Teen Health

Human Papilloma Virus - HPV Vaccine and Cancer Prevention

Written by
Dr. Shalini Patodiya
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Feb 13, 2017 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018   -  1 min read

Abstract

Abstract

A vaccine that can prevent cancer sounds like a distant dream, but it is true. The HPV vaccine is a vaccine available widely, which can prevent your children from many future cancers. This article is for the purpose of creating awareness regarding this vaccine.

Human Papilloma Virus - HPV Vaccine and Cancer Prevention

HPV (Human papilloma virus) vaccines have been widely available over a decade. But, a very few people have actually heard about the vaccine and a few have gotten vaccinated. This is the first and only vaccine available against cancer.

Human Papilloma Virus:

HPV vaccine prevents against human papilloma virus. This virus causes 70% of the cervical cancers and is also responsible for a significant proportion of anal, penile, vulval, vaginal and oropharyngeal cancers. HPV virus is acquired sexually during adulthood. The persistence of this virus for decades leads to malignancy.

Cervical Cancer:

Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in females, the most common being breast cancer. It causes a significant amount of morbidity and mortality. Around 70% cervical cancer can be prevented by this vaccine alone.

Genital Warts:

HPV also causes warts. Genital warts are sexually transmitted. The quadrivalent vaccine, Gardasil can also prevent 90% of genital warts.

HPV Vaccine:

  • There are two vaccines available, Gardasil and Cervarix. Both are given intramuscularly preferably to children aged 11 to 13 years, but can be given at a later age also.
  • Three doses are required. Initial dose, the second dose after 2 months and the last dose after 6 months of first dose.
  • The vaccine has minimal side effects such as injection site pain and fainting.
  • It can be given to both boys and girls.
  • Vaccine should be given, preferably before the sexual debut as the virus is transmitted sexually. That is why, 11-13 years is the best age group.

For further doubts regarding HPV vaccine, consult a medical oncologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/medical-oncologist

Last reviewed at:
07 Sep 2018  -  1 min read

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