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Vertigo: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Published on Mar 14, 2018 and last reviewed on Jun 03, 2022   -  4 min read


Vertigo is a feeling of off-balance or sensation of dizziness. A variety of conditions causes it. The below article details the same.

Vertigo: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

What Is Vertigo?

Vertigo is a common issue that refers to a sensation of being dizzy or feeling off-balance. It can cause a feeling that the environment around a person is spinning in circles. Vertigo is not a disorder. Instead, it is a symptom of varying conditions. Vertigo attacks can affect people of any age, but they are more common in older individuals. Women are more likely to be affected by vertigo than men. Some women may experience vertigo as a side effect of pregnancy. On average, vertigo attacks persist for several seconds to several minutes. However, some people can experience vertigo for hours, days, weeks, or even months in severe cases. Vertigo can be frightening, but the condition itself is not considered severe. However, it can be associated with other potentially serious health conditions. Therefore, informing healthcare providers of recurrent or prolonged vertigo attacks is essential.

What Are the Different Types of Vertigo?

The two main types of vertigo are as follows:

What Causes Vertigo?

An inner ear problem often causes vertigo. Common causes of vertigo include:

Less common causes of vertigo are:

What Are the Symptoms of Vertigo?

Vertigo is a symptom of several conditions. However, vertigo can also develop along with other symptoms, including:

How Is Vertigo Treated?

Most vertigo cases go away on their own. However, several treatments can successfully manage vertigo. The vertigo treatment depends on its cause. The most common vertigo treatments include:

How Is Vertigo Prevented?

A few steps may help reduce the risk of vertigo. These include:

When to See a Health Care Professional for Vertigo?

If vertigo becomes severe or recurrent, call a healthcare provider. There may be an underlying medical problem that is causing vertigo symptoms. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can help in deciding an effective treatment plan.


Vertigo often comes suddenly without warning. It causes dizziness and makes one feel like spinning around. This condition can arise for many reasons, such as infections, injuries, migraines, and other health conditions, but the most common cause is an inner ear problem. Although vertigo attacks can be scary, they go away quickly in most cases. However, for severe or prolonged vertigo, the symptoms can be associated with another medical condition. Treating the underlying cause of vertigo is the most effective way to reduce discomfort and provide long-term relief. The healthcare provider can help detect the root cause of vertigo and determine an effective treatment plan to help a person with vertigo get back to normal life.


Last reviewed at:
03 Jun 2022  -  4 min read




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