Is common cold a disease or an allergy? This article is regarding what common cold actually is and how you can relate and differentiate it from allergy. It also includes treatment modalities different from allergy.
What Is Common Cold?
The common cold is a subtype of rhinitis (irritation or inflammation of nasal mucous membrane or nose) categorized as infectious rhinitis. As the name suggests, it is an infection and not an allergic reaction.
What Are the Causes of Common Cold?
More than hundreds of viruses are implicated in causing common cold but the most common are rhinovirus. It generally spreads through air during close contact with an infected person and by touching infected objects.
What Are the Risk Factors?
It is an airborne viral disease that can be caused in any situation, but few activities which seldom lead to the common cold are:
What Are the Signs and Symptoms?
Similar symptoms of allergic rhinitis and common cold are:
The other symptoms of common cold are:
In allergy, the symptoms appear rapidly just after getting in contact with the allergen, while in common cold, it takes a day or two.
What Are the Precautions to Be Taken?
What Are the Treatment Options?
Most of the time, people misunderstand common cold with allergy, and they take anti-histamine drugs which provide few symptomatic relief but do not cure the infection. Treatment of common cold includes symptomatic therapy (removal of symptoms) like:
There are no specific medicines available to treat cold, and it cannot be treated with antibiotics also.
Last reviewed at:
20 May 2019 - 1 min read
Query: Hi doctor, I have been taking 10 mg Singulair and 10 mg Cetirizine for five years for allergies, asthma, and Lyme. I just got two more kittens, and the medicines do not work anymore. I am miserable and desperate. I asked my doctor to give me 20 mg of Cetirizine and something else because I think ... Read Full »
Query: Hello, I have been having allergy problems for many years. I cannot breathe from my nose even if it is not blocked because I feel like I get less oxygen from my nose. I also have asthma and as the seasons change my allergies react. I always have running nose or sore throat or excessive sneezing and ... Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor, I had my filling two years ago and it has been going well for a few months. I have had no problem with it but recently anything really cold touches it and I get a sharp pain. Hot foods cause no problem and sometimes it just hurts by itself. Read Full »
Most Popular Articles
Do you have a question on ?Ask a Doctor Online