Whenever a female has unprotected intercourse without using any kind of contraception, a chance of pregnancy is present. The female sometimes does not want to bear the risk of having a child at that point in her life. So, emergency contraception options are beneficial in such a case, to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. In this article, we will discuss in detail about the methods of emergency contraception available and their mechanisms.
Emergency contraception is a method to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse has taken place.
Hereby, you can see different methods with the dose of drugs.
1. Hormonal pills:
Two doses of oral combined contraceptive pills can be taken. It is called Yuzpe regimen.
A single dose of Levonorgestrel 1.5 mg can be taken.
0.75 mg Levonorgestrel can be taken stat and repeat dose after 12 hours.
So, in hormonal pill method, from above three regimens, one can be chosen. The hormonal pills are to be taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse for it to be effective. Once implantation occurs, it will not be effective in terminating the pregnancy.
2. IUCD (intrauterine contraceptive device):
A copper-bearing IUCD is used most commonly. It can be inserted within five days of unprotected intercourse.
Mechanism of Action
1. It will inhibit or delay ovulation.
2. It affects cervical mucus and so the ability of the sperms to bind to the egg.
1. It can affect next period.
2. Sometimes, there can be heavy bleeding in the subsequent cycle.
Although emergency contraception methods are handy in preventing a possible pregnancy, they do not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases (STD). So, it is better to prevent pregnancy as well as STDs by using the barrier method (condoms) if needed.
For more information consult an emergency contraception and family planning specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/obstetrician-and-gynaecologist/emergency-contraception-and-family-planning
Last reviewed at:
07 Sep 2018 - 1 min read
Query: Hi doctor, Is I-pill safe while breastfeeding? If not, then what are the alternative measures? Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, I had taken a pill and got bleeding. I thought it was periods because I had little cramps but that bleeding was so light and it lasted for three to four days. After that I had protected sex two weeks back but to be complete sure I took another pill two days later and my periods was du... Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, My actual period date was over a month ago. I missed my period. A small dark spotting was seen. The pregnancy test is positive. Please suggest an abortion kit. Read Full »
Most Popular Articles
Do you have a question on Unplanned Pregnancy or Emergency Contraception?Ask a Doctor Online