Slipping rib syndrome is a painful condition where the lower ribs slip away from their normal position and move up and down. Read the article to know more.
In general, there are three types of ribs, namely,
True Ribs - These are the first seven ribs attached to the sternum (breastbone) with the help of costosternal joints and ligaments.
False Ribs - These are ribs from 8 to 10, attached to one another with the help of weak fibrous or cartilaginous bands. Slipping rib syndrome usually involves false ribs.
Floating Ribs - The floating ribs are the eleventh and twelfth ribs because they are neither attached to the sternum nor attached to one another.
Slipping rib syndrome is a rare condition where the ribs fall from their normal position due to the movement of the ligaments causing abdominal pain or back pain.
This condition affects women slightly more than men. It is a rare syndrome and can affect persons of any age group following a trauma or surgery. The ribs involved are the eighth, ninth, and tenth ribs, as they are not connected to the central chest bone but attached to each other by loose tissues and ligaments. Although this allows for more flexibility and movement, it makes these ribs more prone to slipping in case of an injury or blow.
Slipped rib syndrome.
Clicking rib syndrome.
Painful rib syndrome.
Twelfth rib syndrome.
Chest pain-slipping rib.
Slipping rib syndrome is a condition that usually affects 20 to 40 % of individuals; however, it does not affect younger children. This is due to their chest flexibility. Slipping rib syndrome is relatively common in middle-aged women but can occur in individuals of any age.
Slipping rib syndrome can result in symptoms that vary from one person to another. The common symptoms include:
Sharp and intermittent stabbing pain in the upper abdomen or back followed by a dull and achy feeling.
Sensations of the lower ribs slipping or popping.
These symptoms worsen on bending, coughing, lifting heavy objects, sneezing, stretching, deep breathing, etc. Only one side gets affected in most cases, but it can affect both sides. Consult a doctor immediately if you experience breathing problems or chest pain, as these are also signs of a heart attack.
There are various causes of slipping rib syndrome, which includes:
Weakness in chest muscles or ligaments - this is because of hypermobility of the eighth, ninth, and tenth ribs.
Trauma or injury to the ribs.
Degeneration of muscle tissue that is attached to the ligaments.
Severe and persistent cough.
After a thorough history, the doctor will perform the 'hooking maneuver' test to confirm the slipping rib syndrome. In this test, the doctor will hook his fingers under the patient's last rib and move upwards and backward. If this action causes pain, then a diagnosis is made.
As many other conditions can result in similar symptoms, the doctor will try to rule out these conditions with the help of some tests.
Some other conditions that result in similar symptoms are:
Sleep disturbances with liver cirrhosis.
Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder).
Costochondritis (inflammation of the chondral cartilage).
Esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus).
Some heart problems.
Various treatment options are available and given depending on the severity of pain and discomfort. For mild to moderate symptoms, the treatment options include:
Alternative Hot and Cold Compression - Apply hot and cold compressions alternatively 3 to 4 times a day, which will help relieve pain.
Stretch and rotation exercises.
Physiotherapy - Consult a trained physiotherapist to learn proper physical therapy methods.
Painkillers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Take plenty of rest.
Avoid all strenuous activities.
The Treatment Options for Severe Cases Include:
Corticosteroid Injections - Corticosteroids are injected at the site of pain, which helps reduce swelling.
Ultrasound Therapy - The nerve endings are blocked to reduce swelling and promote rib mobilization.
Prolotherapy - Here, nerve endings are stimulated, which promotes the body's natural healing process.
Breathing Exercise - Taking a deep breath and releasing your breath slowly after holding it for 10 to 15 seconds will increase rib mobilization.
Pressure Exercises - A doctor will carefully apply pressure on your chest wall and ask you to take deep breaths. The pressure application area is moved from one place to another.
Chest Muscle Expansion - Thoracic extension and flexion exercises can be done in which the patient sits or stands straight and pushes their shoulder back. This expands the chest muscles. They then bring the shoulders forward to compress the chest muscles.
Seated Rotation Exercises - This is done by sitting and turning the chest and shoulder on one side as much as possible. Similarly, it should be done for the other side.
All these exercises need to be done under strict medical supervision, as they can worsen your symptoms.
In some severe cases, where no other treatment option helped, a costal cartilage excision surgery is done.
As the symptoms of slipping rib syndrome are general and nonspecific, they can be confused with a different condition. Hence it is essential to address the concern earliest and get treated soon.
Slipping rib syndrome is characterized by joint instability. Therefore, the affected person should avoid push-ups and exercises with throwing or pitching motions as this exercise exerts pressure on the chest. Also, contact sports like football, basketball, etc., should be avoided.
There are no long-term complications. The possible complications include:
Corticosteroid injection results in lung collapse (pneumothorax).
Pain, in most cases of slipped rib syndrome, gets better with medications over time. In some rare cases, the pain becomes chronic, which requires injections or surgery. Talk to an orthopedician and traumatologist online through phone or video consultation for more information on slipping rib syndrome.
Slipping rib syndrome does not always require long-term treatment and can reside on its own. The affected person requires intercostal nerve block or surgical treatment in severe cases. When a person is diagnosed with slipping rib syndrome, he should not be involved in sporting activities or exercises that put pressure on the chest to reduce further complications.
A person with slipped rib syndrome might suffer from back pain, stomach pain, popping or clicking sensation in the ribs, and breathing problems.
With proper rest, applying heat and cold, painkillers (Ibuprofen, Naproxen), stretching, rotation exercises, and avoiding strenuous activities, most cases of slipped rib syndrome resolves on its own.
It usually takes around a week or 7 days for the symptoms of slipped rib syndrome to get better.
No, an X-ray will not help in diagnosing this condition. Slipped rib syndrome is usually diagnosed with the hooking maneuver. X-rays or MRI scan is done for differential diagnoses, which means to rule out other conditions that can result in similar symptoms.
This syndrome does not lead to any internal damage or severe complications. But in a few, it can cause longterm pain, which might make doing day to day activities such as turning while lying down or buttoning you bra painful.
Slipping rib syndrome has been reported to go away on its own without treatment in some. In case of severe and chronic pain, consider getting an intercostal nerve block.
If you experience chest pain, breathing difficulties, and shortness of breath, it is wise to consult a doctor immediately, as it can be signs of a heart attack or some other life-threatening conditions.
Avoid sleeping on the side where the ribs are sore or slipped. If possible, sleep in a supine position, that is lying flat with your face and torso facing up.
Last reviewed at:
22 Jan 2022 - 5 min read
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