ADVERTISEMENT
Neurological Health Data Verified

Recovery After Stroke

Published on Sep 27, 2022 and last reviewed on Nov 02, 2022   -  6 min read

Abstract

Recovery time after a stroke is different for every patient and may take weeks, months, or possibly even years.

Introduction

A stroke is a medical emergency when the blood supply to the brain or part of the brain is interrupted and thus hampers the continuous demand for oxygen to the brain. Depending on the severity of the stroke, recovery time varies from weeks, months, to years. At times, even complete recovery from stroke mainly leaves behind certain lifestyle limitations. The faster the treatment, the better during a stroke. It should be noted that strokes are not generally easy to recognize.

What Are the Causes of a Stroke?

Risks and complications due to stroke occur due to a variety of underlying reasons. Strokes are standard in older adults and individuals with a family history of stroke. There are two kinds of stroke- an ischaemic stroke and a hemorrhagic stroke. An ischemic stroke is when blood flow is completely blocked. At the same time, a hemorrhagic stroke is when the artery of the brain starts bleeding and leaking blood into the brain. Many reasons may result in a stroke on the right side of the brain. Mentioned below are a few of the causes of right-sided stroke.

  • A clot from another body part.

  • A lump in a brain vessel.

  • A tear in a vessel of the brain.

  • High blood pressure.

  • Over-treatment or overdose of blood thinners.

  • Severe trauma.

  • Aneurysm.

  • Cerebral amyloid angiopathy.

  • Arteriovenous malformation.

  • Fatty deposits build up in blood vessels.

  • Covid-19 infection.

  • Smoking.

  • Tobacco consumption.

  • Second-hand smoking.

  • Atrial fibrillation.

  • Diabetes mellitus.

  • Overweight and obesity.

  • Family history of stroke.

  • Certain medications and allergies.

  • Sedentary lifestyle.

  • High levels of cholesterol.

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol.

  • Stress.

  • History of a heart attack.

  • Irregular heartbeat or heart rhythm.

  • Conditions that affect the health of blood vessels.

  • Enlarged heart.

  • Carotid artery stenosis.

  • A diet rich in saturated fat.

  • Over intake of sodium.

  • A diet rich in trans fat.

  • Drug abuse from cocaine, amphetamines, and heroin.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke?

Symptoms of a right-sided stroke are generally seen on the left side and left body parts. However, symptoms of a left-sided stroke are eventually caught on the right side of the body. Mentioned below are some of the signs and symptoms of a right-sided stroke. It should be noted that the clinical manifestations of a stroke vary in individuals and depend on the underlying cause of the stroke and the type of stroke the individual has been affected with.

  • Sudden weakness of the face.

  • Liability of the arm or leg.

  • Severe dizziness.

  • Balance problems.

  • Difficulty walking.

  • Confusion.

  • Head pain.

  • Muscle loss on the left side of the body.

  • The vision is blurred.

  • Seeing issues from the left side of each eye.

  • Hearing problems.

  • Sensory changes on the left side of the body.

  • Problems with depth perception.

  • Not understanding directions.

  • Memory problems.

  • Difficulty in problem-solving.

  • Not able to make decisions.

  • Problems in breathing.

  • Difficulty in chewing and swallowing.

  • Slurred way of speaking.

  • Drooping on the left side of the face.

  • Paralysis in the left side of the body.

  • Loss of consciousness.

  • Blinding pain.

  • Vertigo.

  • Generalized numbness.

  • Stiffness of muscles.

  • Rapid involuntary eye movement.

  • Reduced sensation of touch.

  • Pins and needles.

  • Overactive reflexes.

  • Fatigue.

  • Temporary loss of vision.

What to Expect After a Stroke?

Uncommon to popular beliefs, post an episode of a stroke, an individual has a high chance of living an independent life provided the recovery and diagnosis time are prompt. Unfortunately, this is not the case for a few stroke patients, and unfortunately, the presence of the below-mentioned conditions may persist lifelong.

  • Paralysis.

  • Weakness.

  • Trouble thinking.

  • Lack of surrounding awareness.

  • Low attention span.

  • Inability to learn.

  • Poor judgment.

  • Memory loss.

  • Perceive a problem.

  • Difficulty in forming speech.

  • Trouble controlling anger.

  • Inability to express emotions.

  • Numbness.

