A tension headache is a dull, persistent pain that occurs in the temporal region (part of head just above the ears) in a band like distribution and may radiate forward to the frontal (forehead) region or backward to the occipital (part of head just above the neck) region. It is also referred to as a muscle contraction headache.
What Causes Tension Headache?
Types of tension headache:
There are two types of tension headache. They are
Episodic tension headache is diagnosed when the headache lasts from thirty minutes to seven days accompanied by two of the following characteristics:
Chronic tension headache is characterised by average headache frequency of fifteen days per month for six months in a year, frequently associated analgesic overuse, superimposed migrainous features intermittently.
Non pharmacologic approaches include physical therapy to the head and neck region and biofeedback. However, the benefits are generally short lived and long term results are disappointing.
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