indicates these are depression and immediate intervention and hospitalization is needed.
It has been researched and proved that up to 70% of the patient improves with anti-depressant medications only and 85% of the patient improves with electroconvulsive therapy. Electroconvulsive therapy(ECT) is safe and very effective in context of its beneficial effects.
Last reviewed at: 06.Sep.2018
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Depression is among the top five causes of morbidity in today’s world. It remains largely undiagnosed and underreported because of a lack of adequate knowledge, both among the patients as well as the physicians. It is majorly characterized by the presence of a continuous sad mood, anhedonia, and easy fatiguability along with a host of secondary symptoms, which aid in quantifying the severity of the depressive disorder. So, it is the need of the hour that awareness is raised among the masses regarding this illness that is soon poised to be the number one cause of morbidity. Read Article »
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I am developing withdrawal symptoms of Paroxetine. Please help.
I am a 26 year old male, and I am a doctor. From the past year, I have been suffering from delayed onset sleep disorder, I sleep at 4 AM and wake up after noon. I saw a psychiatrist, and he put me on Melatonin, Modafinil, and Zolfresh. But I am still unable to sleep at the desired time, a... Read Full »
Dr. Awadhesh P Singh Solanki
Welcome to icliniq.com.
Thanks for this query.
I can understand your concern regarding your delayed onset insomnia. Sleep is very important for a good mental health. Sleep disturbances can cause depression and vice versa
I have read your history carefully. You are suffering from insomnia, whic...
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