  • Strange sensations.

  • Generalized body pain that worsens with movement.

  • Temperature changes.

  • Hot flushes.

  • Difficulty chewing and swallowing.

  • Complications with bladder and bowel control.

  • Depression.

  • Altered behavior.

  • A drastic personality change.

How Is a Stroke Treated?

There are currently many treatment modalities for a stroke, whether on the right side of the brain or the left side. According to the signs and symptoms, both invasive and non-invasive treatment options and management plans for stroke should be provided by the health care provider after a complete physical examination and taking into account the medical and drug history of the individual. Mentioned below are the available treatment options that are best decided by the health care provider keeping in mind the underlying cause of the stroke.

  • Embolectomy.

  • Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator or TPA injection.

  • Alteplase or Activase injection.

  • Tenecteplase or TNKase injection.

  • Vertebrobasilar angioplasty.

  • Physical therapy—to improve movement.

  • Occupational therapy—to help with daily tasks and self-care.

  • Carotid Endarterectomy.

  • Speech therapy—to improve swallowing and speech.

  • Psychological therapy—to provide support after the stroke.

What Is Involved in Stroke Rehabilitation?

Stroke rehabilitation includes therapy for the individual's physical, psychological, speech, and occupational aspects. The various factors that are included in stroke rehabilitation are mentioned as follows.

  • Motor-skill exercises to improve your muscle strength and coordination.

  • Mobility training such as a walker, canes, wheelchair, or ankle brace.

  • Constraint-induced therapy to move the affected limb and help improve its function.

  • Forced-use therapy.

  • Range-of-motion therapy to help you regain range of motion.

  • Functional electrical stimulation to help re-educate your muscles.

  • Robotic technology to help the limbs regain strength and function.

  • Wireless technology to help increase post-stroke activity.

  • Virtual reality.

  • Therapy for cognitive disorders such as memory, processing, problem-solving, social skills, judgment, and safety awareness.

  • Therapy for communication disorders can help regain lost speaking, listening, writing, and comprehension abilities.

  • Psychological evaluation and treatment.

  • Emotional adjustment.

  • Counseling.

  • Participation in a support group.

  • Antidepressant.

  • Medication that affects alertness, agitation, or movement.

  • Non-invasive brain stimulation.

  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation helps improve a variety of motor skills.

  • Biological therapies, such as stem cells.

  • Alternative medicine.

  • Massage.

  • Acupuncture.

  • Oxygen therapy.

  • Occupational therapy improves daily activities, such as eating, drinking, dressing, bathing, reading, and writing.

Conclusion

A stroke is a medical emergency that causes damage to the brain from interruption of blood and, eventually, oxygen supply. Early treatment may minimize brain damage. The recovery rate is most remarkable in the weeks and months after a stroke. Recovering from a stroke can be a long and tiresome experience. It's normal to face frustration along the way. However, strong dedication and eagerness to work toward improvement will help gain the most benefit.

ADVERTISEMENT
Article Resources

Last reviewed at:
02 Nov 2022  -  6 min read

RATING

15

Tags:

Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers


Can you please suggest how to improve my father's urine output after a brain stroke?

Query: Hello doctor,My 70 years old father had a brain stroke, and he has been operated thrice since then, including VP shunt. He is diabetic, and his condition has not improved yet. He is in the ICU, and his urine output has decreased to 10 ml per hour. They performed dialysis two days back, but there is ...  Read Full »

Risks of Stroke in Young Cancer Patients

Article Overview: Cancer shows drastic effects on the body. Read the article to know more about the association of cancer with stroke in young patients. Read Article


Y Gayathri
Y Gayathri
Dentistry

Introduction Cancer makes the body amenable to various other problems or disorders in the body. The body becomes prey to multiple disorders either due to the cancer treatment or due to the disease itself. Even with many advancements in cancer therapy, the treatment is still a ghastly one. Many studi...  Read Article

My mother was admitted to the emergency room for nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. What do her CT scan reports mean?

Query: Hello doctor, Recently, my mother was admitted to the emergency room due to nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Her blood pressure was 140/86 mm Hg. Also, she had a weakness in her legs. She underwent a CT scan a few days back. The report is as follows: Small hypodensities in the left periventricul...  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Stroke or ?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website. Read our Editorial Process to know how we create content for health articles and queries.